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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Strengthening comprehensive sexuality education for young people in school settings in Zambia: a review and documentation of the scale-up process

    This report documents progress on implementation of a Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)-funded UNESCO project that aims to strengthen sexuality education programmes for young people in school settings in Zambia. The project was conceptualized in line with the country’s thematic focus on broader economic and social development and is expected to reach all 9,000 government schools, 1,749,664 learners representing 100% of grades 5 to 12 learners, 40,000 in-service teachers, and 20,000 preservice teachers. …

  2. School-based sexual health education interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    The authors reviewed evaluations of school-based sexual health education interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to assess effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted infections and promoting condom use.

  3. Young key populations and young people living with HIV and AIDS in Vietnam

    The aim of the program is to create enabling and empowering environment in the selected countries to enhance the engagement of young key populations in the Global Fund processes at country level, with following specific objectives: (i) To synthesize and generate strategic information in relation to HIV and young people to inform the National Strategic Plan review and Investment Cases; (ii) Ensure youth partners have the skills and knowledge to influence the country dialogue for adequately resourced HIV responses for young people; and (iii) Ensure programmes funded through the NFM targeting you …

  4. Sexual and reproductive health of young people in Asia and the Pacific: a review of issues, policies and programmes

    The aim of the review was to describe the current status of young people’s SRH and policy and programme responses in the Asia and Pacific regions to support evidence informed policy, programming and advocacy. …

  5. Status report adolescents and young people in sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and challenges

    Nearly half of the world's population, some 3 billion people, is under the age of 25. As the largest generation ever of young people, investments in their health and well-being are crucial so they can make a positive transition into adulthood and fully contribute to the economic and social development of their families, communities and nations. But in order to develop strategies and mobilize financial resources to support adolescent and youth development, decisionmakers need reliable, up-to-date demographic, health, education and socioeconomic data about young people. …

  6. Who are we failing? How marginalisation and vulnerability affect adolescents' needs for and access to SRHR

    This report summarises a rapid review carried out by Interact Worldwide and funded by Countdown 2015 Europe. The review addresses the perception that, in the context of SRHR, all adolescents are equally ‘marginalised’ and ‘vulnerable’ due to their age. It explores how such a general assertion neglects the dramatically different situations and experiences of adolescents throughout the world: in reality, not all are equally ‘marginalised’ or ‘vulnerable’. The review asks Who are we failing and why? …

  7. Regional issues brief: Children, HIV and the law

    This regional issues brief was prepared for the Africa Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law which took place on 4 August 2011 in Pretoria, South Africa. The brief examines legal responses to children and HIV in Africa including: Prohibiting discrimination; Access to treatment; Access to sexual and reproductive rights; Access to HIV information and education; Access to harm reduction measures; Guardianship, property rights and social protection.

  8. Investing in youth for national development

    Despite the commitment of many policymakers and advocates to addressing the ever-increasing sexual and reproductive health needs of youth, calls for appropriate programs, services, and funding have gone largely unanswered. Youth around the world remain at high risk of unplanned pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted infections, even though many small-scale programs are ready for scale up and would help youth achieve their potential and help nations achieve their development goals. …

  9. Sexual and reproductive health rights of adolescents living with HIV

    The International HIV/AIDS Alliance have carried out a literature review of the sexual and reproductive health rights of adolescents living with HIV. The study found that adolescents living with HIV have largely been left out of the national responses to HIV/AIDS in low-income settings. Their needs differ from those of adults living with HIV and they face many challenges, including serious service access barriers that require greater attention and advocacy. In most low-income countries health systems have not been designed and do not have the capacity to meet their specific needs. …

  10. Generating demand and community support for sexual and reproductive health services for young people: a review of the literature and programmes

    To support the health sector in identifying and implementing a few strategic, do-able, evidence-based interventions to create demand for sexual and reproductive health services by adolescents who need them and to stimulate community acceptance and support for their provision, a global review of the evidence was compiled. Using a standard methodology, evidence from thirty studies was reviewed on interventions for generating demand through the provision of information, education and communication via several different channels. …

  11. Diagnóstico Sobre la Oferta de Servicios de Salud Sexual y Reproductiva en Adolescentes

    Estudio y evaluación de los servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva para adolescentes en Perú. Se caracteriza a este grupo en particular en Perú y se describe el marco legal y de derechos existente en el país. Además se analiza la percepción de los adolescentes respecto a los servicios ofrecidos y se entrega una tabla sumaria con la legislación al respecto deávarios países de Sudamérica.

  12. The economic returns to investing in youth in developing countries: a review of the literature

    This discussion series is produced by the Health, Nutrition, and Population Family (HNP) of the World Bank's Human Development Network. The series provides a vehicle for publishing preliminary and unpolished result of HNP topics to encourage discussion and debate. This review finds evidence that the effect of many investments on youth differ significantly by income and gender and also by counry context.

  13. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  14. Annotated bibliography of young people’s sexual and reproductive health

    The bibliography includes literature on young people's sexual and reproductive health for investigators undertaking research in less developed countries. Three main areas are covered: substantive findings of research and theoretical developments, research design and methods, and existing questionnaires. Articles describing substantive findings of selected research cover a number of research areas in young people's sexual and reproductive health. …

  15. Adolescent and reproductive health in Pakistan: a literature review

    The report is a review of research findings on adolescents and reproductive health in Pakistan. The material is drawn from national surveys, medical research and information gathered by NGOs. The research shows the profile of adolescents in Pakistan with regard to the following issues: health and nutrition; sexual awareness and behaviour; prostitution and trafficking; sexual violence and sexual abuse; STDs; abortion; marriage and childbearing; fertility and family planning.

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