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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Empowering each other: young people who sell sex in Ethiopia

    Sex workers are amongst those most affected by HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues in Ethiopia. Stigma and discrimination towards sex workers affects their ability to access SRHR information, education and services. In 2014, the Link Up project in Ethiopia implemented a model of peer education and outreach to empower young people who sell sex (aged 15 – 24 years) and increase their access to HIV and SRHR services. The Link Up project seeks to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people most affected by HIV. …

  2. Situational analysis of young people at high risk of HIV exposure in Thailand: Synthesis report

    The main goals of this project are to review the situation of young key affected populations (YKAP) HIV risk behaviours in Thailand, review the present policy and programmatic response for YKAP, identify gaps and promising practices for YKAP, and determine strategic future policy and programming interventions for YKAP. …

  3. Rwandan young people's perceptions on sexuality and relationships: Results from a qualitative study using the ‘mailbox technique’

    This study aimed to gain more insight into young Rwandans' perceptions on sex and relationships, which is essential for formulating effective sexual and reproductive health (SRH) promotion interventions. Using a 'mailbox technique', this paper studies the spontaneous thoughts of Rwandan young people on sexuality. Mailboxes were installed in five secondary schools in the Bugesera district and students were invited to write about their ideas, secrets, wishes, desires and fears on sexuality and relationships. Of the 186 letters collected, 154 addressed SRH topics. …

  4. NewGen Asia: Building capacity in emerging young leaders in the HIV response

    In the Asia-Pacific Region, young people bear a large proportion of new HIV infections, and there is a need to consult them about how best to tailor prevention initiatives to meet their needs. In 2010, Youth LEAD, an organization representing young HIV advocates from across the Asia-Pacific region highlighted the need to engage young people more effectively in advocacy and programming initiatives. …

  5. Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    In recent years, UNICEF has worked together with national and local authorities and civil society partners in a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to develop and implement HIV prevention programmes intended to reduce risks and vul¬nerabilities among most-at-risk adolescents (MARA.) This docu¬ment presents programming experiences from seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. …

  6. Rapid assessment most-at-risk adolescents and young people to HIV in Lao PDR

    The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) has a 'latent' HIV epidemic, with rates of HIV estimated at just 0.2 per cent of the total population aged between 15-49 years of age. However, because of its location in the heart of the Mekong, surrounded by countries with high rates of HIV in concentrated epidemics, Lao PDR is believed to be "in danger of an expanding epidemic". More than 50 per cent of the population of Lao PDR is below the age of 20 and adolescents and young people engaged in highrisk behaviour for HIV are an emerging priority across Asia and the Pacific. …

  7. Bio-behavioral study conducted among young people and most at risk populations for HIV infection in Republic of Macedonia in 2007

    This report represents the findings of the second cross-sectional study conducted in 2006, one years after the first study. The behavioral study is conducted among Intravenous Drug Users, Sex Workers, Men having Sex with Men, prisoners, STI patients including the group of young people aged 15-24 and Roma population.

  8. A lo que venga...!: Alcohol, drogas y vulnerabilidad sexual en el Perú actual

    Estudio de comportamiento en grupos de jóvenes de cuatro provincias de Perú: Lima, Callao, Chiclayo e Iquitos. La información ha sido recogida en poblaciones vulnerables y afectadas por el VIH como: travestis, gays, trabajadoras sexuales mujeres, niños de la calle, población privada de libertad, personas viviendo con VIH y personas en rehabilitación por el uso de drogas. Esta publicación permite identificar las principales formas en las que se presenta la relación entre el fenómeno de consumo de drogas psicoactivas no inyectables y la infección por VIH. …

  9. Study of young men's sexual behaviour. Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic. August-November 2004

    This study (one of the few of its kind conducted in Laos) provides a wealth of information on the sexual behaviour of young men, which could guide future HIV prevention programs. While the survey only looks at the attitudes and activities of men living and working in Vientiane, it nonetheless illuminates both important similarities and differences in Lao male behaviour compared to men in other countries, including countries in the immediate region.

  10. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Pakistan: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Pakistan is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  11. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in India: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in India is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  12. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Philippines: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in the Philippines is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

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