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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The effectiveness of a model for addressing school-related gender-based violence in South Africa: An evaluation of the Zero Tolerance School Alliance

    This study fostered the prevention of, and strengthened response to, school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in South African schools, by adapting an effective, adult-centric, community-based GBV prevention— the Zero Tolerance Village Alliance—to help mitigate SRGBV among children in secondary school. This adapted, child-centric version—the ‘Zero Tolerance School Alliance” (ZTSA)—was implemented in 2016 and 2017 in one public secondary school in Vhembe district, Limpopo province, South Africa.

  2. Prevent violence in schools: learners taking action: learner book

    The programme Prevent violence in schools focuses on enabling and supporting learners to take action to prevent violence in their own schools. Programme materials include two publications: Prevent violence in schools. Learners taking action. Learner book, and Prevent violence in schools. Learners taking action. Facilitator and mentor guide. This Learner book contains the workshop materials the learners will need. It is also a stand-alone resource that learners can use for information and advice throughout the action process at school.

  3. Prevent violence in schools: learners taking action: facilitator and mentor guide

    The programme Prevent violence in schools focuses on enabling and supporting learners to take action to prevent violence in their own schools. Programme materials include two publications: Prevent violence in schools. Learners taking action. Learner book, and Prevent violence in schools. Learners taking action. Facilitator and mentor guide. This Facilitator and mentor guide includes: Introduction: background and origin of the programme, description of the different parts of the programme and the programme approach. …

  4. The need to prepare future teachers to understand and combat homophobia in schools

    Teacher training programmes that improve teachers' capacity and confidence to address homophobia in South African schools will engender non-homophobic school contexts. Currently, there is a dearth of educational research on future teachers' preparation for homophobic school contexts. …

  5. When caring is not enough: The limits of teachers’ support for South African primary school-girls in the context of sexual violence

    Between 2011 and 2012, 40.1% of all sexual offences in South Africa involved children under 18. Important scholarship has demonstrated how large-scale social and economic inequalities structure African girls’ risk to and experience of sexual violence leading to a condemnation of violent masculinities and the social processes that produce it. Under conditions of chronic poverty and unstable living conditions, girls’ vulnerability to sexual violence is increased. …

  6. Challenging homophobic bullying in schools

    This guide explains what homophobic bullying is and what teachers, parents and learners can do to make schools safer for all learners. It provides clear and simple steps that teachers and learners can take in challenging homophobic bullying in schools. Reducing violence and homophobic bullying in schools is not only possible but benefits all learners, teachers and the school community as a whole. The basis for this booklet is the understanding that every child in every school has the right to learn free from the fear of bullying regardless of what form that bullying takes.

  7. Assessing school climate towards sustainable learning for all in Sub-Saharan Africa: Perspectives from unstable health to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV)

    The objective of the current study is to explore the use of Rasch scaling technique to construct a Perceived School Disorder Index (PSDI) in order to see if there are ‘stages’ of evolution in a school climate. More specifically, the research questions for the current study are: Which items constitute the PSDI in Sub-Saharan African countries? What profile of behavioural problems are likely to emerge at different stages of the school climate? What were boys’ and girls’ learning outcomes at each stage of the school climate?

  8. Gender-based violence in education

    This paper examines how policies and strategies to address school-related gender-based violence have evolved since 2000, when gender-based violence within education was largely invisible. It traces remarkable progress in research, policy and programmes, particularly since the mid-2000s when evidence around the globe exposed high levels of many forms of violence. However, there is still insufficient knowledge about what works to reduce violence, and weaknesses in processes of policy enactment which inhibit effective action. …

  9. Gender based violence in South African schools

    This paper looks at issues of gender-based violence in the education sector in South Africa through a review of literature and statistics of recent research by international organizations.

  10. Postgraduate educational research on violence, gender, and HIV/AIDS in and around schools (1995-2004)

    Social issues such as HIV/AIDS, bullying, and violence have recently come to the fore in schooling and related research in South Africa. This article describes and critically analyses Masters and Ph.D. research done in education in the period 1995–2004, with particular reference to the voice given to social issues, namely: gender, violence, and HIV/AIDS and their interconnectedness. It explores issues, trends, and patterns in research emerging in the first decade of democracy in South Africa.

  11. Homophobia in schools in Pietermaritzburg: research report

    A previous multi-site qualitative study commissioned by the Gay and Lesbian Network (GLN) explored the incidence of hate crime and homophobia in Pietermaritzburg. The continued attacks on the LGBT community and in particular, the attacks on women perceived to be lesbian, coupled with the xenophobic attacks on foreigners reported in Pietermaritzburg and elsewhere in South Africa formed the backdrop and the impetus of that study. …

  12. Opening our eyes: addressing gender violence in South African schools: a module for educators

    This document supports eight workshops addressing gender-based violence in South African schools and how it is related to HIV and AIDS. It can be used at secondary school level and was developed specifically as a professional development tool to be used at school or district level with teachers, school management teams and school governing bodies in order to tackle gender based violence, which includes rape, sexual harassment and homophobia. This document could be useful for NGO's, educators and other organizations who are working with youth. …

  13. Unsafe schools: A literature review of school-related gender-based violence in developing countries.

    This review has been commissioned by USAID's Office of Women in Development to identify, annotate, and synthesize research studies and projects/interventions addressing primary and secondary school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). The review of the literature looks first at evidence of the prevalence of school-related gender-based violence in developing countries. The second section of the report provides a context for the subsequent discussion of the consequences of school-related gender-based violence for the health and educational outcomes for students. …

  14. HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence: who has the power? A challenge for school management in South African schools

    The crucial distinction between power and force in relation to aggressive masculinity needs to be analysed and understood if preventative intervention is to be successful in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This aggressive masculinity undermines the concepts of negotiation and communication emphasized within most prevention programmes. Two related interventions developed by the Canada South Africa Education Management Programme are also described in the paper.

  15. Safe haven for girls: can teachers challenge gender violence?

    Introduces a manual developed for South Africa on how to hold 8 interactive workshops with school management to increase awareness and mobilise action towards gender violence in schools. This paper discusses current challenges for government to prioritise the problem including making it part of the national curriculum

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