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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Our Talks: Supporting parent-child communication on sexual and reproductive health and rights

    Our Talks takes a research-informed approach to parent-child communication and sexual reproductive health and rights education as outlined in the section above. It is designed to support families as they increase their dialogue about SRHR through sessions both separately and together. This framework allows for the adolescents and the parents/guardians to think and ask questions about their own concerns related to SRHR while also spending time together connecting on topics that can be difficult to bring up.

  2. Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights: Measuring SDG target 5.6

    The Sustainable Development Goals mark tremendous progress in addressing women’s sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights. For the first time, an international development framework includes not only targets on services (Targets 3.1 and 3.7), but also targets that address the barriers and human rightsbased dimensions (Target 5.6). Target 5.6 on universal access is measured by two indicators designed to complement each other (Indicators 5.6.1 and 5.6.2).

  3. Adaptation in practice: lessons from teenage pregnancy programmes in Sierra Leone

    Sierra Leone has one of the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in the world. Several recent research studies have generated evidence as to why. Drivers of this problem include lack of information, knowledge and skills among girls, their sexual partners and their families; weak institutions and services, such as health, education, social work and justice; poverty and girls’ limited access to assets; widespread sexual violence and exploitation, for which there is both social and legal impunity; and engrained social and gender norms that make girls vulnerable to early sex and pregnancy. …

  4. National sex education standards: core content and skills, K–12

    the National Sex Education Standards aim to: Outline, based on research and extensive professional expertise, the minimum, essential, core content and skills for sex education K–12 given student needs; Provide guidance for schools when designing and delivering sex education K–12 that is planned, sequential, and part of a comprehensive school health education approach; Provide a clear rationale for teaching sex education content and skills at different grade levels that is evidence-informed, age-appropriate, and theory-driven; Support schools in improving academic performance by addressing a c …

  5. Gaps in global monitoring and evaluation of adolescent and youth reproductive health: Research Brief

    Adolescents and youth are a key population for reproductive health (RH) interventions, because young people suffer disproportionately from negative RH outcomes, including acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections; unintended, unwanted, or mistimed pregnancy; unsafe abortion; and gender-based violence. Effective monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of RH interventions designed for adolescents and youth is essential to determine their success and impact and show where improvement is needed. …

  6. Programmatic guidance for sexual and reproductive health in humanitarian and fragile settings during COVID-19 pandemic

    This document provides programmatic guidance to help maintain essential preventative, promotive, and curative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in fragile and humanitarian settings during the COVID-19 epidemic threat and outbreak period; including general guidance, the continuation of sexual and reproductive health services, information and communication, and infection prevention and control.

  7. Adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health and rights services: Key elements for implementation and scaling up in West and Central Africa

    This regional report entitled “Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Services - Key elements for implementation and scaling up in West and Central Africa” is complementary to the previous regional report on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) and documents, through concrete examples from four West African countries (Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal and Togo), highlighting promising practices, lessons learnt, and proposing key recommendations to be shared with all countries in the region.

  8. COVID-19 - GBV risks to adolescent girls and interventions to protect and empower them

    The gendered impacts of infectious disease outbreaks and their propensity to increase Gender-Based Violence (GBV) have been well-documented in each of the most recent major epidemics - including Zika, SARS and Ebola. Early evidence indicates that COVID-19 is no different in this respect, with GBV providers and community groups reporting a sharp increase in reported incidents of Intimate Partner Violence. Adolescent girls are particularly vulnerable. …

  9. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Preparedness and Response: UNFPA Interim Technical Brief

    In the context of COVID 19, with the disruption of schools, routine health services and community-level centers, new ways of providing information and support to adolescents and young people for sexual and reproductive health and rights need to be established. Young people can be an important resource in mitigating risks, and community outreach in this crisis.

  10. The precocious period: the impact of early menarche on schooling in India

    Improvements in childhood nutrition increase schooling and economic returns in later life in a virtuous cycle. However, better nutrition also leads to an earlier onset of menstruation (menarche). In socio-cultural contexts where menarche adversely affects educational attainments, early menarche can thus break the virtuous cycle of girls’ human development. This paper focuses on one such context, India, and uses the Young Lives Longitudinal Study to show that starting menses before age twelve causes a 13% decrease in school enrollment rate. …

  11. Scaling-up normative change interventions for adolescent and youth reproductive health: an examination of the evidence

    Adolescent and youth reproductive health (AYRH) outcomes are influenced by factors beyond individual control. Increasingly, interventions are seeking to influence community-level normative change to support healthy AYRH behaviors. While evidence is growing of the effectiveness of AYRH interventions that include normative change components, understanding on how to achieve scale-up and wider impact of these programs remains limited. …

  12. Does schooling protect sexual health? The association between three measures of education and STIs among adolescents in Malawi

    While multiple studies have documented shifting educational gradients in HIV prevalence, less attention has been given to the effect of school participation and academic skills on infection during adolescence. …

  13. Trends of sexual and reproductive health behaviors among youth in the Philippines: further analysis of the 2008, 2013, and 2017 national demographic and health surveys

    This report examines the trends of sexual and reproductive health behavior over a 9-year period (2008-2017) in the Philippines. The analysis utilizes data from three nationally representative household surveys conducted by The Demographic and Health Surveys Program in 2008, 2013, and 2017. …

  14. Girls' empowerment through Education and Health (ASPIRE) Activity: final report, December 17, 2014-December 16, 2018

    USAID/Malawi launched the Girls’ Empowerment through Education and Health (ASPIRE) Activity in December 2014, beginning a bold cross-sector investment to improve the achievement of girls in upper primary and secondary school in Malawi. USAID’s investment in ASPIRE recognized that for girls’ to achieve academic success, they must enter and stay in school, be learning and safe while in school, and be healthy and supported by their community at all times. Output 1: Reading skills for girls in upper primary school improved. …

  15. Gaps in global monitoring and evaluation of adolescent and youth reproductive health

    Adolescents and youth are a key population for reproductive health (RH) interventions, because young people suffer disproportionately from negative RH outcomes, including acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections; unintended, unwanted, or mistimed pregnancy; unsafe abortion; and gender-based violence. Effective monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of RH interventions designed for adolescents and youth is essential to determine their success and impact and show where improvement is needed. …

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