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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Cost-effectiveness analysis: educational interventions that reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS infection in Kenyan teenagers

    This paper demonstrates a comprehensive and thorough application of an education cost-effectiveness analysis. Two interventions implemented in Western Kenya aimed to reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS contraction in middle school girls. The cost-effectiveness of each intervention is assessed, ex post facto, by combining the results of the two programs’ evaluations with their costs. As few education evaluations consider cost, this article highlights a sound and disciplined method to use when detailed cost information is both readily available and unavailable. …

  2. Determining preferences related to HIV counselling and testing services among high school learners in KwaZulu-Natal: a discrete choice experiment

    A key strategy of the South African national response to HIV is the scale-up of HIV counselling and testing (HCT) in the 15–49 years age group. The integrated school health policy aims to guide the roll out of youth-friendly health services including the provision of HCT in schools. Using a discrete choice experiment to examine preferences regarding the attributes of HCT service packages, this study identifies barriers to and facilitators of HCT among high school learners. …

  3. Relationship between teachers’ attitude towards teaching HIV/AIDS education and students’ knowledge and attitude towards sexual behaviour in secondary schools in Coast Region, Kenya

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between teachers’ attitude towards teaching HIV/AIDS education and students’ knowledge and attitude towards sexual behaviour in secondary schools in the Coast Region of Kenya. The study used descriptive survey research design. The samples comprised 421 respondents of which 33 were teachers and 388 students in 13 secondary schools. Questionnaires and interview schedule were used to collect the data. The validity of the instruments was checked by the supervisors and other experts in the field of research. …

  4. A sexual and reproductive health peer education programme for girls in grades 7 to 9. Mentor’s manual

    This sexual and reproductive health (SRH) peer education programme was developed as part of the Department of Basic Education’s (DBE) Leveraging Partnerships to Achieve the Goals of South Africa’s HIV & AIDS and STI National Strategic Plan 2012–16, otherwise known as Keeping Girls in School. The aim of this component of the programme is to shift social norms and change sexual behaviour by reinforcing and supporting the SRH messages received via the curriculum in order to increase retention and reduce the risk of HIV infection and teenage pregnancy.

  5. Living. Skills for life: Botswana's Window of Hope. Usage guidelines: Junior and senior secondary

    'Guidelines for Using Living: Skills for Life, Botswana’s Window of Hope', has been designed to help teachers use the Living materials in the classroom. They are in response to comments from teachers regarding the lack of clarity on (1) how to use the materials ‘as is’ and (2) how to use them to infuse life skills and HIV and AIDS topics in different subjects. Specifically, these guidelines seek to address two objectives. To help teachers to: 1. Use materials ‘as is’ and through infusion to build life skills; 2. …

  6. School experiences of HIV-positive secondary school learners on ARV treatment in Namibia

    Although the provision of life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) treatment is central to the medical and policy response to the HIV pandemic, relatively little research in the SADC region and in Namibia particularly, attends to HIV-positive people's experiences and the social effects of taking ARV treatment, with children being least focused on. The study from which the paper is drawn contributes to this dearth by examining the experiences of HIV-positive high school learners on ARV treatment in Khomas Region, Namibia. …

  7. Gaps analysis of mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in school curricula in Rwanda: final report

    This study was commissioned following a need to conduct in-depth analysis and document the way HIV and AIDS is mainstreamed in the national school curriculum in Rwanda and formulate comprehensive recommendations to the identified gaps. …

  8. A case study of school support and the psychological, emotional and behavioural consequences of HIV and AIDS on adolescents

    Various studies have reported a huge increase in the numbers of orphaned adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa and its effects on their psychological, emotional and behavioural development. Yet, their needs are seldom recognised or adequately addressed in policy and programmes.This article uses a qualitative study to report the experiences of 11 orphaned adolescents (5 boys and 6 girls aged between 15 and 18 years) affected by HIV and AIDS in a secondary school (in Atteridgeville, Pretoria, South Africa) and the school support provided by them. …

  9. Secondary school action for better health

    Secondary School Action for Better Health (SSABH) is an HIV/AIDS prevention programme for secondary schools developed by CfBT, Kenya and funded by USAID. The programme is being delivered in Kenya by CfBT with Ministry of Education, Science and Technology staff. The goal of SSABH is to motivate students in secondary school towards positive behaviour changes that will improve the management of their sexual lives to avoid HIV risk.

  10. Effects of peer education intervention on HIV/AIDS related sexual behaviors of secondary school students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a quasi-experimental study

    Background: Worldwide, about 50 % of all new cases of HIV occur in youth between age 15 and 24 years. Studies in various sub-Saharan African countries show that both out of school and in school adolescents and youth are engaged in risky sexual behaviors. School-based health education has been a cornerstone of youth-focused HIV prevention efforts since the early 1990s. In addition, peer-based interventions have become a common method to effect important health-related behavior changes and address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  11. Vivre ensemble : développer des compétences de vie familiale en matière de population de lutte contre le VIH et sida : livret de l’élève 6e et 5e

    Ce document est un support pédagogique qui fait partie d'une collection de six ouvrages déstinés au apprenants du primaire et du secondaire. Il traite des questions liées à l’Education à la Vie Familiale, en Matière de Population et au VIH et SIDA (EVF/EMP/VIH&SIDA). Il a été conçu pour accompagner l'élève dans le processus de construction des savoirs, savoir-faire et savoir-être.

  12. Length of secondary schooling and risk of HIV infection in Botswana: evidence from a natural experiment

    Background An estimated 2.1 million individuals are newly infected with HIV every year. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have reported conflicting evidence for the association between education and HIV risk, and no randomised trial has identified a causal effect for education on HIV incidence. We aimed to use a policy reform in secondary schooling in Botswana to identify the causal effect of length of schooling on new HIV infection. …

  13. Senior Secondary Phase: Life skills teachers’ manual grades 11 - 12

    The purpose of the manual is to help teachers to have a better understanding of the presentation of Life Skills as a subject. The main target users of this manual are School Counsellors, Life Skills Teachers and Subject Heads. This manual mainly deals with the presentation of topics in Life Skills in the Senior Secondary Phase.

  14. Junior Secondary Phase. Life skills teachers’ manual grades 8 - 10

    The purpose of the manual is to guide teachers to have a better understanding of the presentation of Life Skills as a subject. The main target users of this manual are School Counsellors, Life Skills Teachers and Subject Heads. This manual mainly deals with the presentation of topics in Life Skills in the Junior Secondary Phase.

  15. Junior Secondary Phase. Life Skills Syllabus Grades 8 - 10

    This syllabus describes the intended learning of Life Skills for the Junior Secondary Phase. As a subject, Life Skills is within the spiritual and ethical area of learning in the curriculum, and has thematic links to other subjects across the curriculum. Under optimal circumstances, this subject needs one period per cycle to be taught comprehensively.

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