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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. COVID-19 - GBV risks to adolescent girls and interventions to protect and empower them

    The gendered impacts of infectious disease outbreaks and their propensity to increase Gender-Based Violence (GBV) have been well-documented in each of the most recent major epidemics - including Zika, SARS and Ebola. Early evidence indicates that COVID-19 is no different in this respect, with GBV providers and community groups reporting a sharp increase in reported incidents of Intimate Partner Violence. Adolescent girls are particularly vulnerable. …

  2. Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP): sexual and gender-based violence; brief, March 2018

    Acceptability and experience of sexual and gender-based violence is alarmingly high among adolescent girls in Zambia. Even more striking is the very young age from which notions of violence are ingrained and experience with violence begins. This brief summarizes the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP) evaluation which demonstrated that in the Zambian context, a program focused on changing norms among girls themselves is not enough to impact attitudes toward and experience of violence. …

  3. Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women's Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS. Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence; Volume Two: Family and Property Issues

    Legislation can be instrumental in impeding or promoting initiatives to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The widespread legal, social, economic and political ramifications of the epidemic make it necessary to review and reform a broad range of laws. Within a context of entrenched gender discrimination, the devastating impacts of HIV/AIDS, widespread poverty and increasing competition for resources such as property and land, legislative solutions to the denial of women's rights are urgently needed. …

  4. HIV and emergencies: one size does not fit all

    The dynamics and impact of HIV in humanitarian crises are complex. They depend on the kind of crisis: is it the result of conflict, a rapid-onset natural disaster (such as a flood or cyclone), or a slow-onset emergency caused by drought or environmental degradation? It also depends on the HIV prevalence rate before the crisis, the political situation, the scale and duration of the crisis, the existing infrastructure and services and the level of awareness of HIV. Case studies from five countries facing very different emergencies and HIV prevalence rates were backed by a literature review. …

  5. Expanding contraceptive options and access for youth: education, services, and products can help protect against unintended pregnancy and STIs

    Education, services, and products can help protect youth against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, but groups should be targeted with appropriate messages.

  6. Maternal health care among adolescents: pregnant adolescents need appropriate services to prevent death and disability

    Pregnant teenagers, who die twice as often during childbirth as women in their 20s, need appropriate services to prevent death and disability.

  7. Reproductive health for communities in crisis: UNFPA emergency response

    This advocacy booklet details UNFPA's work with global partners to respond to the reproductive health needs of refugees and internally displaced persons in crisis situations around the world: providing services to address complications of pregnancy and delivery, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS, adolescent health, violence against women, and access to condoms and other contraceptives.

  8. Families worldwide

    The factsheet addresses the issue of families that: families are diverse; abuse and violations can occur within families; and many children grow up or spend part of their children outside of a family unit. Key actions for governments and civil society are suggested. Statements of international commitments presented at the Convention on the Rights of the Child and ICPD, Cairo 1994 are also provided. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  9. HIV/AIDS, children and adolescents

    The factsheet briefly describes the HIV/AIDS pandemic, mother-to-child transmission, and explains why girls and young women are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection. Key actions in addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic and statements of international commitments presented at the ICPD Plus Five, 1999 and Beijing Plus Five 2000 are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  10. The human rights of children and their sexual and reproductive health

    The factsheet presents the guiding principles with respect to the human rights of children set out by the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and briefly illustrates the disastrous sexual and reproductive health as a result of violations of their rights. Statements of international commitments presented at the Beijing Plus Five 2000 and ICPD Plus Five, 1999 are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  11. Women's empowerment and reproductive health : links throughout the life cycle

    After describing the international consensus reached in Beijing about empowering women and ending gender inequality, and defining key human rights concepts, the report examines key issues related to reproductive health and rights that affect women throughout their lives. Topics covered include: Early life chances, The mutual relationship between reproductive health and education, Adolescence and the transition to adulthood, Marriage and the family, Labour force participation and employment, Reproductive health and violence and Issues affecting the health of older women

  12. Sexual abuse and young adult reproductive health

    This issue focuses on the questions of "What is sexual abuse?", "How prevalent is sexual abuse among young adults?", "How does sexual abuse affect young adult reproductive health?", and "How can the needs of victims of sexual abuse be met?"

  13. Suffering in silence: the links between human rights abuses and HIV transmission to girls in Zambia

    The catastrophe of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in Africa, which has already claimed over 18 million lives on that continent, has hit girls and women harder than boys and men. …

  14. Stop violence against girls in school

    Violence is a major barrier to education for millions of girls across the globe. The prevalence of violence against girls affects both their rights to education and their rights in education, and is the focus of a new ActionAid International advocacy initiative. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including Goal 2 (universal primary education) and Goal 3 (gender equality), make no explicit mention of violence against girls as a critical structural barrier to education (UN 2000). …

  15. Letting them fail: Government neglect and the right to education for children affected by AIDS

    Governments in sub-Saharan Africa have failed to address the extraordinary barriers to education faced by children who are orphaned or otherwise affected by HIV/AIDS. An estimated 43 million school-age children do not attend school in the region. HIV/AIDS has caused unprecedented rates of adult mortality, leaving millions of children without parental care to ensure their access to education. …

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