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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Youth in a void: sexuality, HIV/AIDS and communication in Kenyan public schools

    The disappearance of traditional sex education during rites of passage in African societies has left many youth uncertain of where to look for information. Against this backcloth, the objectives of this study were to identify knowledge gaps amongst adolescents in Kenya regarding sexuality, HIV/AIDS and reproductive health. A thematic analysis was conducted of questions posed by 735 school youth aged 12–18 years from Meru and Kajiado Districts. Results show that many questions showed curiosity and anxiousness. …

  2. Gendered perceptions of HIV risk among young women and men in a high-HIV-prevalence setting

    It has become evident that sexual health and HIV-risk behaviours cannot be addressed effectively without paying adequate attention to constructions of gender and sexuality. While the body of literature examining these themes is growing and becoming more nuanced, there is still a significant gap in our understanding of the relationship between gendered sexual identities and vulnerabilities to disease. In particular, few studies have explored how youths themselves perceive this relationship, and how these perceptions may differ among males and females. …

  3. Kenya national HIV and AIDS communication strategy for youth, 2007

    This Communication Strategy provides a broad framework that will guide communication on youth and HIV and AIDS in Kenya for the next three years. It intends to address needs and gaps in communication programming identified in the areas of knowledge, skills and self-efficacy, capacity, coordination, policy support and utilisation of services. These issues were identified through a situation analysis conducted at the beginning of developing this strategy, and from consultations with stakeholders implementing HIV and AIDS programmes among the youth.

  4. Adolescent sexual health in West Africa: rights, realities, responses

    This publication is addressed to people who work with adolescents in West Africa, be it as teachers, nurses or social workers, as activists, politicians or bureaucrats, in national institutions or in international organisations. It draws attention to the rights and needs of a demographic group that is often neglected in social development initiatives. The publication is part of Plan's effort to refocus the lens used to view the African continent. …

  5. The short-term impacts of a schooling conditional cash transfer program on the sexual behaviour of young women

    Recent evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer programs for schooling are effective in raising school enrollment and attendance. However, there is also reason to believe that such programs can affect other outcomes, such as the sexual behavior of their young beneficiaries. Zomba Cash Transfer Program is a randomized, ongoing conditional cash transfer intervention targeting young women in Malawi that provides incentives (in the form of school fees and cash transfers) to current schoolgirls and recent dropouts to stay in or return to school. …

  6. Intervention Strategies that Work for Youth: Summary of FOCUS on Young Adults - End of program Report

    This paper reports on programs that have helped young people in developing countries practise healthier behaviours, including delaying sexual debut, reducing the number of sexual partners, and increasing the use of methods of preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDS. It is addressed to program planners, administrators, policymakers, and donors interested in developing evidence-based strategies and programs to promote better health for youth.

  7. Reproductive health in the Sahel. Youth in danger: results of a regional survey in five West African countries

    Cette étude envisage de comprendre l'importance de la sexualité chez les adolescents, l'évolution et les différences de comportement sexuel, les connaissances et attitudes sur la planification familiale et la santé de reproduction et le SIDA, les différences dans l'utilisation des méthodes contraceptives par les adolescentes mariées et les célibataires au cours des 15 dernières années et enfin par les adolescentes mariées et autres femmes mariées. Les résultats de l'étude montrent la complexité, la sensibilité et l'urgence des problèmes qui se posent.

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