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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Relationship between teachers’ attitude towards teaching HIV/AIDS education and students’ knowledge and attitude towards sexual behaviour in secondary schools in Coast Region, Kenya

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between teachers’ attitude towards teaching HIV/AIDS education and students’ knowledge and attitude towards sexual behaviour in secondary schools in the Coast Region of Kenya. The study used descriptive survey research design. The samples comprised 421 respondents of which 33 were teachers and 388 students in 13 secondary schools. Questionnaires and interview schedule were used to collect the data. The validity of the instruments was checked by the supervisors and other experts in the field of research. …

  2. Effects of peer education intervention on HIV/AIDS related sexual behaviors of secondary school students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a quasi-experimental study

    Background: Worldwide, about 50 % of all new cases of HIV occur in youth between age 15 and 24 years. Studies in various sub-Saharan African countries show that both out of school and in school adolescents and youth are engaged in risky sexual behaviors. School-based health education has been a cornerstone of youth-focused HIV prevention efforts since the early 1990s. In addition, peer-based interventions have become a common method to effect important health-related behavior changes and address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  3. Vivre ensemble : développer des compétences de vie familiale en matière de population de lutte contre le VIH et sida : livret de l’élève 6e et 5e

    Ce document est un support pédagogique qui fait partie d'une collection de six ouvrages déstinés au apprenants du primaire et du secondaire. Il traite des questions liées à l’Education à la Vie Familiale, en Matière de Population et au VIH et SIDA (EVF/EMP/VIH&SIDA). Il a été conçu pour accompagner l'élève dans le processus de construction des savoirs, savoir-faire et savoir-être.

  4. Family life and HIV education for junior secondary schools: students' handbook

    The Family Life and HIV Education for Junior Secondary Schools: Students' Handbook aims to empower young people with the knowledge and skills to live happy and healthy lives. It provides answers to many of the questions young people usually have about the physical and emotional issues they face during adolescence. The handbook covers matters like setting sexual limits, negotiating, making values-based decisions, finding help, and communicating effectively. …

  5. Factors associated with teachers’ implementation of HIV/AIDS education in secondary schools in Cape Town, South Africa

    This study investigated the factors influencing whether high school teachers implemented HIV/AIDS education. The independent variables included constructs derived from expectancy value theories, teachers’ generic dispositions, their training experience, characteristics of their interactive context and the school climate. We conducted a postal survey of 579 teachers responsible for AIDS education in all 193 public high schools in Cape Town. Questionnaires were completed and returned by 324 teachers (56% response rate) from 125 schools. …

  6. Sexual and HIV/AIDS education in South African secondary schools

    Teaching sexual and HIV and AIDS education in schools has been the subject of debate and discussion for a while now southern Africa. The debates have mainly centred around three key issues – at what stage to introduce it, what kind of curricula is appropriate and who is qualified to provide such teaching. South Africa is one the few countries in the region that have made attempts to introduce sexual and HIV and AIDS education at the secondary school level. Although this has had benefits, it has not been without its challenges. …

  7. Do teenagers respond to HIV risk information? Evidence from a field experiment in Kenya

    We use a randomized experiment to test whether and what information changes teenagers' sexual behavior in Kenya. Providing information on the relative risk of HIV infection by partner's age led to a 28 percent decrease in teen pregnancy, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. Self-reported sexual behavior data suggests substitution away from older (riskier) partners and toward same-age partners. In contrast, the official abstinence-only HIV curriculum had no impact on teen pregnancy. …

  8. Living. Skills for life: Botswana's window of hope. Junior secondary school [Teachers' guide + worksheets]

    The materials in this package are designed to support the Ministry of Education's ten year basic education curriculum blue print. It is the stated goal of the Blueprint to build an education system that "nurtures, promotes and sustains skills that will enable young Batswana to meaningfully participate in nation building". These materials are designed to contribute to this goal. …

  9. Living. Skills for life: Botswana's window of hope. Senior secondary school [Teacher's guide + worksheets]

    The materials in this package are designed to support the Ministry of Education's Senior Secondary Curriculum Blueprint. It is the stated goal of the Blueprint to build an education system that "nurtures, promotes and sustains skills that will enable young Batswana to meaningfully participate in nation building". These materials are designed to contribute to this goal. …

  10. Challenges facing headteachers in implementation of AIDS education in secondary school curriculum in Kenya: a case study of Busia, Bunyala and Samia districts

    The purpose of this study was to investigate challenges facing headteachers in the implementation of AIDS education in secondary school curriculum in Busia, Bunyala and Samia Districts and find out how they were coping. Specifically, it focused on challenges in induction of teachers, provision of teaching and learning materials, supervision and evaluation of the teaching of AIDS education. Descriptive survey research design was used in this study. The study population was 56 headteachers, 423 teachers and 9784 students in 56 secondary schools in Busia, Bunyala and Samia Districts. …

  11. Appreciative inquiry into lifeskills-based HIV/AIDS education in South African schools

    With a steady rise in the prevalence of HIV and AIDS throughout the world it has become vital for programme implementers at all levels to ensure that all HIV intervention programmes are effectively put into practice. The present research used qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate the lifeskills-based HIV/AIDS education programme being implemented in primary and secondary schools in South Africa, with special reference to KwaZulu-Natal. …

  12. Our future. Teaching sexuality and life-skills. A guide for teachers using Our future pupils' books.

    "Teaching sexuality and life-skills" is part of the Our future series of pupils' and teachers' books published by International HIV/AIDS Alliance in 2008 . These resources are aimed at teachers and anyone else interested in teaching sexuality and life skills in the community; for example, peer educators, health practitioners, traditional and religious leaders and parents. The series is a result of collaborative work with trainers, teachers and sexual and reproductive health experts in Zambia. …

  13. Focus on youth: an HIV prevention program for African-American youth

    This is an HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) and teen pregnancy prevention programme targeting African-American youth between the ages of 12 and 15. First developed for recreation centres, it has been adapted to school settings. It is the updated version of the Focus on kids curriculum first developed in the 1990s. This curriculum has been thoroughly reviewed and evaluated and has been successfully exported to different cultural settings such as the Bahamas, China, Namibia and Viet Nam. …

  14. Botswana: primary: junior secondary syllabi: religious education

    The content of the revised Three Year Junior Secondary Religious Education syllabus reflects Christianity as the major religion in Botswana whilst accommodating other religions such as Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Baha’i Faith. The content also incorporates emerging and cross curricular issues including human sexuality and HIV/AIDS in relation to religious beliefs. The revised Religious Education Syllabus is suitable for learners of all religious persuasion as it does not indoctrinate nor denigrate other religions.

  15. Life planning education: a handbook for teachers in junior and senior secondary schools

    This teacher's handbook is the result of several discussions on the use of the life planning curriculum in junior and senior secondary school classes. It is written to support teachers with their planning and delivery of life planning education in the classroom. This handbook consists of seven chapters designed to educate teachers about issues related to HIV and AIDS. These are: 1) Human growth and development; 2) Puberty and adolescence; 3) Sexual abuse; 4) Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) 5) HIV; 6) Gender issues; and 7) Poverty. …

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