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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Old enough to know: Consulting children about sex and AIDS education in Africa

    This compelling study, comprising of a sample of eight schools in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa -Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania - examines the sources, contents and processes of children´s community-based sexual knowledges and asks how these knowledges interact with AIDS education programmes in school. Old enough to know showcases the possibilities of consulting pupils using engaging, interactive and visual methods including digital still photography, mini-video documentaries, as well as interviews and observations. …

  2. Teenage pregnancy and parenting at school in contemporary South African contexts: deconstructing school narratives and understanding policy implementation

    South African national education policy is committed to promoting gender equality at school and to facilitating the successful completion of all young people’s schooling, including those who may become pregnant and parent while at school. However, the experience of being pregnant and parenting while being a learner is shaped by broader social and school-based responses to teenage pregnancy, parenting and female sexuality in general. …

  3. What can a teacher do with a cellphone? Using participatory visual research to speak back in addressing HIV and AIDS

    The ubiquity of cellphones in South Africa, a country ravaged by HIV and AIDS, makes cellphones an easily accessible tool to use in participatory approaches to addressing HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) issues, particularly in school contexts. In this article we explore a participatory visual approach undertaken with a group of rural teachers, to uncover and address HIV and AIDS related issues. Drawing on our experience in using participatory video, we used cellphones to produce cellphilms about youth and risk in the context of HIV and AIDS. …

  4. Checkmating HIV and AIDS: Using chess to break the silence in the classroom

    In this article, the author gives an account of his ‘Checkmating HIV&AIDS’ action research project, which was an attempt to break the ‘culture of silence’ concerning HIV&AIDS and sex and sexuality in his classroom. In this project, he focused specifically on one code of sport, namely chess, and he points out and discusses the potential of using chess as an educational tool in addressing HIV&AIDS. It was found that learners enjoy playing chess and that it can be used in the Life Orientation classroom to promote HIV&AIDS awareness. …

  5. Supporting HIV-positive learners in inclusive classes in South Africa: Is it the responsibility of teachers

    The adoption of White Paper 6 of 2001 in South Africa on the implementation of inclusive education has become an important milestone to ensure the accommodation of the full range of learner needs in ordinary schools. This paper deals with the rights and needs of HIV-positive learners and their first line of support, namely ordinary teachers, who form the backbone of support within the inclusive classroom. At the moment, learners living with HIV miss out frequently on help and support because specialist out-of-school HIV and AIDS services are not geared towards their needs. …

  6. Process evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS intervention in South Africa

    This paper presents a process evaluation that assessed the fidelity and quality of implementation, as well as the acceptability and subjective evaluations of a HIV/AIDS intervention among students and teachers. Methods: The process evaluation was conducted as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a theory- and evidence-based school HIV/AIDS intervention in Cape Town. The intervention was designed for grade 8 high school students and delivered by teachers over a six-month period. Twenty-six schools participated in the trial, 13 in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. …

  7. The roles of educators in mitigating the impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on the education system in South Africa. Full report

    The purpose of the study summarised in this document was to determine the roles of educators in mitigating the impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and to ascertain the skills and knowledge required by them to play such roles effectively. Recognising that educators have a crucial role to play in all education subsectors, the study investigated the current and possible future roles of educators in schools and further education and training (FET) colleges as well as those of educators working in the higher education (HE) subsector.

  8. USAID Response to the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Basic Education in Africa

    Document listed as resource material for the Sub-Regional Seminar: "Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV/AIDS in Africa" Mombasa, Kenya 11th - 15th November, 2002.

  9. The HIV/AIDS Emergency. Guidelines for Educators

    These guidelines are based on the National Policy on HIV/AIDS for Learners and Educators in Public Schools, and Students and Educators in Further Education and Training institutions of the Department of Education (South Africa).

  10. Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools: a report on programme implementation

    As national education programs incorporate HIV prevention into school curricula, policymakers and educators need to know what they can expect from these initiatives. …

  11. National Policy on HIV/AIDS, for learners and educators in public schools, and students and educators in further education and training institutions

    National Policy on HIV/AIDS, for learners and educators in public schools, and students and educators in further education and training institutions

  12. HIV/AIDS: the rights of learners and educators

    Schools can be the most important place to discuss the many issues surrounding HIV/AIDS. It is here where facts and information are taught and ideas debated. Education is more than just gaining skills. A sense of respect for others and taking a stand against injustice, inequality and discrimination, is as important as learning to read, write and count. Schools should be a place where we feel safe and comfortable to talk about serious subjects such as HIV/AIDS. A supportive school environment is one where all learners and educators are accepted and treated with respect. …

  13. HIV and education sector policies and strategic plans in some African countries

    The present document is divided into the following sections: In chapter 2, responses in the form of general policies and HIV are discussed with the intention to define some criteria for assessing and characterising such instruments. Chapter 3 focuses more on education and tries to highlight some of the main socio-economic characteristics of the relationship between HIV and education. Chapter 4 reviews some African countries national HIV policies and educational policies. …

  14. HIV and Education

    In this document, Coombe points out ways in which the education sector must be implemented in bringing about effective response plans to HIV/AIDS, not only in terms of prevention but also in terms of treatment and care. It is also important to understand the pandemic's implications for the management and development of teachers and students.

  15. Factors affecting teaching and learning in South African Public Schools

    Analysing the extent and severity of HIV/AIDS among educators without looking at the broader context within which schools operate, provides only a partial understanding of the immense challenges facing the education sector in South Africa. This study examines material issues affecting the quality of teaching and learning in our schools, both within and external to the classroom environment. The findings reveal significant disparities in conditions, both within and between provinces. …

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