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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  2. Improving the reproductive health of sub-Saharan Africa's youth: a route to achieve the Millennium Development Goals

    This chartbook aims to provide policymakers, program managers, and the interested public in sub-Saharan Africa and around the world with a better understanding of the needs and experiences of youth in the region and how investments in youth can help achieve the MDGs. The data is drawn primarily from the Demographic and Health Surveys.

  3. Getting research into policy and practice. Experiences from sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS

    Insights is a thematic overview of recent policy-relevant research findings on international development. This issue contents the following articles: Getting research into policy and practice. Experiences from sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS; Investing in the future. …

  4. Sexuality and life-skills. Participatory activities on sexual and reproductive health with young people

    This document is a toolkit developed by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance in 2008. It is a result of teamwork between sexual and reproductive health practioners working with young people in Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Uganda. It is written for anyone who wants to facilitate participatory learning activities with young people to equip them with the knowledge, positive attitudes and skills to grow up and enjoy sexual and reproductive health and well-being. This includes peer-educators and leaders, outreach workers, teachers, community workers and others. …

  5. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  6. Gender-based violence in sub-Saharan Africa: a review of demographic and health survey findings and their use in national planning

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is a pervasive human rights issue with public health consequences. The growing body of evidence on violence and HIV/AIDS continues to confirm that violence is a lead factor in the 'feminization' of the global AIDS epidemic and the disproportionately higher rates of HIV-infection among women and girls, who now represent at least half of those infected worldwide and about 60% of those infected in sub-Saharan Africa. The main purposes of this desk review are to: 1. …

  7. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  8. Abstinence and delayed sexual initiation

    Promoting abstinence is an important strategy that can help delay sexual activity, but complementary messages are needed for those who are sexually active.

  9. HIV/AIDS prevention guidance for reproductive health professionals in developing-country settings

    This document is designed to provide an overview of the issues of HIV/AIDS, challenges, and opportunities around integrating a broad range of HIV/AIDS interventions into existing reproductive and sexual health programmes and services, and to provide some practical examples of interventions that have been successful.

  10. You, your life, your dreams : a book for adolescents

    The book was written for adolescents aged 14 to 19, to help them cope with challenges and decisions they may face during the transition period from childhood to adulthood. The book presents factual information about the changes that occur during this time of life, and about a range of other issues such as: how to stay physically and emotionally healthy, how to avoid sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy, how to handle pressure to have sex, and how to avoid drug and alcohol abuse. …

  11. Listening to young voices: facilitating participatory appraisals on reproductive health with adolescents

    This guide provides step-by-step information on designing a participatory appraisal with adolescents to analyze their sexual and reproductive health-related concerns, and on using participatory learning and action (PLA) tools for this analysis. It also discusses the process of data analysis and documentation. Chapter 2 explains the definition and key principles of the PLA methodology and a brief history of its evolution. Chapter 3 details the preparation required before carrying out fieldwork. Chapter 4 describes a number of PLA methods that can be used for participatory appraisals. …

  12. Youth talk about sexuality: a participatory assessment of adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Lusaka, Zambia

    This study provides examples of successful strategies for motivating adolescents to avoid unprotected intercourse in order to reduce the incidence of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV of adolescents in Zambia.

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