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Guided by stakeholder consultation and the review of available research literature, the National Research Agenda provides a guide for Papua New Guinea over the next 5 years. Priority areas for research are under 3 subtheme areas of: i) Increasing knowledge of the drivers of the epidemic and understanding the lives of those directly infected and affected by HIV and AIDS; ii) Evaluating the effectiveness and appropriateness of the National Response to HIV; and iii) Measuring the impact and intersection of the epidemic on sectors and civil society.
The countries in the Western Pacific Region have made good progress in reducing the transmission of HIV and providing services to people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, challenges remain and there are important gaps to be filled. This report documents the achievements and challenges of the health sector’s response to the HIV epidemic in the Region over the past decade. It identifies best practices and important opportunities to further reduce the number of new infections, and prolong and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in the Western Pacific Region. …
This qualitative study aimed to understand how knowledge of HIV and risk perceptiosn influence safer sex practices among female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Focus group discussions and semistructured interviews were used to gather data on female sex workers (FSW) (n=174) from 19 sites. FSWs also completed a structured, demographic questionnaire. Although some FSWs had misconceptions, the majority knew about HIV risk, transmission and prevention methods. …
The report provides an assessment of migration and mobility as key influences on the distribution and spread of HIV in the Pacific. It aims to contribute to the development of multi-sectoral responses required to address the HIV epidemic in the Pacific region and provide impetus for the development of effective and targeted interventions for people on the move. It is a joint UNDP and Secretariat of the Pacific Community report.
This study provides an overview of the situation of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS, and of other vulnerable children. Its purpose is to assist the Government, civil society organisations and development partners in the development of policies and programmes for on-going support, and in the monitoring of community-based assistance to families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. The study is a joint project of the Department for Community Development and the National AIDS Council, supported by civil society organisations and UNICEF.
The importance of designing and implementing successful targeted interventions for sex workers as part of HIV prevention and control cannot be over-emphasised. In almost every country, sex workers comprise a focal point of the epidemic. They are the victims of discrimination, often violently intense, trafficking, legal persecution and societal ambivalence as well as one of the first occupational groups to become heavily infected. The infection passes from sex workers back to their clients and into the general population of women, men and children. One of the clearest public health lessons emerging from the HIV pandemic is that protecting the human rights of sex workers is an important means of prevention.