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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Improving sexual behaviors among high-risk youth : encouraging condoms and dual protection

    Working through non-traditional providers, PRIME II built on a successful STI/HIV prevention project in the Philippines to improve contraceptive use among youth engaging in high-risk behaviours. Youth exposed to the intervention were significantly more likely to report using condoms and other contraceptive methods during high-risk behaviours than those who were not exposed.

  2. The ABCs and beyond: developing and operations research agenda on comprehensive behavior change approaches for HIV prevention. Report from a technical meeting

    A report of a one-day Technical Meeting organized by the HORIZONS Program in April 2003 with the main objective to develop and set priorities for an operations research agenda on outstanding questions about effective behaviour change strategies for HIV risk reduction, particularly those that focus on what have been called the "ABC" behaviours: Abstinence or delayed sexual initiation, Be faithful/reducing number of partners, and Condom.

  3. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Sri Lanka : status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Sri Lanka is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  4. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Pakistan: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Pakistan is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  5. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in India: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in India is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  6. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Philippines: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in the Philippines is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  7. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: towards a handbook for India. Overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusions/recommendations

    The document, devoted to the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in India, provides critical summary of the results of research already carried out in all related fields and proposes a series of methodological and pedagogical proposals on the topic. Detailed descriptions of case studies carried out among vulnerable and risk population groups are also provided.

  8. Survey on health seeking behaviour of women working in the entertainment sector in Phnom Penh

    The report on a research study to explore the situation of these indirect sex workers, their needs for STI services and possible barriers to accessing STI services conducted by Pharmaciens sans Frontieres. The study revealed that young women working in karaoke parlours and night-clubs were less likely to be aware of STIs and had limited access to STI treatment services. Some were aware about the transmission and prevention of HIV infection and the use of condom as an effective means of preventing HIV, STIs and pregnancy. However, the knowledge was limited and not always correct. …

  9. Training manual. Introduction to HIV/AIDS counselling skills

    Training manual. Introduction to HIV/AIDS counselling skills

  10. Thailand's Response to AIDS: Building on Success, Confronting the Future

    This report, commissioned by the World Bank Office in Thailand as an outgrowth of our participation in the United Nations Thematic Working Group on HIV/AIDS in Thailand, is the work of a team of analysts which visited Thailand in 2000 to consult with government officials, international agencies, non-government organizations and research institutes about their perspectives on the Thai HIV/AIDS control program. …

  11. Reducing girls' vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: the Thai approach

    In Thailand, too many girls find themselves at an early age in the sex industry Young girls are thought to be "safe" and uninfected with HIV, but the risk of infection to them and their clients is very high. This UNAIDS Best Practice Case Study describes some of the responses to that problem, focusing on changing attitudes of girls and their parents to the sex industry, and on providing a means for girls to avoid becoming sex workers through improved education and career opportunities. …

  12. Health, wealth, AIDS and poverty - the case of Cambodia

    This paper explores the nature of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia, its impact on the country's development and its effect on the 40 percent of Cambodians who live below the poverty line. It views AIDS within a wider health context, and explores the socio-economic factors that underlie both the epidemic's development and the shape of the country's response. Finally, it examines Cambodia's options going forward, arguing that future responses will be needed along three tracks - those specific to AIDS; those specific to health; and those with a broad development focus.

  13. HIV/AIDS Prevention in Vietnam: Condom Tunnel Creates Corridor of Knowledge

    HIV/AIDS Prevention in Vietnam: Condom Tunnel Creates Corridor of Knowledge

  14. Fourth AIDS medium term plan 2005-2010 Philippines

    The plan will serve as a blueprint for action in accelerating the country's response to STI/HIV/AIDS during the six-year period. …

  15. Female sex worker HIV prevention projects: lessons learnt from Papua New Guinea, India and Bangladesh

    The importance of designing and implementing successful targeted interventions for sex workers as part of HIV prevention and control cannot be over-emphasised. In almost every country, sex workers comprise a focal point of the epidemic. They are the victims of discrimination, often violently intense, trafficking, legal persecution and societal ambivalence as well as one of the first occupational groups to become heavily infected. The infection passes from sex workers back to their clients and into the general population of women, men and children. One of the clearest public health lessons emerging from the HIV pandemic is that protecting the human rights of sex workers is an important means of prevention.

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