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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. School experiences of HIV-positive secondary school learners on ARV treatment in Namibia

    Although the provision of life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) treatment is central to the medical and policy response to the HIV pandemic, relatively little research in the SADC region and in Namibia particularly, attends to HIV-positive people's experiences and the social effects of taking ARV treatment, with children being least focused on. The study from which the paper is drawn contributes to this dearth by examining the experiences of HIV-positive high school learners on ARV treatment in Khomas Region, Namibia. …

  2. HIV in schools: a good practice guide to supporting children living with and affected by HIV

    Schools are an important part of a child's life and provide a supportive, caring environment. Yet still in 2015, the reactions of staff, parent/carers or pupils, to a child who is living with or affected by HIV, have in some cases led to the child feeling unable to remain at that school. This guidance by Magda Conway is an update of the comprehensive resource published by NCB in 2005, and a collaboration between the Children's HIV Association (CHIVA) and NCB. …

  3. Postgraduate educational research on violence, gender, and HIV/AIDS in and around schools (1995-2004)

    Social issues such as HIV/AIDS, bullying, and violence have recently come to the fore in schooling and related research in South Africa. This article describes and critically analyses Masters and Ph.D. research done in education in the period 1995–2004, with particular reference to the voice given to social issues, namely: gender, violence, and HIV/AIDS and their interconnectedness. It explores issues, trends, and patterns in research emerging in the first decade of democracy in South Africa.

  4. Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial

    While the HIV epidemic is levelling off in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains at an unacceptably high level. Young people aged 15-24 years remain particularly vulnerable, resulting in a regional HIV prevalence of 1.4% in young men and 3.3% in young women. This study assesses the effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda on young people’s sexual behavior, HIV knowledge and attitudes. In a non-randomized longitudinal controlled trial, fourteen schools were selected in two neighboring districts in Rwanda Bugesera (intervention) and Rwamagana (control). …

  5. Positive learning: meeting the needs of young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) in the education sector

    This publication is the result of a partnership between UNESCO and the Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+). It builds upon the respective work of these organisations in relation to supporting the ideals of Education for All and the role of the education sector in the global response to HIV (UNESCO) and the Positive Health, Dignity and Prevention framework (GNP+). The overall purpose is to better define the role and responsibilities of the education sector in supporting young people who are living with HIV (YPLHIV) to realise their personal, social and educational potential. …

  6. In-school HIV and AIDS counselling services in Botswana: an exploratory study

    This exploratory study describes the provision of HIV & AIDS counselling services in Botswana junior secondary schools as perceived by teachers. A total of 45 teachers (age range = 20-55; teaching experience range = 0-21 years) from three schools participated. The participants completed a questionnaire on the types of HIV & AIDS-related counselling services provided in the junior secondary schools services, their self-rated HIV & AIDS counselling training needs and their perceived importance of the HIV & AIDS-related counselling services. …

  7. HIV sero-status disclosure in the school context: experiences of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda

    In this paper, we use data from Uganda to examine disclosure of HIV sero-status in the school context by adolescents perinatally infected with HIV. We begin by presenting evidence of the existence of stigma and discrimination in schools from the perspectives of school officials, in-school young people perinatally infected with HIV, and other students. We then examine the level of disclosure of sero-status to school officials and friends by adolescents perinatally infected with HIV. …

  8. Recomendación general no. 8/2004. Sobre el caso de la discriminación en las escuelas a menores portadores de VIH o que padecen SIDA

    Recomendación general de la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos de México respecto a casos de discriminación en las escuelas hacia niños que viven con VIH.

  9. The concept of HIV and AIDS Preventive Education in School Environment

    This document has been developed in order to coordinate, at the Federal level, the different activities carried out in the field of HIV & AIDS education in Russian schools. It presents the common position of the different Russian Ministries (mainly Education and Sciences, Public Health and Social Development) concerned with this issue. This position defines a specific "state standard" determining the key elements and principles of HIV and AIDS education. …

  10. School based peer education program: student baseline report. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education SHAPE 2

    This report summarizes the findings of a baseline survey of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health (RH) knowledge, attitudes and behavior among youth in a sample of schools participating in the SHAPE 2 Project peer education program directed by World Education, Ghana, in collaboration with the Ghana Education Service and with support from USAID.

  11. National Policy for HIV/AIDS Management in Schools

    Internationally, the first case of AIDS was diagnosed more than twenty years ago. In spite of extensive research, the origin of HIV has not been discovered. The spread of HIV in Jamaica is mainly through sexual contact between men and women. Additionally, about one-third of all babies born to HIV infected women are infected during pregnancy, at birth or through breast feeding unless anti-retroviral medication is given to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child.Persons infected with HIV do not immediately develop AIDS or AIDS symptoms. …

  12. Letting them fail: Government neglect and the right to education for children affected by AIDS

    Governments in sub-Saharan Africa have failed to address the extraordinary barriers to education faced by children who are orphaned or otherwise affected by HIV/AIDS. An estimated 43 million school-age children do not attend school in the region. HIV/AIDS has caused unprecedented rates of adult mortality, leaving millions of children without parental care to ensure their access to education. …

  13. Ghanaian parents' views of HIV/AIDS education in schools: report of focus group discussions. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education (SHAPE 2)

    The study summarized in this report was carried out as part of a multi-faceted research strategy designed to collect baseline data for a newly expanded project carried out by World Education, an international non-governmental organization (NGO) established in Ghana in 2001. Working in partnership with local institutions, World Education strives to prevent the spread and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS in the education sector. …

  14. Bodies Count. AIDS Review 2006

    Bodies Count AIDS Review 2006 discusses the role of education and the response of the educational system to HIV and AIDS. It has long been believed that schools were one of the most effective places to address HIV and AIDS. Indeed AIDS education in schools has often been referred to as a 'social vaccine' equipping young people with a lifetime protection against infection and giving them the means to develop and sustain sexual behaviour that will not carry the risk of infection. …

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