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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Mainstreaming and partnerships: A multi-sectoral approach to strengthen HIV/AIDS response in India

    This monograph serves as a resource to enable a view on scaled up response through multi-sectoral support for risk reduction and impact mitigation of HIV in India. It draws on key achievements and lessons learnt from NACP I, II and III with regard to mainstreaming. The document focuses on the Department of AIDS Control’s (DAC) current response to the epidemic, which are priorities under NACP-IV and the rationale that guided the development of these priorities.

  2. HIV prevention among vulnerable populations: the Pathfinder International approach

    This publication provides a background in the risks faced by populations especially vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. The document outlines strategies effective in prevention of HIV and AIDS among sex workers, men who have sex with other men, and injecting drug users. Programs described include peer education, comprehensive health services and quality of treatment, provider referral networks, and in-service training and sensitization.

  3. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  4. The HIV and sex work collection: innovative responses in Asia and the Pacific

    The purpose of this resource is to: document and share programming and advocacy experience from across the Asia-Pacific region that can guide programming and advocacy efforts to respond effectively to HIV in the context of sex work; provide detailed case studies that illustrate the ways in which programmes and advocacy interventions were designed and delivered to address various elements of a comprehensive response; identify lessons learned, gaps and challenges and key considerations for strengthening and scaling up comprehensive and effective responses in the region. …

  5. Universal Access for Women and Girls: Accelerating Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for Female Sex Workers and Wives of Migrant Men

    As part of a global initiative to improve women’s access to HIV prevention and treatment services, ICRW implemented a research study to expand the evidence base on access to services for two key populations in India: female sex workers in Pune, Maharashtra and wives of migrant men in Ganjam, Orissa. The main objectives of the research study were to explore barriers to HIV services experienced by the study populations, and based on the findings, to identify entry points for improving HIV services among women in India more broadly.

  6. Responding to the HIV prevention needs of adolescents and young people in Asia: Towards (cost-) effective policies and programmes

    The current paper was commissioned by UNICEF and its partners (UNFPA, UNESCO, UNAIDS) to provide advice to the AIDS Commission in Asia on policy options on how to respond to HIV/AIDS among young people, in response to a 'Policy Options Workshop' which was held in Bangkok on 4-6 January 2007. This paper aims to provide guidance to policy makers on how to respond to the HIV prevention needs of young people in Asia. In particular, it aims to set priorities for action, aimed at preventing major HIV epidemics from occurring or limiting the scope or impact of current HIV epidemics in the region.

  7. Gender and HIV Prevention Education in the Asia and Pacific Region

    This paper is a collection, both previously published and new, describing efforts in the Asia/Pacific region to target young women with HIV prevention health messages. It seeks to provide non-formal HIV prevention educators with information and tools that will help them understand the complexities of gender specific to the region.

  8. HIV/AIDS in Karnataka: situation and response

    This bilingual chartbook is intended to inform a wide audience on the situation of HIV/AIDS in Karnataka and the state's response to the spread of deadly disease. It has been divided into two parts. Part one describes the level of infection and the manner in which it spreads. Part two provides details on the state's programme to confront the disease and the evidence -based planning. …

  9. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in India: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in India is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  10. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: towards a handbook for India. Overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusions/recommendations

    The document, devoted to the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in India, provides critical summary of the results of research already carried out in all related fields and proposes a series of methodological and pedagogical proposals on the topic. Detailed descriptions of case studies carried out among vulnerable and risk population groups are also provided.

  11. Female sex worker HIV prevention projects: lessons learnt from Papua New Guinea, India and Bangladesh

    The importance of designing and implementing successful targeted interventions for sex workers as part of HIV prevention and control cannot be over-emphasised. In almost every country, sex workers comprise a focal point of the epidemic. They are the victims of discrimination, often violently intense, trafficking, legal persecution and societal ambivalence as well as one of the first occupational groups to become heavily infected. The infection passes from sex workers back to their clients and into the general population of women, men and children. One of the clearest public health lessons emerging from the HIV pandemic is that protecting the human rights of sex workers is an important means of prevention.

  12. Community participation in HIV prevention: problems and prospects for community-based strategies among female sex workers in Madras

    This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.

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