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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Policy outcome and challenges of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Ghana: what is the role of parliament?

    While considerable progress has been made in the development of policies, legislations and outcome, significant gaps in ensuring universal access to reproductive health and rights still remain. The inconsistency in the Children's Act which stipulates the marriage age at 18 and the Criminal Code which also specifies the legal age of consent regarding sex at age 16 may be a reflection of the increasing numbers of early pregnancies, infant and child mortalities, and high prevalence of HIV among girls and women among others. …

  2. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour in Dodowa, Ghana

    This report presents findings from a study of sexual and reproductive health status of inschool and out-of-school adolescents in Dodowa, Ghana, carried out in 2001. The research aim was to help design a program to address adolescents' unmet needs and promote safer behaviours. The research design used both qualitative and quantitative methods, including focus group discussions, PLA techniques and surveys. Students of Junior and Senior Secondary Schools, out-of-school adolescents, teachers, parents and community opinion leaders were included in the study.

  3. Associations between premarital sex and leaving school in four Sub-Saharan African countries

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family Planning", special issue on "Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa", published in December 2008. As formal schooling spreads within sub-Saharan Africa, a growing proportion of adolescents remain enrolled in school when they "come of age". As a consequence more and more adolescents have to negotiate sexual maturation and sexual initiation in a different context than from that of counterparts in prior generations. …

  4. Advancing reproductive health and family planning through religious leaders and faith-based organizations

    Relationships with FBOs are essential to community-based health work, but can be difficult to forge. Some religious traditions reject the use of contraception. Others may accept family planning within marriage, but do not feel condoms should be distributed to young unmarried people. Some religious leaders believe that prayer is enough to protect their followers from AIDS. …

  5. In this generation: sexual and reproductive health policies for a youthful world

    The report examines how seven countries: the United States, Iran, The Netherlands, Mexico, India, Ghana and Mali have responded to reproductive health needs of their young people.

  6. Why good reproductive health is critical to the well-being of youth [fact sheet]

    The fact sheet first explains why good reproductive health for young people is important and then presents a situation of the reproductive lives of young people today. Lastly, the paper recounts what the international community has agreed to do to support the reproductive health of young people.

  7. Reproductive rights, advocacy and changing the law

    This issue of journal is about reproductive rights, advocacy and changing the law. Papers on abortion cover the role of political parties and political process in changing the law, the role of feminists and doctors in efforts to get hospitals in the context of restrictive law, and efforts to get nurses and other health workers to confront their own prejudices against abortion in order to make service provision women-centred. Two papers delve into the meaning of reproductive health and rights and the role of advocacy in implementing changes in reproductive health law, policies and services.

  8. You, your life, your dreams : a book for adolescents

    The book was written for adolescents aged 14 to 19, to help them cope with challenges and decisions they may face during the transition period from childhood to adulthood. The book presents factual information about the changes that occur during this time of life, and about a range of other issues such as: how to stay physically and emotionally healthy, how to avoid sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy, how to handle pressure to have sex, and how to avoid drug and alcohol abuse. …

  9. Peer approach in adolescent reproductive health education: some lessons learned

    This package is one of a series of repackaged products aimed at alerting users on highly valuable educational resources that exist in the field of adolescent reproductive sexual health. It focuses on the impact of peer education in promoting necessary changes among adolescents in attitudes and behaviour with regard to reproductive and sexual health and is targeted at teachers, trainers, curriculum developers and school administrators. …

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