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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools: a report on programme implementation

    As national education programs incorporate HIV prevention into school curricula, policymakers and educators need to know what they can expect from these initiatives. …

  2. Positive outcomes: the chances of acquiring HIV/AIDS during the school-going years in the Eastern Cape, 1990-2000

    The authors explore the probability of acquiring HIV/AIDS for learners enrolled in SA government schools in the Eastern Cape. Ante Natal Clinic published data and a 10 percent sample of the census of 1996 are used to calibrate the probabilities of becoming infected. While education is glibly assumed to be a key turnaround factor and cultural antidote to the further spread of the pandemic, the authors point out that this earnest and understandably near universal hope is unlikely to translate into reality. …

  3. L'Epidémie du VIH/sida: Un défi pour la réalisation de la scolarisation primaire universelle en Afrique Subsaharienne

    Cette étude comprend une analyse de l'impact de l'épidémie du VIH/Sida sur le système éducatif ; des propositions d'interventions pour atténuer ces impacts et lutter contre le VIH/Sida dans le secteur de l'éducation ;un aperçu des initiatives internationales et nationales mises en oeuvre pour répondre à cette problématique de développement de l'éducation dans un contexte d'épidémie de VIH/Sida.

  4. HIV/AIDS: a threat to educational quality in sub-Saharan Africa. Analytical framework and implications for policy development

    Ce document a été commandé par l'Association pour le Développement de l'éducation en Afrique (ADEA) pour sa biennale (Grand Baie, Maurice, 3-6 décembre 2003). Cette étude entend apporter aux décideurs chargés de l'éducation en Afrique subsaharienne, ainsi qu'à leurs partenaires, un cadre analytique d'appui pour évaluer l'impact du sida sur la qualité de l'éducation. L'intérêt pratique de ce cadre réside dans les orientations qu'il propose pour la fixation des priorités de la politique éducative et l'élaboration de stratégies de planification visant à renforcer les initiatives nationales en direction des objectifs d'éducation pour tous. Les données d'impact du VIH/sida sur l'éducation réunies à ce jour restent encore limitées et trop souvent empiriques. Elles permettent néanmoins de dégager un certain nombre d'implications pour les futures politiques - mais cela ne remplacera pas une recherche plus systématique, indispensable. L'auteur estime que le thème de la qualité de l'éducation parfaitement approprié à l'élaboration de réponses politiques au VIH/sida dans le secteur de l'éducation, dans la mesure où ces réponses doivent être holistiques et diversifiées, afin de tenir compte des facteurs complexes qui interviennent dans la concrétisation d'une éducation de qualité. Les recherches ciblées sur un seul facteur - comme le déploiement des enseignants ou les programmes scolaires - ne suffiront pas à protéger le secteur de l'éducation des atteintes de l'épidémie. Toute tentative de prévention et d'atténuation de l'impact du VIH/sida sur le secteur de l'éducation doit, par essence, être intégrée dans les stratégies de promotion et de protection de la qualité de l'éducation. attainment, attendance

  5. HIV/AIDS and education in Jamaica: Is the HIV epidemic affecting the supply of educators and the demand for education in Jamaica? Barriers to integration of HIV/AIDS infected/affected children into the Jamaican school system.

    Research undertaken with UNESCO support by Professor Wilma Bailey and Dr. Affette McCaw-Binns of the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, on issues related to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Jamaica and the education system was completed at the end of 2004.Themes investigated were: Barriers to the integration of HIV/AIDS infected/affected children into the Jamaican school system; The HIV epidemic: is it affecting the supply of educators and the demand for education in Jamaica? For discussion of methodology and findings, contact Professor Bailey at wilma.bailey@uwimona.edu.jm

  6. HIV and Education

    In this document, Coombe points out ways in which the education sector must be implemented in bringing about effective response plans to HIV/AIDS, not only in terms of prevention but also in terms of treatment and care. It is also important to understand the pandemic's implications for the management and development of teachers and students.

  7. HIV and AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices and behaviour (KAPB) study in Namibia

    UNICEF’s Education for HIV Prevention and Mitigation Programme (EHPM) focuses on strengthening the capacity of adolescents and communities to fulfill their rights to correct information and appropriate skills enabling them to make correct choices for HIV prevention. EHPM will contribute to a reduction in risk-behaviour among adolescents through provision of life skills education for HIV prevention and mitigate the effects of HIV/AIDS on children’s access to basic education through the development and implementation of national level systems and promotion of school-community support systems. …

  8. Factors affecting teaching and learning in South African Public Schools

    Analysing the extent and severity of HIV/AIDS among educators without looking at the broader context within which schools operate, provides only a partial understanding of the immense challenges facing the education sector in South Africa. This study examines material issues affecting the quality of teaching and learning in our schools, both within and external to the classroom environment. The findings reveal significant disparities in conditions, both within and between provinces. …

  9. Etude des impacts socioéconomiques du VIH/SIDA sur le secteur éducation au Tchad

    Cette étude a pour objet d'analyser les impacts socioéconomiques du VIH/SIDA sur le secteur éducation. Ainsi, après l'analyse de la vulnérabilité du secteur éducation, le cadre institutionnel mis en place et la réponse apportée par le secteur ont été passés en revue. Puis le cadre conceptuel de l'analyse des impacts socioéconomiques du VIH/SIDA sur le secteur éducation a été élaboré sous l'angle « impacts quantitatifs » et « impacts qualitatifs » que le VIH/SIDA pourrait avoir sur le secteur. …

  10. Education and HIV/AIDS in Swaziland

    The challenges facing the Education and Health sectors of the Swaziland government with respect to HIV/AIDS are indeed enormous. Vast numbers of economically active people, teachers and health sector employees will be lost to AIDS. National budget allocations need to be revised and economies elsewhere in the budget need to be sought and channeled towards the Health and Education sectors. …

  11. Education and HIV/AIDS

    This background paper examines the relationship between education and HIV prevalence, the evidence of impact of HIV/AIDS on education systems in Africa with particular reference to teachers, and the relationship between education and literacy and treatment adherence.

  12. Coping with HIV/AIDS in Education. Case studies of Kenya and Tanzania

    Education systems are increasingly making changes in response to a rising tide of new expectations about the role of education in human development. Education is seen as a critical requirement for individuals to fulfil their potential, for communities to make positive changes in quality of life and for societies to improve their economic competitiveness. This rediscovery of education, as the key to human development, stems partly from the need to address growing inequalities within countries and between countries in an era of globalisation. …

  13. Contributions of non formal education to HIV prevention education in Nigeria: case study and inventory of NGO practices

    This paper is concerned with the need to address the fact that with over 5 per cent of the population of Nigeria infected with HIV, and the adult mortality rate continuing to rise, Nigeria is now at a potentially explosive stage of the epidemic. In particular it is concerned with the role of Non- Formal Education (NFE) in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS. It begins by first outlining the numerous positive steps taken by the following organisations: the Nigerian Government, the education sector, Federal Parastatals, civil society, non-governmental organisations and donor agencies. …

  14. Construction of safety and risk factors by learners in the Limpopo Province, South Africa: Results of a baseline survey of learners in the Sekhukhune, Bohlabela and Vhembe districts

    In 2004, the University of Pretoria was contracted by the United Nations' Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Limpopo Department of Education (LDoE) to conduct research in Limpopo, South Africa, examining issues related to safety and threats for learners at the foundational (Grade R-3), intermediate (Grade 4-7) and senior (Grade 8-12) phases. The purpose of the research was to provide baseline data and potential strategies for longer term school-based and community-based programmes to develop Child Friendly Schools (CFS) and Schools as Centres for Care and Support in Limpopo. …

  15. Children in primary school : the window of hope or the window of concern

    Age-related data regularly show AIDS cases being at their lowest for boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 14. The low occurrence of AIDS among those aged 5-14 has led to children in this age range being regarded as constituting a "window of hope". Programmes targeted at this group are seen as providing a special opportunity to prevent infections and reduce the transmission of the disease.However, a number of circumstances relating to the way schools are organised and managed increase the risk of HIV infection for students, teachers and the community in which the school is embedded.

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