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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. "It's not normal": sexual exploitation, harassment and abuse in secondary schools in Senegal

    “It’s not normal” documents how female students are exposed to sexual exploitation, harassment, and abuse in middle and upper secondary schools. Based on interviews and focus group discussions with more than 160 girls and young women, the report documents cases of teachers who abuse their position of authority by sexually harassing girls and engage in sexual relations with them, promising students money, good grades, food, or items such as mobile phones and new clothes. …

  2. Passing the test: The real cost of being a student

    Gender Based Violence (GBV) in and around schools is now widely recognized as a serious global phenomenon that is a fundamental violation of human rights and a major barrier to the realization of all children’s rights to education. Violence can be perpetrated by students or teachers in or around the school, or by out of school youths and adults who approach students on their way to and from school or demand sex in exchange for money or gifts. Acts of Gender Based Violence are disproportionately directed at girls, but boys and teachers can also be targets. …

  3. They are destroying our futures: Sexual violence against girls in Zambia's schools

    This report examines the problem of sexual violence against girls in Zambian schools. In Zambia, many girls are raped, sexually abused, harassed, and assaulted by teachers and male classmates. They are also subjected to sexual harassment and attack while travelling to and from school. Such abuse is a devastating and often overlooked manifestation of the gender-based violence that occurs in numerous settings in Zambia and other countries throughout the world. …

  4. The scourge of abuse amongst school going children in Swaziland

    The scourge of abuse is at the moment a major challenge to the country's schools and communities at large. This study highlights findings on children vulnerable to abuse, those that are exposed to abuse and the circumstances surrounding such situations. Findings of the study revealed that there is indeed a high level of abuse (+ 60%) among school going children in the country, Evidence of this came from responses given by the students, teachers and community members who participated in the study. Sexual abuse was identified as the most prevalent type abuse, closely followed by physical abuse. …

  5. The leadership role of the principal in dealing with the impact of HIV/AIDS in South African schools

    This study was conducted regarding the perceived problem, of the impact of HIV/AIDS on education management and the self-actualization of teachers and learners and the role of the principal in managing it. It is inclusive of the impact of HIV/AIDS on learner's and teacher absenteeism; and poor discipline, sexual and substance abuse, gender inequality and the spread of HIV/AIDS in schools; the increasing numbers of AIDS orphans and HIV/AIDS-dirupted learners which impact on quality school management. …

  6. The impact of HIV/AIDS on formal schooling in Uganda

    This study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector was part of a three country study (Uganda, Malawi and Botswana) and had three broad aims: To assess the strategies being used to educate students about HIV/AIDS in schools To assess the impact on students as orphans, caregivers and those infected with HIV. To assess the impact on teachers as educators and employees.

  7. The Safe Schools Program: student and teacher baseline report on school-related gender-based violence in Machinga district, Malawi

    The Safe Schools Program has just released the Student and Teacher Baseline Report on School-Related Gender-Based Violence in Machinga District, Malawi which details the methodology, population characteristics, and results of a recently conducted survey on gender-based physical, psychological and sexual violence at schools including in the classroom and on the school grounds as well as going to and from school. …

  8. The Safe Schools Program: a qualitative study to examine school-related gender-based violence in Malawi

    The Safe Schools Program has just released A Qualitative Study to Examine School-Related Gender-Based Violence in Malawi which summarizes the results of a participatory learning and action (PLA) research activity conducted in Malawi's Machinga District to help raise awareness, involvement, and accountability at national, institutional, community and individual levels of school-related gender-based violence. …

  9. The Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on the Education Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. A synthesis of the findings and recommendations of three country studies: Botswana, Malawi, and Uganda

    This report presents the main findings and recommendations of an international research project, which has focused on assessing the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on primary and secondary schooling in three countries, namely Botswana, Malawi and Uganda (BMU). Adult HIV prevalence rates were estimated to be 36% in Botswana, 21% in Malawi and 8% in Uganda in 1999. The report explores the following three areas: student prevention and the impacts on students and teachers.

  10. Findings of a survey of teachers: Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partners in Education (SHAPE 2)

    This study is part of a research strategy to collect baseline data for a newly expanded project carried out by World Education, a non-governmental organization (NGO) established in Ghana in 2001. In partnership with local institutions, World Education strives to prevent the spread and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS in the education sector. In collaboration with 12 civil society organizations (CSOs), activities are carried out in nearly 250 schools in four regions targeting students, teachers and parents through an innovative program, Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education (SHAPE). …

  11. HIV/AIDS and Trauma among learners: Sexual Violence and Deprivation in South Africa

    This article discusses the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in South Africa. South Africa has the fastest growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world. In 2001 over 4 million people were already HIV positive, 56% of them women. It is not yet possible to determine rates of HIV infection in schools and other learning institutions - among educators and among learners. The HIV/AIDS projection model commonly used in South Africa suggests that among 15-19 year olds almost 16% of African females are likely to be HIV positive, compared with about 3% of African males. …

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