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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Public discourse on HIV/AIDS: an archival analysis of national newspaper reporting in Uganda, 1996–2011

    Uganda is recognised as an early success story in the HIV epidemic at least in part due to an open and vigorous national dialogue about HIV prevention. This study examined the national discourse about HIV, AIDS, and young people in New Vision, Uganda's leading national newspaper between 1996 and 2011, building from a previous archival analysis of New Vision reporting by Kirby (1986-1995). We examined the continuing evolution in the public discourse in Uganda, focusing on reporting about young people. …

  2. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  3. Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies and HIV in Kenya

    An information campaign that provided Kenyan teenagers in randomly selected schools with the information that HIV prevalence was much higher among adult men and their partners than among teenage boys led to a 65% decrease in the incidence of pregnancies by adult partners among teenage girls in the treatment group relative to the comparison. This suggests a large reduction in the incidence of unprotected cross-generational sex. The information campaign did not increase pregnancies among teenage couples. …

  4. Linking HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Southern Africa 2011-2012. 2011 annual performance report - Lesotho

    This report provides a brief update of the progress made in Lesotho by the partners in the implementation of the EU funded linking HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRH) project in 2011. The project, covering seven countries, was designed to improve capacity of national systems to ensure stronger HIV/AIDS and SRH linkages. The overall objective of the project is to address barriers to efficient and effective linkages between HIV and SRHR policies and services. …

  5. Transitioning of Care and other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

    As the number of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) continues to grow, the need to improve services, policies, and programs intensifies. This technical brief provides guidance for program managers and policymakers in order to develop services for ALHIV and their families/caregivers as they transition toward HIV self-management and adult clinical care. Focusing more specifically on the transitional needs of adolescents vertically infected with HIV, the contents have relevance for those adolescents infected via behavioral routes. …

  6. A novel economic intervention to reduce HIV risks among school-going AIDS orphans in rural Uganda

    This study tested an economic intervention to reduce HIV risks among AIDS-orphaned adolescents. Adolescents (n = 96) were randomly assigned to receive the intervention or usual care for orphans in Uganda. All adolescents in the study received usual care for AIDS orphans in Uganda, which included peer counseling, health education, and scholastic materials. In addition, experimental adolescents received a family economic intervention, which included a Child/Youth Development Account (CDA) and six 2-hour classes on career planning, career goals, microfinance, and financial well-being. …

  7. An action guide for gender equality in national HIV plans: catalyzing change through evidence-based advocacy

    A growing body of evidence links HIV risk with women's social and economic inequality, male norms that drive sexual risk, and the social marginalization of individuals whose sexual identity or behavior is perceived to fall outside accepted norms. In recognition of this, many international donor agencies are funding programs that aim to reduce gender inequality as a driver of the epidemic. HIV service providers are already responding with innovative and often courageous strategies for overcoming gender-based drivers of the epidemic. But more is needed at the national level. …

  8. Kenya national HIV and AIDS communication strategy for youth, 2007

    This Communication Strategy provides a broad framework that will guide communication on youth and HIV and AIDS in Kenya for the next three years. It intends to address needs and gaps in communication programming identified in the areas of knowledge, skills and self-efficacy, capacity, coordination, policy support and utilisation of services. These issues were identified through a situation analysis conducted at the beginning of developing this strategy, and from consultations with stakeholders implementing HIV and AIDS programmes among the youth.

  9. The second Botswana national strategic framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2016

    The purpose of this document is to outline the national priorities for the national response to HIV and AIDS for the period 2010 to 2016. These priorities are based on the evidence accumulated locally and are augmented by international best practices. The overall philosophy behind the Second National Strategic Framework is one of prioritization, focus, and intensification. The overall Goal of the national response is the Prevention of New HIV Infection by 2016 and efforts in each of these priority areas are critical to achieving it. …

  10. Changes in HIV-related knowledge and behaviors in sub-Saharan Africa

    The purpose of this study is to provide strategic information on key HIV-related indicators for program managers and policymakers to monitor and evaluate prevention programs and to design new strategies. The report summarizes levels and recent changes in 69 indicators of HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of women and men age 15-49 in 23 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Data come from the two most recent rounds of population-based, nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted between 1992 and 2006. …

  11. Making Prevention Work: Lessons from Zambia on Reshaping the U.S. Response to the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

    In 2008, SIECUS staff traveled to Zambia with partners from Population Action International to meet directly with those who shape how PEPFAR's mandate is interpreted on the ground and those who experience the impact of that interpretation. …

  12. PILS - Prévention Information Lutte contre le SIDA : Rapport d'activités 2008

    Ceci est le rapport d'activité 2008 de l'association PILS (Prévention Information Lutte contre le SIDA). Après un calendrier des activités de l'année écoulée, le rapport présente la situation sur l'ïle Maurice : statistiques de PVVIH, services de santé mis en place, politique de prévention, levée de fonds...

  13. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About Pregnancy and Their Answers. Vol 4

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  14. Are Africans practicing safer sex: evidence from demographic and health surveys for eight countries

    The authors use repeated rounds of Demographic and Health Survey data from eight african countries to examine changes in and determinants of three HIV risk behaviors: age at first intercourse; number of current sexual partners, and use of condoms. They find some evidence of changes in sample composition, which is easily handled in a multivariate framework, and find evidence as well of changes in how people respond to questions about HIV behavior. …

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