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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. An everyday lesson: #ENDviolence in schools

    Globally, half of students aged 13–15 experience peer-to-peer violence in and around school. This violence has short-term effects on their educational achievement and leaves a long-term impression on their futures. This report outlines the prevalence of violence in and around schools and highlights students’, partners’ and UNICEF efforts to #Endviolence in schools.

  2. Creating safe space for GLBTQ youth: a toolkit

    The goal of this toolkit is to enable staff of mainstream youth-serving organizations to create a safe and welcoming environment for GLBTQ youth by directly addressing homophobia and transphobia among staff and youth. …

  3. What works in tackling homophobic, biphobic and transphobic (HBT) bullying among school-age children and young people? Evidence review and typology of initiatives

    This report provides a review of evidence about what works in preventing homophobic, biphobic and transphobic (HBT) bullying in schools. This evidence review: - examines existing research about effective initiatives and interventions to prevent HBT bullying in schools, - is conducted by NatCen Social Research, - represents the first stage in the ‘Tackling homophobic, biphobic and transphobic bullying among school-age children and young people’ study.

  4. Tackling homophobic, biphobic and transphobic bullying among school-age children and young people: findings from a mixed methods study of teachers, other providers and pupils

    This report provides the findings from a qualitative study of ‘What works in tackling homophobic, biphobic and transphobic (HBT) bullying among school-aged children and young people?’. …

  5. ASKAIDS: African Sexual Knowledges and HIV/AIDS: ASKAIDS toolkit for consulting pupils

    The ASKAIDS Project involved a research project in Sub-Saharan Africa, focused on understanding how primary age pupils acquire sexual knowledge, in what contexts and how this relates to the HIV education received in schools (phase 1). The second phase produced a set of curriculum development materials in dialogue with local stakeholders.

  6. School-based reproductive health and safety education for students aged 12-15 years in UNESCO's (2009) International Technical Guidance

    Globally, adolescents aged 12–15 years are making sexual and reproductive decisions of profound significance for their future, often based on misguided, inadequate or dangerously wrong information. Very few countries provide evidential and comprehensive education about puberty, sexuality, and reproductive health and safety to children and young adolescents at school, when it is most effective and beneficial. UNESCO has produced a culturally applicable framework for such education, with the primary aim of reducing sexual risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. …

  7. Opportunities for technology-based HIV prevention programming among high school students in Cape Town, South Africa

    One in three new cases of HIV in South Africa is among adolescents. Given that adolescents are particularly affected, scalable, and cost-effective prevention programs are urgently needed. This study aims to identify opportunities to integrate technology into youth HIV prevention efforts. In 2012, 1107 8th–11th graders completed a paper-and-pencil survey. Respondents were enrolled in one of three public high schools in Langa, a lower income community in Cape Town, South Africa. Eighty-nine percent of respondents have used text messaging (SMS) and 86% have gone online. …

  8. Sex and relationships education (SRE) for the 21st century. Supplementary advice to the Sex and Relationship Education Guidance DfEE (0116/2000)

    This new guidance developed by the PSHE Association, Brook, and Sex Education Forum supplements 2000 statutory guidance on SRE. This guidance has been produced to help teachers and schools to provide good Sex and Relationship Education (SRE); to offer additional support on new issues not included within existing guidance; and to provide advice which reflects updated legislation, including the Equality Act 2010. …

  9. Assessment of Learning Needs of Youth in Pakistan about HIV and AIDS and Adolescence Education

    The Assessment aims to: i) review the existing curriculum and textbooks for students in public sector secondary and higher secondary classes with a view to identify and enlist available content about HIV & AIDS prevention education; ii) measure the level of awareness among adolescent students about HIV & AIDS in general and their knowledge about modes of transmission and precautionary measures; iii) assess the knowledge of young people about adolescence and reproductive health issues; identify possible challenges Pakistan Youth may have to face in their information seeking on their adolescence …

  10. Application of the information, motivation and behavioural skills model for targeting HIV risk behaviour amongst adolescent learners in South Africa

    This paper discusses the application of an information, motivation and behavioural skills (IMB) model in a school-based programme for the reduction of HIV risk behaviour among 259 Grade 11 learners in two high schools in Alexandra township, Johannesburg. School 1 was the Experimental group, while School 2 was the Control group. After a baseline study (Time 1) at both schools, a 3-week intervention programme was conducted at School 1. A post-test (Time 2) was conducted at both schools. The intervention was repeated at School 2, followed by another post-test (Time 3) at both schools. …

  11. Sexuality education in South Africa: Three essential questions

    Sex education is the cornerstone on which most HIV/AIDS prevention programmes rest and since the adoption of Outcomes-Based Education (OBE), has become a compulsory part of the South African school curriculum through the Life Orientation learning area. However, while much focus has been on providing young people with accurate and frank information about safe sex, this paper questions whether school based programmes sufficiently support the needs of young people. …

  12. Safe space for young people: a review of the school AIDS education program

    The School AIDS Education Program (SAEP) is a key intervention that aims at providing preventive education to young people in schools and is a critical component of the preventive intervention for the general community as no other institutional system reaches as many children as the school system. The main objective of the SAEP is to equip every young adult who passes out of school, with basic knowledge about HIV, so that each young person has correct knowledge and skills to protect themselves from HIV. …

  13. NCB Your Life leaflets: Guides for people with HIV in their teens and early adulthood

    NCB has produced six Your Life leaflets for young people who have HIV and are aged between about 13 and 25. Most of the leaflets include stories from young people living with HIV, and all contain links to other sources of information and support. - Life Looking Forward. The leaflet covers: feeling safe and well, looking after yourself and being a normal young person, getting on with family members, becoming a parent, transition from children's to adults' HIV health services; - Sharing in Life. …

  14. Youth empowerment and high school Gay-Straight Alliances

    In the field of positive youth development programs, “empowerment” is used interchangeably with youth activism, leadership, civic participation and self-efficacy. However, few studies have captured what empowerment means to young people in diverse contexts. This article explores how youth define and experience empowerment in youth-led organizations characterized by social justice goals: high school Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs). …

  15. Going beyond gay-straight alliances to make schools safe for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students

    Currently, the establishment of Gay-Straight Alliances (GSA) in schools is one of the most visible and widely adopted strategies for calling attention to and addressing the needs of LGBT students. …

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