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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Developing guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education

    Educators, service providers, and health professionals worldwide are advocating that young people receive comprehensive sexuality education to help them become sexually healthy adults and to help them practice safer sexual behaviors, delay the onset of sexual intercourse, and reduce unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates. Though there is often consensus that young people should receive such education, few actually do. This is primarily due to a lack of understanding and consensus about sexuality education goals, components, and standards. …

  2. Bridging the Gap: IEC 4 LGBTI. Handbook to support strengthening of organisational capacity in developing information, education and communication (IEC) materials for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa

    The ‘Bridging the Gap: IEC 4 LGBTI’ Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective IEC materials. Recognising and addressing the needs of LGBTI in southern Africa is a relatively new field for many organisations. …

  3. Measuring adolescent women’s sexual and reproductive health within a rights-based framework: Developing and applying an index

    To explore the feasibility of creating an easy-to-use summary data tool from survey data, we combined 16 indicators into an index measuring four dimensions of adolescent women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. The index was tested using data from 30 countries that had relatively recent nationally representative surveys and were distributed across four regions. The resulting index, denoted by the summary acronym AISAR, examines adolescents’ access to information and services, agency in sexual activity and health, and perceptions of rights within marriage. …

  4. Sexual health media resource pack

    The Sexual Health Strategy identifies the media as a means to communicate on sexual health in an effective and responsible way. Evidence shows that the media is a useful means to provide information to the general public. The type of media used will depend on the identified target audience. Unbalanced or inaccurate media messages can lead to pressures and confusion over the realities of sex and sexuality particularly for young people. Hence we cannot stop emphasizing the need and importance of the media to be trained on where to seek reliable sources of information and advice. …

  5. A pocket guide of youth friendly services for service providers in Botswana

    This guide seeks to assist health workers and other service providers to strengthen ASRH services to be provided and offered to young persons both male and females regardless of their status or background. It will assist health workers and other service providers to strengthen ASRH services provided to young people.

  6. Community leadership and advocacy framework and resource guide: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity in islands of Southeast Asia

    The Islands of Southeast Asia Network on Male and Transgender Sexual Health (ISEAN) Community Leadership and Advocacy Framework is intended for use as a template for subregional and national advocacy to improve HIV prevention and care among MSM and transgender people. It sets out five Key Domains for Advocacy, provides suggestions for partnerships that would make advocacy more successful and outlines some indicative advocacy strategies. …

  7. Teen talk : a guide for positive living

    This question and answer guide for HIV-positive adolescents covers a variety of topics, including ARVs, adherence, friendship, nutrition, exercise, reproductive health, positive prevention, multiple concurrent partnerships, safe male circumcision, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, emotions, and disclosure.

  8. Guidelines for counselling youth on sexuality

    Nearly half of the people in the world are under the age of 25, with one in three people aged between 10 and 24 years. Youth are most at risk of HIV infection and other sexual health problems. These include unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The HIV pandemic has made us think about how and when to have sex in a way that is healthy for our partners and ourselves. This includes knowing how to say 'no' to sex when we do not want it. Many youth have a lot of knowledge about HIV prevention, but this knowledge is not always right. …

  9. Making the case for interventions linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV in proposals to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

    This document is designed to provide support for those who are writing HIV-related proposals to be submitted to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund). It focuses upon specific sexual and reproductive health interventions that build upon successes and make good programmes even better through a holistic approach to HIV. This approach provides opportunities to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, as well as maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. …

  10. Adolescent Job Aid: a handy desk reference tool for primary level health workers

    This publication is intended for health workers who provide primary care services (including promotive, preventive and curative health services) to adolescents. The purpose of this document is to enable health workers to respond to adolescents more effectively and with greater sensitivity. To do this, it provides precise guidance on how to deal with adolescents when they present with a problem regarding their health and development.

  11. Linking sexual and reproductive health and gender programs and services with prevention of HIV/STI

    This document, targeted at health sector decision makers and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV/STI program and service managers, is the fruit of a series of intensive expert consultations organized by PAHO over the course of several months, with the participation of other United Nations agencies. This process has been geared to developing a work approach that not only increases the coverage of these programs and services but makes them more accessible to the segments of the population that need them the most. …

  12. Integrated Management of Childhood Illness for high HIV settings chart booklet

    The International Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) chart booklet is a guide for first-level health workers on assessment, management and follow up of common childhood illnesses including pneumonia, malaria, diarrhea, ear infections, severe malnutrition and measles. The modified IMCI chart booklet for high HIV settings addresses the same problems, including identification and management of HIV-related conditions such as skin and mouth conditions. …

  13. Peer and Outreach Education for Improving the Sexual Health of Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Reference Manual for Peer and Outreach Workers

    This manual is designed specifically for improving sexual health of men who practice sexual intercourse with other men. It also serves as a reference for peer and outreach workers. This manual provides basic information on areas such as HIV transmission/prevention, sexually transmitted infections, condoms/lubricants, health issues on transgendered/transsexual, drugs used by men and advices on dealing with issues that may come up concerning being involved with men, and information for treatment, care, and support.

  14. A journalist's guide to sexual and reproductive health in East Africa

    Sexual and reproductive health encompasses health and well-being in matters related to sexual relations, pregnancies, and births. It deals with the most intimate and private aspects of people's lives, which can be difficult to write about and discuss publicly. As a result, the public misunderstands many sexual and reproductive health matters. In addition, cultural sensitivities and taboos surrounding sexuality often prevent people from seeking information and care and preclude governments from addressing the issues. …

  15. Tool to assess the characteristics of effective sex and STD/HIV education programs

    This tool is an organized set of questions designed to help practitioners to select, adapt, develop and implement more effective pregnancy, STI and HIV prevention programmes in their communities. It is based on the report, "Sex and HIV Education Programs for Youth: Their Impact and Important Characteristics", which identified 17 common characteristics of programmes found to be effective in changing behaviour that leads to STI, HIV and unplanned pregnancy among young people. …

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