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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Harmonizing the legal environment for adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights: A review of 23 countries in East and Southern Africa

    The study reviews the laws, policies and related frameworks in 23 countries in East and Southern Africa (ESA) that create either impediments to, or an enabling environment for, adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights. The assessment resulted in the development of a harmonized regional legal framework, which translates international and regional legal provisions into useful strategies. It gives recommendations based on applicable core legal values and principles gleaned from a range of conventions, charters, political commitments, guidelines and declarations. …

  2. The Sexual and reproductive health needs of very young adolescents aged 10–14 in developing countries: what does the evidence show?

    This report draws on analyses of national survey data and literature review results to provide an overview of the evidence on key aspects of sexual and reproductive health among very young adolescents aged 10–14 living in developing regions.

  3. Strengthening education in West and Central Africa by improving learners’ sexual and reproductive health

    West and Central Africa (WCA) is the region of the world with the largest percentage of young people and the highest gender disparity in education.

  4. Sexual and reproductive health of young people in Asia and the Pacific: a review of issues, policies and programmes

    The aim of the review was to describe the current status of young people’s SRH and policy and programme responses in the Asia and Pacific regions to support evidence informed policy, programming and advocacy. …

  5. The need for reproductive health education in schools in Egypt

    Providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education in schools is a cost-effective way of reaching young people because the majority of adolescents are enrolled in school. This policy brief describes the current state of SRH education in schools in Egypt and presents the rationale and recommendations for improvements. It highlights portions of UNESCO’s guidelines related to SRH education and describes the pioneering work of some nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) working in this field in the country.

  6. Rapid assessment of sexual and reproductive health and HIV policies, systems and services in Grenada

    This rapid assessment was undertaken from August to November 2010 and included within that period research, interviews and report writing. The goal of the assessment was to assess and document: 1. Country progress towards universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) achievement in Grenada, including the status of bi-directional integration of SRH and HIV services; 2. The policy, systems and services challenges to achieving universal access to comprehensive SRH services; and 3. …

  7. Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: a systematic review of published literature

    This systematic review looks at levels of STI awareness, knowledge and perceived risk of school-going adolescents in Europe. Fifteen studies were included, all of which cross-sectional and conducted among 13 to 20 year olds. Awareness and knowledge varied depending on gender. Awareness on HIV/AIDS was high (over 90%) but low for HPV (5.4%-66%). While knowledge that condoms protect against STIs was high, adolescents viewed it as an interim contraception method before using the pill. In this study, knowledge did not translate into safer sex behavior change. …

  8. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

  9. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS: an annotated inventory

    This annotated inventory contributes to strengthening linkages between HIV/AIDS and SRH programmes by providing access to relevant programming tools for fostering such linkages, and pointing out gap areas where tools need to be developed. It reviews tools that link HIV/AIDS with SRH programmes (sexual health, maternal health, family planning and STI management) and conversely, that link SRH with HIV/AIDS programmes (prevention, treatment, care and support). …

  10. How does family planning influence women's lives?

    The paper reviews the research findings and policy options regarding relationships between family planning and women's lives.

  11. Reproductive health programs for young adults: school-based programs

    This paper mainly presents the description of school-based programmes; literature review and programmatic; the process of planning, design, and implementation; the components of a school-based reproductive health programmes; and summary of programmatic recommendations.

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