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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. How reliable are reports of early adolescent reproductive and sexual health events in demographic and health surveys?

    CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut, age at first marriage or first union and age at first birth are among the most widely used indicators of health and well-being for female adolescents. However, the accuracy of estimates for these indicators, particularly for younger adolescents, is poorly understood. METHODS: For each of nine countries in Africa and Latin America, Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from two surveys conducted five years apart were used to examine women’s reports of age at sexual debut, marriage or first union, and first birth. …

  2. Sexual politics and sexual rights in Brazil: An overview

    The objective of this text is to survey the political construction of sexual rights in Brazil working on themes that are especially relevant to the configuration of these rights (reproduction/abortion, STDs/AIDS and sexual diversity), and mapping the main actors, the legal instruments now in place or still being discussed and, lastly, the public policies that have been adopted in the last two decades. …

  3. Prevalence of pattern of risky behaviors for reproductive and sexual health among middle- and high-school students

    This research aimed to establish the prevalence and factors associated with the pattern of risky behavior for reproductive and sexual health (PRBRSH) among secondary education students in Santa Marta, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was done. The PRBRSH was defined as having had two or more out of four possible risky sexual practices across the lifetime. Logistic regression was calculated to control for confounding variables. In total, 804 students reported lifetime sexual intercourse. PRBRSH was reported by 36.1% of the sample. …

  4. Intersexuality and sexual rights in southern Brazil

    This paper reports of the socio‐medical management of intersexuality in a teaching hospital in southern Brazil. Findings reveal that the ‘search for sex’ in the body treats sex as a medical‐diagnostic category constructed during decision‐making negotiations. In the course of the various bodily ‘regulations’ and ‘corrections’ imposed, the insufficiency of a model in which categories are based around a sexual dichotomy is revealed. …

  5. Risky groups, risky behaviour, and risky persons: Dominating discourses on youth sexual health

    Significant public health attention has been focused on the problems of youth sexual behaviour. Empirical public health research in this area has attempted to account for mostly negative sexual health outcomes (e.g. sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies) by examining individual characteristics and risk-taking behaviour. Public health practice has followed suit, focusing primarily on modifying sexual risk behaviour and lifestyle ‘choices’. …

  6. Multifaceted Adolescent Reproductive Health Education Strategies in Panama

    Reproductive health education relates directly to six of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, including that of combating HIV/AIDS. The need for high-impact adolescent sexual and preoductive health care programs has become a primary concern for global health organizations. Regarding HIV/AIDS prevalence, Panama is at a critical point in which the situation can either drastically improve or deteriorate depending on how it is addressed. …

  7. First sexual intercourse and subsequent regret in three developing countries

    The authors analyzed the reasons behind first sex, cases of regret, and the association between reasons and regret. They provided a questionnaire to 8,495 high school students ages 14–18 years residing in the Philippines, El Salvador, and Peru. Sexually active participants were asked what circumstances led them to become involved in their first sexual relationship. They also were asked whether they regretted having already had sexual relationships. …

  8. Prevalence and correlates of sexual risk behaviors among Jamaican adolescents

    Despite high levels of sexual activity and risk behaviors among Jamaican youth, few population-based studies have examined their prevalence or correlates. The prevalence of three sexual risk behaviors was assessed using data from the 2008-2009 Jamaican Reproductive Health Survey on a subsample of adolescents aged 15-19 who neither were in a union nor had a child. Factors associated with the risk behaviors were examined separately for females and males, using bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression. …

  9. The Journal of Sexual Medicine: Findings from the national survey of sexual health and behavior (NSSHB), Center for Sexual Health Promotion Indiana University

    Presentation of a series of nine papers from the National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior (NSSHB), a nationally representative study of the sexual and sexual healthrelated behaviors of 5,865 adolescents and adults in the U.S. Our team, based at the Center for Sexual Health Promotion at Indiana University, and representing the disciplines of public health, psychology, medicine, and gender studies, sought to conduct a study that would provide a contemporary snapshot of sexual behaviors, condom and contraceptive use, and sexual health of the U.S. population. …

  10. How Young is "too Young"? Comparative Perspective on Adolescent Sexual, Marital and Reproductive Transitions

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family planning" published in December 2008 by Population Council. The aim of this article is to know if there is an age to start sexual intercourse, to marry or to bear a child. This study propose a division of adolescence into three age categories -early adolescence (ages 10-14), middle adolescence (15-17), and late adolescence (18-19) instead of using the customary 15-19 to better capture the age-specific variations in the trajectories of male and female sexual, marital and reproductive events. …

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