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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. In the absence of marriage: long-term concurrent partnerships, pregnancy, and HIV risk dynamics among South African young adults

    In KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, where HIV prevalence is among the world's highest, a longitudinal qualitative study of partnership dynamics and HIV preventive behaviors was conducted. 47 young adults aged 18-24 participated in in-depth interviews, and 29 were re-interviewed 2 years later. Five analytical domains emerged: primary partnerships, love and romance; secondary partnerships; pregnancy/parenthood; condom use/prevention; and contextual influences, including schooling and future aspirations. …

  2. Prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people in Bangladesh: improving access to life skills based sexual and reproductive health education and condom services for male youth

    Around the world youth often do not have access to basic sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information, skills in negotiating sexual relationships and access to affordable confidential SRH services. They lack proper knowledge about their own or their partners' sexuality, communicate very little about sex in their relationships, and believe in numerous sexual myths. In Bangladesh, youth aged 15-24 years represent approximately one-sixth (23 million) of the total population. …

  3. School-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa

    This supplement of the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health includes contains a series of freely accessible articles on school-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  4. ¿Qué sirve mejor en la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH?

    Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Algunos de los numerosos factores que influyen en la conducta sexual y el uso de protección entre los adolescentes tienen poco que ver con las relaciones sexuales, por ejemplo: la crianza en una comunidad desfavorecida, la falta de apego a los padres o el fracaso escolar. …

  5. Addressing HIV/AIDS through School-based Education Programs

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the political feasibility and the institutional readiness and potential for integration of AIDS educational program in the school curricula in Armenia, and to provide sound recommendation for effective integration of HIV/AIDS education into comprehensive school health education. Because HIV is transmitted primarily by behavior that can be modified (unprotected sexual intercourse and intravenous drug use) educational programs designed to influence appropriate behavior can be effective in controlling the epidemic in Armenia. …

  6. Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health through schools in low income countries: an information brief

    This Information Brief was developed by WHO's Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development to support staff of the Organization and other UN agencies working at global, regional and national levels in promoting the uptake of effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents through schools in low-income countries. The premise of the Brief is that school-based sexual and reproductive health education is one of the most important and widespread ways to help adolescents to recognize and avert risks and improve their reproductive health. …

  7. Changes in Knowledge and Attitudes among Junior Secondary Students Exposed to the Family Life and HIV Education Curriculum in Lagos State, Nigeria

    To address the needs of young people in Lagos State, Nigeria, for information about family life and HIV, the Lagos State Ministry of Education, in collaboration with Action Health Incorporated, began to offer the Family Life and HIV Education Curriculum in government junior secondary schools in 2003. Knowledge and attitudes were measured in a sample of 1,366 students in Lagos State, Nigeria, in November 2004, at the beginning of the school year, and again in July 2005 after receiving a year of the Family Life and HIV Education Curriculum. …

  8. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People: Expanding the Research and Program Agenda

    This paper's focuses on areas of relatively poorly addressed or understood aspects of young people's sexual and reproductive health. The authors propose to argue for the need to supplement our knowledge and programmatic interventions with regard to three specific issues related to young people's lives that need attention: (a) an overlooked sub-population of married adolescent girls; (b) an overlooked behavior of sex without consent; (c) programmatic interventions that work (or do not) in enhancing young people's health and development.

  9. Prevención del VIH/Sida en la escuela: Aporte para un marco teórico. (Des)encuentro entre salud y educación: sentidos, prácticas y tensiones entre instituciones y sujetos

    Estudio sobre la integración de la educación en salud, incluyendo prevención del VIH/sida, dentro del programa educativo. Los problemas de integrar estos contenidos en el currículum y capacitación docente al respecto.

  10. HIV Prevention and Sex Education in Minnesota: What's Being Taught in the Classroom

    HIV Prevention and Sex Education in Minnesota: What's Being Taught in the Classroom is a report providing the results from the 2006 Health Implementation Survey Safe and Healthy Learners Unit HIV Prevention Program from the Minnesota Department of Education. This report attempts to provide some insight into what is taught to Minnesota's public school students in sexuality education classes. …

  11. The Impact of Sex and HIV Education Programs in Schools and Communities on Sexual Behaviors among Young Adults

    Sex and HIV education programs that are based on a written curriculum and that are implemented among groups of youth in schools, clinics, or other community settings are a promising type of intervention to reduce adolescent sexual risk behaviors. This paper summarizes a review of 83 evaluations of such programs in developing and developed countries. The programs typically focused on pregnancy or HIV/STI prevention behaviors, not on broader issues of sexuality such as developmental stages, gender roles, or romantic relationships. …

  12. Promoción de la salud sexual y prevención del VIH-sida y de las ITS en los pueblos indígenas de las Américas: Abya-Yala Kuyarinakui

    Estudio sobre la situación general de las ITS y VIH/sida en pueblos originarios de América Latina. La primera parte del análisis incluye una evaluación doble: por una parte, la constatación de la gravedad de la presencia de estas enfermedades específicas en los pueblos indígenas, a partir de muestras concretas y, por otra parte, las maneras de solucionar el problema que ya los mismos pueblos y sus agentes de ayuda están aplicando. …

  13. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Haiti

    The process of linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS needs to work in both directions: this means that traditional sexual and reproductive health services need to integrate HIV/AIDS interventions, and also that programmes set up to address the AIDS epidemic need to integrate more general services for sexual and reproductive health. While there is broad consensus that strengthening linkages should be beneficial for clients, only limited evidence is published regarding real benefits, feasibility, costs and implications for health systems. …

  14. Balance político normativo sobre el acceso de las y los adolescentes a los servicios de salud sexual, salud reproductiva y prevención del VIH-Sida

    La finalidad de este documento consiste en presentar los resultados del balance realizado por UNFPA de la Ley General de Salud de Perú y el Código Penal, el cual contiene el análisis de los obstáculos y vacíos que presenta el marco político normativo nacional e internacional, así como los avances y desafíos referidos al acceso de las y los adolescentes a estos servicios. Asimismo, se presentan las posibles rutas que se deben seguir para lograr los cambios deseados en la legislación vigente. …

  15. National teacher training HIV needs assessment Malawi, 2008

    The Theatre for a Change Teacher Training HIV Needs Assessment Survey was carried out in June, 2008, in Malawi's nine Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) and the teacher training department of Mzuzu University. A total of 754 pre-service teachers were sampled for the survey, with data triangulated through three research tools: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (SSIs) and activity-based workshops. …

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