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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  2. Assessing school climate towards sustainable learning for all in Sub-Saharan Africa: Perspectives from unstable health to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV)

    The objective of the current study is to explore the use of Rasch scaling technique to construct a Perceived School Disorder Index (PSDI) in order to see if there are ‘stages’ of evolution in a school climate. More specifically, the research questions for the current study are: Which items constitute the PSDI in Sub-Saharan African countries? What profile of behavioural problems are likely to emerge at different stages of the school climate? What were boys’ and girls’ learning outcomes at each stage of the school climate?

  3. Effectiveness of a comprehensive sexual and gender-based violence prevention project for in-school girls in Swaziland

    Swaziland is one of the sub-Saharan African countries affected by Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) and HIV and AIDS, with women facing greater risk compared to men. In response to increasing reports of violence against women and children in the country, the Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) launched a Girls’ Empowerment Clubs (GEC) program in primary and secondary schools in order prevent SGBV cases. …

  4. Violence in primary schools in Southern and Eastern Africa: Some evidence from SACMEQ

    Special attention was given to the issues related to school violence in the studies conducted by a consortium known as Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ). These issues were included in the form of research questions which sought information on pupils’ and teachers’ behavioural problems at the primary school level. This paper addresses the following three research questions: (1) What were the changes in the perceived occurrence of school violence in SACMEQ school systems between 2000 and 2007? …

  5. HIV-related discrimination among grade six students in nine southern African countries

    Background: HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited. Methods: We used nationally representative data to examine discrimination of HIV-positive children by grade six students (n = 39,664) across nine countries in Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  6. Schools as Agencies of Protection in Namibia and Swaziland: Can They Prevent Dropout and Child Labor in the Context of HIV/AIDS and Poverty?

    This article addresses a particular area of research in the field of education and child protection: the protective role of schools in the contexts of HIV/AIDS and poverty. Such adverse situations may lead children not to enroll in school or to drop out of school and subsequently to be subjected to abusive child labor and, in some cases, the worst forms of child labor (WFCL). …

  7. Health club formation and management guide. HIV and AIDS eToolkit for teachers and schools in Swaziland

    This document focuses on health clubs, which consists of a group of students/pupils who: - Are determined to control and prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS through peer education, life skills education and sexual reproductive health; - Have decided to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS and help other people to do the same; - May be living positively with HIV/AIDS and are determined to encourage others to do the same; - Are determined to challenge prejudices and fears which stigmatize infected people; - Are prepared to help people to develop and practice understanding, support, and a sense of communi …

  8. The scourge of abuse amongst school going children in Swaziland

    The scourge of abuse is at the moment a major challenge to the country's schools and communities at large. This study highlights findings on children vulnerable to abuse, those that are exposed to abuse and the circumstances surrounding such situations. Findings of the study revealed that there is indeed a high level of abuse (+ 60%) among school going children in the country, Evidence of this came from responses given by the students, teachers and community members who participated in the study. Sexual abuse was identified as the most prevalent type abuse, closely followed by physical abuse. …

  9. Circles of support for orphans and vulnerable children: a community and schools-based multi-sectoral approach to meeting their needs

    The project "Circles of support for orphans and vulnerable children: a community and schools-based multi-sectoral approach to meeting their needs" was aimed at testing a model to improve the identification of OVC and comprehensively support them, using the school system as an entry point. The overall objective of the project was to define and test nationally appropriate models of supporting OVC by providing for their basic needs and psycho-social support to enable them to remain in, or re-enter, school and fulfill their development potential. …

  10. Taking action: gender-based violence in and around school in Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    This report maps out a plan of action - action spaces - for addressing gender-based violence drawing from fieldwork in Swaziland and Zimbabwe in the last quarter of 2003. While there are a number of sectors that can play a major role in working to combat gender-based violence, the education sector is of particular importance. As long as girls are denied their rights to safe and secure environments for living and learning, universal access to quality education cannot be guaranteed. …

  11. Study on the Impact of the Schools HIV/AIDS Intervention Programme in Swaziland

    The study was especially commissioned to find out the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector. It concentrated on the impact on the population as a whole, and made projections of the numbers of the infected and affected adults. There was no specific information about affected and infected teachers save for the fact that due to the high rate of infections and AIDS related deaths, training of teachers had to be intensified. …

  12. Education and HIV/AIDS in Swaziland

    The challenges facing the Education and Health sectors of the Swaziland government with respect to HIV/AIDS are indeed enormous. Vast numbers of economically active people, teachers and health sector employees will be lost to AIDS. National budget allocations need to be revised and economies elsewhere in the budget need to be sought and channeled towards the Health and Education sectors. …

  13. Streamlining School and College Curricula in Swaziland: An assessment study on the response of education sector towards HIV/AIDS and life skills education

    This report discusses the intervention and mitigaiton methods introduced by the Ministry of Education of Swaziland in order to combat the increasing prevalennce rates of HIV/AIDS in the 15-24 age group. Through Life skills education programmes intergrated into all subjects, the MOE hoped to salvage the window of hope which is this age group. This paper discusses the other missing factors with this implementation such as policies to guide the implementation and coordinating machinery or organisations to moitor and evaluate it.

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