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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Executive Summary: Sexual risk and protective factors. Factors affecting teen sexual behavior, pregnancy, childbearing and sexually transmitted disease: What are important? Which can you change?

    Executive Summary: Sexual Risk and Protective Factors. Factors Affecting Teen Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, Childbearing And Sexually Transmitted Disease: What Are Important? Which Can You Change? is a document part of the project of the United States National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. It addresses two main primary questions: 1) what factors influence adolescents' decisions about sex? And 2) Which of these factors can be altered? By identifying and targeting those factors it tries to provide information to reduce sexual risk-taking.

  2. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  3. Not Yet: Programs to delay first sex among teens

    Not Yet: Programs to Delay First Sex Among Teens is part of the National Campaign's "Putting What Works to Work" project, an effort to publish and disseminate the latest research on teen pregnancy in straightforward, easy-to-understand language and provide clear implications for policy, programs, and parents. It provides detailed descriptions of teen pregnancy prevention programme that have been shown through careful research to have delayed sexual initiation for teens. …

  4. Promoción de la salud sexual. Recomendaciones para la acción

    El surgimiento de nuevos problemas, en particular la pandemia del VIH/SIDA, ha intensificado nuestra percepción en relación con la urgente necesidad de mejorar los programas de capacitación en sexualidad y de adoptar un enfoque mucho más concertado e integral de los problemas relativos a la misma. …

  5. Sexualidad adolescente: un estudio sobre conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas

    Estudio sobre comportamiento sexual de jóvenes y adolescentes del cantón de Golfito, Costa Rica. A fin de redefinir el Programa de Atención Integral a la Adolescencia (PAIA) llevado a cabo por el gobierno costarricense. Definición del proyecto de salud sexual y reproductiva para adolescentes. Se identifican los problemas y riesgos de este grupo (poco acceso a educación secundaria, falta de trabajo, drogadicción, entre otros), comportamiento y creencias. …

  6. Estado del arte: investigación sobre sexualidad y derechos sexuales en Chile (1990-2002)

    Este libro busca relevar la importancia que han adquirido en el transcurso de una década los estudios sobre sexualidad y derechos sexuales en Chile. La sexualidad constituye una de las materias de discusión pública que ha concitado el interés de diversos actores e instituciones en los noventa, desde el momento mismo de la transición de la dictadura a la democracia. …

  7. Revista Observatorio de Juventud. Juventud y sexualidad. Transformaciones en el nuevo milenio

    Número de la revista Observatorio de Juventud dedicada al tema de juventud y sexualidad. Contiene los siguientes artículos: - Sexualidad juvenil y cultura en el Chile actual. Reflexiones desde el campo de la antropología, por Andrea Aravena R. - Trayectorias sexuales, vínculos y contextos en la generación que hace su entrada en la sexualidad activa en democracia, por Irma Palma. - De la vulnerabilidad a los escenarios culturales: Algunos elementos para una cartografía de las sexualidades juveniles y su relación con el auto-cuidado y el riesgo, por Christian Paulo Madrid. …

  8. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  9. Maternal health care among adolescents: pregnant adolescents need appropriate services to prevent death and disability

    Pregnant teenagers, who die twice as often during childbirth as women in their 20s, need appropriate services to prevent death and disability.

  10. Nonconsensual sex among youth: youth programs need to consider patterns of coerced sex when addressing reproductive health, HIV prevention, and other needs

    The fact sheet suggests that programmes need to consider patterns and consequences of coerced sex when addressing reproductive health, HIV prevention, and other needs of young people.

  11. Abstinence and delayed sexual initiation

    Promoting abstinence is an important strategy that can help delay sexual activity, but complementary messages are needed for those who are sexually active.

  12. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  13. Applying social franchising techniques to youth reproductive health/HIV services

    The paper examines what role social franchising might have in expanding reproductive health and HIV services for youth. Four types of social franchising models for youth: joint venture, community, private provider, and governmental are described including observations and suggestions for next steps in the field of social franchising and youth. This paper challenges those working with youth to consider how to apply to their youth programmes the techniques used by social franchising programmes designed for adults.

  14. Comprehensive counseling for reproductive health : an integrated curriculum: participant's handbook

    The curriculum on counselling for reproductive health is intended for heath care providers, supervisors, and the managers for the programmes in which they work. The curriculum aims to help in developing knowledge about, skills in, attitudes toward, and comfort with effective communication and counselling in all areas of reproductive health, including sexuality. The counselling skills addressed are relevant to the provision of both preventive and curative health services through the particiapants' national health systems.

  15. HIV/AIDS prevention guidance for reproductive health professionals in developing-country settings

    This document is designed to provide an overview of the issues of HIV/AIDS, challenges, and opportunities around integrating a broad range of HIV/AIDS interventions into existing reproductive and sexual health programmes and services, and to provide some practical examples of interventions that have been successful.

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