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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. What and how: doing good research with young people, digital intimacies, and relationships and sex education

    As part of a project funded by the Wellcome Trust, we held a one-day symposium, bringing together researchers, practitioners, and policymakers, to discuss priorities for research on relationships and sex education (RSE) in a world where young people increasingly live, experience, and augment their relationships (whethers exual or not) within digital spaces. The introduction of statutory RSE in schools in England highlights the need to focus on improving understandings of young people and digital intimacies for its own sake, and to inform the development of learning resources. …

  2. Adaptation in practice: lessons from teenage pregnancy programmes in Sierra Leone

    Sierra Leone has one of the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in the world. Several recent research studies have generated evidence as to why. Drivers of this problem include lack of information, knowledge and skills among girls, their sexual partners and their families; weak institutions and services, such as health, education, social work and justice; poverty and girls’ limited access to assets; widespread sexual violence and exploitation, for which there is both social and legal impunity; and engrained social and gender norms that make girls vulnerable to early sex and pregnancy. …

  3. Implementing a whole-school relationships and sex education intervention to prevent dating and relationship violence: evidence from a pilot trial in English secondary schools

    Adolescent dating and relationship violence is associated with health harms and is an important topic for sex education. School-based interventions addressing this have been effective in the USA, but schools in England confront pressures that might hinder implementation. We assessed the feasibility of, and contextual enablers / barriers to implementing Project Respect, a whole-school intervention.We conducted a pilot trial with process evaluation in six English secondary schools. …

  4. The impact of sex education mandates on teenage pregnancy: International evidence

    To date most studies of the impact of school-based sex education have focused either on specific, local interventions or experiences at a national level. In this paper, we use a new cross-country dataset to explore the extent to which laws on sex education affect teenage pregnancy rates in developed countries. We find some evidence that laws mandating sex education in schools are associated with higher rates of teenage fertility. Parental opt out laws may minimise adverse effects of sex education mandates for younger teens. …

  5. Going beyond biology: The Relationships and Sex Education that young people want and need

    In August 2017, 14 young people from around England met to discuss what high quality RSE meant to them, along with Brook Ambassador and sex positive vlogger, Hannah Witton. The group included four young men, one young non-binary person and nine young women, aged 15 – 18. 50% of the group identified as LGBT+. The first part of the workshop began with a discussion of what makes good RSE. This was led by Lucy Emmerson, National Coordinator of the Sex Education Forum. …

  6. Sexuality education in digital spaces in Asia: Insight report

    With a view to better understanding the scope and opportunities concerning CSE in digital spaces, UNESCO commissioned LoveFrankie to conduct a regional mapping of digital sexuality education initiatives, and to highlight ‘out of the box’ digital solutions to expanding young people’s access to good quality, sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health information. …

  7. Switched on: sexuality education in the digital space

    This technical brief summarises the findings of two reviews commissioned by UNESCO in 2019. The first is a desk review of the evidence for the use of digital resources to deliver sexuality education for young people, conducted by the Institute of Development Studies (UK). The review aimed to explore the extent to which digital content can influence knowledge, attitudes and practices of young people 10-24 years old and the potential for digital spaces to be used to add value to the traditional delivery of CSE. …

  8. Scaling-up normative change interventions for adolescent and youth reproductive health: an examination of the evidence

    Adolescent and youth reproductive health (AYRH) outcomes are influenced by factors beyond individual control. Increasingly, interventions are seeking to influence community-level normative change to support healthy AYRH behaviors. While evidence is growing of the effectiveness of AYRH interventions that include normative change components, understanding on how to achieve scale-up and wider impact of these programs remains limited. …

  9. 'Culturespeak' is everywhere: an analysis of culturalist narratives in approaches to sexuality education in Mozambique

    Building on postcolonial feminist scholars and critical anthropological work, this paper analyses the frequent deployment of the notion of ‘culture’ by decision-makers, educators, international agency staff and young people in the design, delivery and uptake of sexuality and HIV prevention education in Mozambique. The paper presents qualitative data gathered in Maputo, Mozambique to highlight the essentialising nature of culturalist assumptions underpinning in-school sexuality education. …

  10. La pedagogía de la sexualidad: procesos de planificación e implementación didáctica realizados por docentes en Chile

    A pesar de los avances en las últimas décadas, en el mundo aún hay muchos niños, niñas y jóvenes que en su tránsito de la niñez a la adultez reciben información incorrecta o incompleta en educación en sexualidad. Esta circunstancia afecta sus posibilidades de desarrollo físico, social y emocional. Con el fin de atender esta situación, la UNESCO, en colaboración de otros organismos, publicó en el año 2018 el documento Orientaciones técnicas internacionales sobre educación en sexualidad: Un enfoque basado en la evidencia. …

  11. Comprehensive sexuality education in Croatia: overview and the context

    The aim of this publication is to emphasize the importance of implementation of the comprehensive sexuality education in schools in the Republic of Croatia. While keeping in mind the deep division in the society that accompanies this topic, but also the rise of the conservative forces that are trying to promote personal and religious ideas, it is essential to provide education that will help the youth to make a responsible decision, but as well build the society of peace and tolerance. …

  12. Parent’s knowledge, aptitudes and practices (KAP) towards comprehensive sexuality education in secondary school in Rwanda

    In Rwanda, Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) has been subsumed in the new Competence Based Curriculum (CBC) as one of the essential cross cutting components. The aim of the school based CSE is to equip children with knowledge, skills and values in an age appropriate and culturally gender sensitive manner so as to enable them to make responsible choices about their sexual and social relationships, explain and clarify feelings, values and attitudes, as well as to promote and sustain risk reducing behavior (Rwanda Education Board, 2015). …

  13. Why teach sexuality education in school ? Teacher discretion in implementing comprehensive sexuality education in rural Zambia

    Reproductive health problems such as HIV, unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion among adolescents are closely linked to insufficient knowledge about sexuality and reproduction and lack of access to contraceptives. Supported by international agencies, Zambia has introduced an ambitious nation-wide program for comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) to be implemented into ordinary school activities by teachers. The curriculum is firmly based in a discourse of sexual and reproductive rights, not commonly found in the public debate on sexuality in Zambia. …

  14. From ideas to action: addressing barriers to comprehensive sexuality education in the classroom

    Evidence for the positive outcomes of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) on adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) is well documented.

  15. La pedagogía de la sexualidad: procesos de planificación e implementación didáctica realizados por docentes en Chile

    Este estudio se desarrolló con el propósito de producir información para apoyar a quienes diseñan políticas públicas, a las instituciones de formación docente (incluyendo formación inicial y continua) y a escuelas, profesoras y profesores. En particular, se espera que este último grupo vea en este documento un reflejo de su propia experiencia escolar y que encuentre una orientación para mejorar sus prácticas pedagógicas sobre sexualidad.

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