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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. State of world population 2018: the power of choice: reproductive rights and the demographic transition

    The global trend towards smaller families is a reflection of people making reproductive choices to have as few or as many children as they want, when they want. When people lack choice, it can have a long-term impact on fertility rates, often making them higher or lower than what most people desire.

  2. Adolescent women’s need for and use of sexual and reproductive health services in developing countries

    With this report, the authors aim to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the use of sexual and reproductive health services by adolescent women aged 15–19 in the developing world. Using reliable nationally representative surveys in 70 countries, the report presents 30 indicators that cover a wide range of topics related to the sexual and reproductive health of adolescent women. Chapter 2 outlines the methods and data sources used for this report. Chapter 3 focuses on marriage, sexual activity and contraception. …

  3. Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of adolescent pregnancy. State of world population 2013

    Every day in developing countries, 20,000 girls below age 18 give birth. Nine in 10 of these births occur within marriage or a union. This has consequences on the health, education, employment and rights of an untold millions of girls. What are the challenges of adolescent pregnancy, and what can we do to ensure girls have a healthy and safe transition into adulthood?

  4. Analysis of services to address gender-based violence in three countries

    In 2010, AIDSTAR-One conducted case studies in three countries where GBV services were available. …

  5. Cost and cost effectiveness analysis of school-based sexuality education in six countries: full report + School-based sexuality education programmes: a cost and cost-effectiveness analysis in six countries. Executive summary

    Costing and cost-effectiveness data for HIV prevention programmes are important tools for decision-makers. In many countries, HIV prevention efforts for young people have increasingly focused on schools, with many ministries of education in the process of scaling up school-based sexuality education programmes. However, most ministries of education are implementing programmes without an adequate understanding of how much the programmes cost per learner or per HIV/STIs or unintended pregnancy averted. …

  6. Levers of success: case studies of national sexuality education programmes

    A growing body of evidence exists to demonstrate what constitutes an effective school-based sexuality education programme. The factors that contribute to successful implementation of effective school-based sexuality education at regional, country or local levels - so-called "levers of success" - are less clear. These are the focus of this publication. The term levers of success is used to describe the conditions and actions that have been found to be conducive to the introduction or implementation of sexuality education. Such levers are both general and specific. …

  7. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  8. State of world population 2003. Making 1 billion count: investing in adolescents' health and rights

    This year's State of the World Population report examines the adolescents' condition, in the context of changing social norms and lifestyles, including weakening of family support systems, amid globalization and urbanization. The report provides country-specific examples of projects that combine life skills education, including sexuality education, and peer counselling with access to services and points out the high costs and social consequences of failing to adequately meet adolescents' reproductive health and rights.

  9. In this generation: sexual and reproductive health policies for a youthful world

    The report examines how seven countries: the United States, Iran, The Netherlands, Mexico, India, Ghana and Mali have responded to reproductive health needs of their young people.

  10. Partnering: a new approach to sexual and reproductive health

    "Partnering" shows how a global consensus is emerging on how to scale up successful programmes that involve men without diverting scarce resources from women's health. In fact, men are more and more taking ownership of mobilization and advocacy for the emergence of a more gender equitable young man.

  11. Impact of HIV and sexual health education on the sexual behaviour of young people: a review update

    The present review assesses the effects of HIV/AIDS and sexual health education on young people's sexual behaviour. …

  12. Working with men for HIV prevention and care

    Le rôle que les relations de genre jouent dans la propagation du virus est de plus en plus connu. En exemple, dans le monde entier, les femmes sont moins nombreuses que les hommes à être en position de décider de quand et comment avoir les relations sexuelles. De même, Il apparaît clair que les femmes ne peuvent pas changer les relations dominantes de genre, qui prévaut actuellement, sans le concours de leurs partenaires masculins. Ainsi, l'engagement des hommes est un élément essentiel dans la prévention du VIH. Ce document vise à aider ceux qui travaillent avec les hommes dans le contexte de la santé sexuelle et de reproduction en général et celui de la prévention du VIH en particulier. Il examine 12 projets dont le celui de Papai. Ce dernier travaille avec les jeunes hommes de Recife au Brésil à promouvoir la participation à la santé, l'éducation et la prise en charge des enfants. L'analyse des stratégies de ces jeunes et des leçons à retenir devrait générer les besoins communs vitaux des hommes par rapport au VIH/SIDA et à leur santé et donner une idée des approches de travail efficaces avec les hommes.

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