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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of key populations in Latin America and the Caribbean

    In recent years, Latin America and the Caribbean have seen progress in stemming the impact of HIV. Increased access to treatment, rapid testing technologies, coordinated prevention and education efforts, and the virtual elimination of mother-to-child transmission have helped reduce the overall HIV prevalence rate. While encouraging, this figure masks serious, localized epidemics. While HIV prevalence is generally low, prevalence among key affected populations—such as men who have sex with men, transgender women, and sex workers—is particularly high. …

  2. Recomendações para a atenção integral a adolescentes e jovens vivendo com HIV/Aids

    A epidemia de aids entre adolescentes e jovens, ao longo dos últimos 30 anos, mantém-se como um desafio para os profissionais de saúde, tanto no campo da prevençăo de novos casos, como no campo do tratamento, especialmente em funçăo da tendęncia ao aumento da prevalęncia da infecçăo pelo HIV na populaçăo jovem. …

  3. Strengthening national responses to HIV and adolescents in emergency situations: lessons learned from Côte d'Ivoire and Haiti

    many years, and a growing number of organizations are including a focus on young people, HIV/ASRH and humanitarian settings into their work. Despite this, however, there is on‐going concern that young people in general, and adolescents in particular (10-19 years) do not receive sufficient ttention in humanitarian settings, and that this has both important immediate implications for their health during the emergencies, and also much longer-term implications for them, their families and their communities. This report aims to respond to these concerns. …

  4. High income countries issue brief: rights of children and young people to access HIV-related services

    This brief focuses on the rights of children (minors under the age of 18 years) in high-income countries to access health services related to HIV prevention – in particular sexual and reproductive health services, and harm reduction services and drug treatment services. …

  5. Access to safe abortion: building choices for women living with HIV and AIDS

    In many areas of the world where HIV prevalence is high, rates of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion have also been shown to be high. Of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008, 41% were reported as unintended or unplanned, and approximately 50% of these ended in abortion. …

  6. Incorporating sexual and reproductive health into emergency preparedness and planning: lessons learned from national-level efforts in Haiti, Uganda and South Sudan

    This report reviews recent Women’s Refugee Commission sexual and reproductive health activities (SRH) in Haiti, Uganda and South Sudan. It considers the impact of advocacy, training and planning activities related to emergency preparedness and planning specific to SRH. The report then offers lessons learned and recommendations for improving steps towards SRH emergency preparedness at the national level. …

  7. Sexual and reproductive health for young HIV positive adolescents: the club concept in support groups

    This manual is for people who work with young adolescents. It provides them with knowledge and materials to create support groups (clubs) for HIV-positive adolescents to arm them with information to make healthy choices.

  8. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Women and Youth in the Context of Climate Change

    The effects of climate change can hamper access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. This restricts women and young people's options to plan families, and limits a community's ability to respond to climate change. SRH and climate change movements should work together to ensure women and youth access to SRH and mitigate climate change.

  9. Dignity denied: violations of the rights of HIV-positive women in Chilean health facilities

    Dignity Denied documents the systemic discrimination and abuse that HIV-positive women endure in Chilean health facilities. Based on women's testimonies and those of healthcare providers, this report exposes the discriminatory and often dehumanizing experiences that Chilean women living with HIV/AIDS face when seeking healthcare, including failures to protect patient confidentiality, lack of adequate pre- and post-test counseling, delayed or abusive treatment, pressure to not bear children, and coercive and forced sterilization.

  10. Combining Community Approaches and Government Policy to Prevent HIV Infection in the Dominican Republic

    A recent Horizons study conducted jointly with two Dominican NGO - Centro de Orientación e Investigación Integral (COIN) and Centro de Promoción e Solidaridad Humana (CEPROSH) - and the National Program for the Control of STDs and AIDS (DIGECITSS) assessed the impact of two environmental-structural models in reducing HIV-related risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic and compared their cost-effectiveness. …

  11. Preventing HIV/AIDS and Promoting Sexual Health Among Especially Vulnerable Young People

    In 1999, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) funded a five-year programme of research into young people's sexual and reproductive health in poorer country settings.Entitled the Safe Passages to Adulthood programme, and co-ordinated jointly by the centre for Sexual Health Research at the University of Southampton, the Thomas Coram Resaerch Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London and the Centre for Population Studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the programme supports research to enable young people to improve their sexual and reprodu …

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