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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Impact evaluation of a school-based sexuality and HIV prevention education activity in South Africa: baseline survey report

    Gaining the knowledge and skills necessary to make healthy choices about sexual behavior as adolescent learners transition to young adulthood is key to controlling the potentially devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  2. Healthy, happy, safe: an investigation into how PSHE and SRE are inspected in English schools

    This report analyses over 2000 primary and secondary school inspection reports for 2015/16. The report’s main findings are as follows: -SRE was mentioned by inspectors in less than 1% of reports and PSHE in just 14% of reports, fewer than almost all other established subjects, including history (36%), geography (26%), music (31%), and art (31%). -Mentions of sexual health, safe sex, and related topics were almost entirely absent from inspectors’ reports, with only 1% of reports referring to these issues. …

  3. Constructing the ideal Muslim sexual subject: problematics of school-based sex education in Iran

    School-based sex education is an underdeveloped and challenging issue to address in Iran. This paper provides insights into the main challenges in developing and implementing school-based sex education in Iran. Through an investigation of one Iranian boys' school that, in contrast to the majority of Iranian educational institutions, has an established strategy for educating its pupils on sexual matters, it is possible to critically explore the underlying principles and practice of sex education in this institution. …

  4. Teacher training in sexuality education in Australia: how well are teachers prepared for the job?

    To better understand the current situation of sexuality education at school and the barriers for implementing effective programs, more research on educators and their experiences within the context of professional development is needed. Thus, we reviewed the broader curriculum and policy content for sex education in Australian tertiary teaching institutions, as well as the availability and content of pre-service teacher training.

  5. Sex education in the eyes of Brazilian public school teachers

    This article presents the results of a research about the implementation of sex education in the public schools of Novo Hamburgo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 124 teachers from 56 public schools. The Discourse of the Collective Subject method was applied to analyse the interviews. The results show that sex education is not a crosscutting theme in schools, and that it is mostly dominated by the biomedical discourse. …

  6. The World Starts With Me: using intervention mapping for the systematic adaptation and transfer of schoolbased sexuality education from Uganda to Indonesia

    Evidence-based health promotion programmes, including HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education programmes, are often transferred to other cultures, priority groups and implementation settings. Challenges in this process include the identification of retaining core elements that relate to the programme’s effectiveness while making changes that enhances acceptance in the new context and for the new priority group. This paper describes the use of a systematic approach to programme adaptation using a case study as an example. …

  7. Efficacy of a theory-based abstinence-only intervention over 24 months: A randomized controlled trial with young adolescents

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of an abstinence-only intervention in preventing sexual involvement in young adolescents. Design:Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Urban public schools. Participants:A total of 662 African American students in grades 6 and 7. …

  8. Sexuality education in South Africa: Three essential questions

    Sex education is the cornerstone on which most HIV/AIDS prevention programmes rest and since the adoption of Outcomes-Based Education (OBE), has become a compulsory part of the South African school curriculum through the Life Orientation learning area. However, while much focus has been on providing young people with accurate and frank information about safe sex, this paper questions whether school based programmes sufficiently support the needs of young people. …

  9. Sex and relationships education: still not getting any?

    Are you happy with the sex and relationships education you have received? If not, it helps to know what you can do to make a difference in your local area. Read on to learn more about your rights, top tips and other young people like you who have made a difference.

  10. Framework for comprehensive sexuality education

    This Framework proposes principles and provides guidelines for the introduction of appropriate curricula for comprehensive sexuality education. The aim of this document is to work towards improving access to information concerning sexual and reproductive health as part of the school programme in the Republic of Macedonia through a consultative process involving relevant institutions and civic sector representatives. This document presents justifications and principles, and provides guidelines for the design of appropriate curricula for comprehensive sexuality education. …

  11. Key findings: young people's survey on sex and relationships education

    This briefing is a summary of the key findings of an online survey designed to find out from 16- to 25-year-olds what their experience of sex and relationships education (SRE) was at school, what topics they were taught and what made their SRE particularly good or bad. In total 1,709 self-selected young people responded to the survey.

  12. Love only after classes: needs assessment on sexuality education in Macedonia

    In Macedonia there is a need for introducing sexuality education in schools. This finding is a result of a research determining the needs of the parents, teachers and students, and reviewing the current school curricula. Both parents and teachers agree on the introduction of sexuality education as a regular subject in schools. Such subject, among others, must develop the practical skills for protection from risks related to sexual activity. …

  13. The application of Intervention Mapping in developing and implementing school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in a developing country context: the case of Tanzania

    Effective sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programmes are needed to protect young people against HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy in Tanzania and other Sub-Saharan African countries. Using a theory- and evidence-based approach and adapting the programmes to local contexts, increases the effectiveness of these programmes. This paper describes and discusses the challenges and opportunities concerning the application of Intervention Mapping (IM) in the development and implementation of a sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programme targeting young people aged 12-14 in Tanzania. …

  14. Parents and SRE: a Sex Education Forum evidence briefing

    This evidence briefing sets out the views and experiences of parents in relation to the sex and relationships education (SRE) of their children - both at home and at school. The thoughts and experiences of children and young people about their parents' role in SRE are presented in parallel. The briefing addresses the following eight questions, with key findings summarised at the end. 1. What is sex and relationships education? 2. Who do children and young people want to learn from? 3. What role do parents see for themselves in SRE? 4. What role do parents see for schools in SRE? 5. …

  15. A sexatlas for schools. Sexuality and personal relationships: a guide for the planning and implementation of teaching programmes in this area for primary, junior secondary and senior secondary schools

    This guide is based on recent research into sexuality education and health promotion in Sweden and focuses on sexuality and personal relationships for the planning and implementation of teaching programmes. It outlines important questions to be asked before the development of any education programme on sexuality and personal relationships and is designed to assist schools in analysing and structuring these programmes, to promote discussions and develop the teacher's ability to respond in an open and instructive manner to questions about sexuality and relationships. …

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