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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV and adolescents: focus on young key populations

    Adolescents and young adults are at increased risk for HIV due to the many developmental, psychological, social, and structural transitions that converge in this period of the lifespan. In addition, adolescent deaths resulting from HIV continue to rise despite declines in other age groups. There are also young key populations (YKPs) that bear disproportionate burdens of HIV and are the most vulnerable, including young men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender youth, young people who inject drugs, and adolescent and young adult sex workers. …

  2. Community leadership and advocacy framework and resource guide: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity in islands of Southeast Asia

    The Islands of Southeast Asia Network on Male and Transgender Sexual Health (ISEAN) Community Leadership and Advocacy Framework is intended for use as a template for subregional and national advocacy to improve HIV prevention and care among MSM and transgender people. It sets out five Key Domains for Advocacy, provides suggestions for partnerships that would make advocacy more successful and outlines some indicative advocacy strategies. …

  3. Teen talk : a guide for positive living

    This question and answer guide for HIV-positive adolescents covers a variety of topics, including ARVs, adherence, friendship, nutrition, exercise, reproductive health, positive prevention, multiple concurrent partnerships, safe male circumcision, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, emotions, and disclosure.

  4. Transactional sexual relationships, sexually transmitted infection risk, and condom use among young Black Women in peri-urban areas of the Western Cape Province of South Africa

    This study evaluated the relationship between having a history of transactional sexual relationships with condom use and STI risk. Participants completed a behavioral questionnaire and provided self-collected vaginal swabs which were tested for chlamydia trachomatis, neisseria gonorrhea, and trichomonas vaginalis. Multinomial logistic regression was used to compare condom use rates and STI risk among women with a history of transactional sexual relationships to women with a history of casual sexual relationships and those with no history of casual sexual relationships. …

  5. Self-reported sexual behaviour among adolescent girls in Uganda: reliability of data debated

    The objective of this study was to compare self-reported information about sexual behavior in a research interview to information retrieved during a clinical consultation. Social workers interviewed 595 sexually experienced women below 20 years about genital symptoms and sexual behavior. A midwife interviewed and examined the women and took vaginal samples for gonorrhea and chlamydia. Four questions were embedded in both the social workers' interviews and among the midwife's questions. …

  6. I expect to be abused and I have fear: Sex workers' experiences of human rights violations and barriers to accessing healthcare in four African countries

    This report documents human rights violations experienced by female, male and transgender sex workers in four African countries (Kenya, Uganda, South Africa and Zimbabwe), and describes barriers they face to accessing health services. Through cross-country comparison and documenting sub-regional trends, the study moves beyond previous often-localised descriptions of violations against sex workers in Africa. The study also fills information gaps about violations in male and transgender sex workers in this setting.

  7. Key populations, key responses: a gap analysis for key populations and HIV in South Africa, and recommendations for the National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (2012-2016)

    In June 2011, South Africa signed the United Nations Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS: Intensifying our Efforts to Eliminate HIV/AIDS which explicitly outlined commitment for all UN member states to address the inadequacy of HIV prevention strategies, focusing on men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW) and to improve access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for migrant populations. …

  8. Integrated Management of Childhood Illness for high HIV settings chart booklet

    The International Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) chart booklet is a guide for first-level health workers on assessment, management and follow up of common childhood illnesses including pneumonia, malaria, diarrhea, ear infections, severe malnutrition and measles. The modified IMCI chart booklet for high HIV settings addresses the same problems, including identification and management of HIV-related conditions such as skin and mouth conditions. …

  9. Peer and Outreach Education for Improving the Sexual Health of Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Reference Manual for Peer and Outreach Workers

    This manual is designed specifically for improving sexual health of men who practice sexual intercourse with other men. It also serves as a reference for peer and outreach workers. This manual provides basic information on areas such as HIV transmission/prevention, sexually transmitted infections, condoms/lubricants, health issues on transgendered/transsexual, drugs used by men and advices on dealing with issues that may come up concerning being involved with men, and information for treatment, care, and support.

  10. Adolescent refugees and migrants: a reproductive health emergency

    This publication from Pathfinder International outlines the specific reproductive health needs of this cadre of adolescents and the programmatic responses that can be used to reach them.

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