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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents (Review)

    Background: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Objectives: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents.

  2. The role of schools in supporting HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    Aim: To establish an overview of school-based interventions carried out to support the health and well-being of vulnerable children in Zimbabwe and similar socio-economic contexts in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: A literature search was carried out in Web of Knowledge using combinations of the following search terms: support, intervention, school, child, Zimbabwe, sub-Saharan Africa, health, well-being, inclusion and enrolment. A total of 12 articles were identified as relevant to the research question and included in this review. …

  3. The impact of HIV/AIDS on children’s educational outcome: A critical review of global literature

    The number of children losing one or both parents to HIV/AIDS has continued to rise in the past decade, with most of them being school-aged children. This study reviews global literature on the effects of HIV/AIDS (e.g., parental HIV-related illness or death) on children's schooling. Systematic review procedures generated 23 studies for examination. Existing studies show educational disadvantages among children affected by AIDS in various educational outcomes, including school enrollment and attendance, school behavior and performance, school completion, and educational attainment. …

  4. HIV infection and schooling experiences of adolescents in Uganda

    This chapter, from the publication " Social and psychosocial aspects of HIV/AIDS and their ramifications" responds to the need for relevant evidence by exploring the experiences of HIV-positive adolescent boys and girls in primary and secondary schools in Uganda from the perspectives of school officials and teachers, the general student body, as well as adolescents perinatally infected with HIV. …

  5. A Review of education policy to address the active and passive exclusion of learners affected by HIV and AIDS from attending or participating in schooling

    The study focuses on four key barriers to education, which are most prominent for children affected by HIV and AIDS, namely: HIV/AIDS-related illness of learners; Grief and trauma associated with illness and death of family/household members; Increased domestic responsibility (and exploitation through child labour) for children affected by AIDS; HIV- and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination.

  6. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners: a desk-based study

    The purpose of this desk-based research was to review policy with respect to the education of HIV-positive children and to examine how their education can be encouraged and supported in primary and secondary school settings. This was done through an appraisal of the scientific literature that had a bearing on the special needs of the children, and the public statements of national and international organizations dealing with the epidemic. …

  7. Accelerating the education sector response to HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. A rapid situation analysis of 34 Countries

    In recent years, the education sector in low-income countries has come to play an increasingly important role in the health of the school-aged child. The sector has a key role in providing young people, especially girls, a chance to a productive and AIDS-free life, through the social vaccine of education. …

  8. VIH/SIDA et le secteur de l'éducation : impact sur les apprenants

    Les études d'impact, de prévention, et de sensibilisation pour le changement des comportements, ainsi que les documents de politiques et de stratégies qui traitent du VIH/SIDA sur le système éducatif, mais surtout de l'impact sur les apprenants des pays tels que le Burkina Faso, le Cameroun, la Côte d'Ivoire, le Ghana et le Sénégal font l'objet de la présente synthèse. Le sujet abordé sera relatif à la demande et à la qualité de l'éducation du système car celui-ci est confronté aux effets du VIH/SIDA notamment au niveau de l'offre. …

  9. Impact de L'Education VIH/SIDA sur L'Enseignement au Togo

    La présente étude intitulée a pour objet de faire la lumière sur l'impact que l'éducation VIH/SIDA a sur l'enseignement en matière de demande, d'offre, de clientèle, de contenu, de processus de l'éducation, d'organisation et de gestion de l'éducation. L'analyse des perceptions que les élèves et les enseignants ont de leurs propres rôles et de ceux des partenaires conduira à la proposition d'hypothèses en vue de rendre le modèle plus adapté.Le rapport de recherche est structuré en quatre chapitres :Le premier chapitre présente la problématique de la recherche et aborde le contexte de l'étude. …

  10. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 3: HIV and AIDS and educator development, conduct and support

    This booklet is the third in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV and AIDS and the education sector. It discusses issues affecting educators in the context of HIV and AIDS, including training, conduct, and care and support. It also includes a bibliography, a list of practical tools and resources, and sources of additional information.

  11. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 2: HIV and AIDS and safe, secure and supportive learning environments

    This booklet is the second in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV and AIDS and the education sector. It discusses issues affecting learners in the context of HIV and AIDS, including rights and access to education, protection, knowledge and skills, and care and support. It also includes a bibliography, a list of practical tools and resources, and sources of additional information.

  12. Education sector responses to HIV and AIDS: learning from good practices in Africa

    This document summarises the key issues regarding HIV and AIDS and the education sector and is based primarily on a review of published literature and the Commonwealth Secretariat (Comsec) and Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) regional workshop held from 12 to 14 September 2006 in South Africa. Section 1 briefly reviews HIV and AIDS and the need for an accelerated response. Section 2 focuses on HIV and AIDS and Education Sector Responses.Section 3 highlights the evidence regarding mass campaigns for HIV and AIDS prevention, education and advocacy. …

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