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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Professional learning standards for sex education

    The PLSSE is divided into four domains: context for sex education, professional disposition, best practices, and key content areas. Each domain includes indicators related to educator’s knowledge of content, familiarity with teaching methods, and understanding of best practices. School administrators and educators can use the PLSSE to determine areas where teachers are most proficient and those in which additional professional development may be needed. The Assessment Tool is designed to for educators to rate their own capability and comfort. …

  2. Rethinking sexual agency: proposing a multicomponent model based on young people’s life stories

    Sexual health policies explicitly aim to encourage young people to take responsibility for their sexuality to prevent adverse outcomes such as unintended pregnancies, STIs and sexual assault. In Europe and North America, ‘choice’ has become a central concept in sexual and reproductive health policy making. However, the concept of choice is not unproblematic, not least because the cultural emphasis on individual responsibility obscures structural limitations and inequalities, and mutual responsibility between partners. …

  3. If you care about LGBTQ rights... Then you should care about sex education

    The first fact sheet of the If/Then series highlights that advancing sex education also means advancing the equality and well-being of the LGBTQ community at large.

  4. What do young people think about their school-based sex and relationship education? A qualitative synthesis of young people’s views and experiences

    Objectives: Although sex and relationship education (SRE) represents a key strand in policies to safeguard young people and improve their sexual health, it currently lacks statutory status, government guidance is outdated and a third of UK schools has poor-quality SRE. We aimed to investigate whether current provision meets young people's needs. Design: Synthesis of qualitative studies of young people's views of their school-based SRE. Setting: Eligible studies originated from the UK, Ireland, the USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Japan, Iran, Brazil and Sweden. …

  5. Developing guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education

    Educators, service providers, and health professionals worldwide are advocating that young people receive comprehensive sexuality education to help them become sexually healthy adults and to help them practice safer sexual behaviors, delay the onset of sexual intercourse, and reduce unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates. Though there is often consensus that young people should receive such education, few actually do. This is primarily due to a lack of understanding and consensus about sexuality education goals, components, and standards. …

  6. A call to action: LGBTQ youth need inclusive sex education

    This issue brief urges educators, advocates, and policymakers to take immediate, concrete steps to provide LGBTQ-inclusive sex education for all youth, by: 1) Becoming advocates for LGBTQ-inclusive sex education, 2) Ensuring that school is a safe and accepting space for LGBTQ students, 3) Implementing LGBTQ-inclusive sex education in schools, community settings and online, 4) Talking to their own children and teens about sex and sexuality, 5) Working to remove state-level legal and policy barriers to LGBTQ-inclusive sex education in schools and require inclusive programs.

  7. National Sexuality Education Standards. Core Content and Skills, K–12

    The goal of the National Sexuality Education Standards: Core Content and Skills, K–12 is to provide clear, consistent and straightforward guidance on the essential minimum, core content for sexuality education that is developmentally and age-appropriate for students in grades K–12. It also aims to address the inconsistent implementation of sexuality education nationwide and the limited time allocated to teaching the topic. …

  8. Health + Equality + School Engagement: Scenarios USA reinvents sex education

    This issue of Quality/Calidad/Qualité highlights the experience of Scenarios USA, an innovative nonprofit program that has integrated a gender and rights perspective—and a critical thinking approach—into curricula, while fostering new pedagogies and greater awareness among teachers. Scenarios USA approaches sexual health not as a standalone issue but as intertwined with young people’s overall lives and agency. …

  9. Teens and Sex in Europe: A Story of Rights, Respect and Responsibility

    This video documents the approaches and attitudes to sexuality education in the Netherlands, Germany and France as compared to those of the U.S., as the latter country has higher rates of teenage pregnandy, birth and sexually transmitted diseases. It documents teens, parents, government officials, educators and health care providers' views. Media clips of HIV and AIDS campaigns are used to supplement the documentary information.

  10. Becoming a responsible teen adaptation kit. Tools and resources for making informed adaptations to BART: Becoming a responsible teen

    Although the primary goal of Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) is to decrease HIV infection among African-American adolescents ages 14 to 18, the curriculum also includes topics and activities relevant to teen pregnancy prevention. Teens learn to clarify their own values about sexual decisions and pressures, as well as practice skills to reduce sexual risk taking. These skills include correct condom use, assertive communication, refusal techniques, self-management and problem solving. Abstinence is woven throughout the curriculum and is discussed as the best way to prevent HIV and pregnancy. …

  11. Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs

    In the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, U.S. Congress authorized a scientific evaluation of the Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Program. This report presents final results from a multi-year, experimentally-based impact study conducted as part of this evaluation. It focuses on four selected Title V, Section 510 abstinence education programs: (1) My Choice, My Future! in Powhatan, Virginia; (2) ReCapturing the Vision in Miami, Florida; (3) Families United to Prevent Teen Pregnancy (FUPTP) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and (4) Teens in Control in Clarksdale, Mississippi. …

  12. Comprehensive sex education: a campaign toolkit for HIV advocates

    Comprehensive sex education promotes a view of sexuality as a natural par of human development. It provides information about sexual abstinence as well as pregnancy and disease protection, and provides teens with skills to ensure they are able to take care of their sexual health and make healthy, responsible decisions. This publication is a practical, hands-on resource for advocates.

  13. Standards for curriculum-based reproductive health and HIV education programs

    This manual is based on the findings of a systematic review published by Family Health International (FHI) on the Impact of Sex and HIV Education Programs on Sexual Behaviours of Youth in Developing Countries (Kirby et al., 2005) and deliberations from an expert consultation meeting convened by FHI in January 2006. One of the results of the research was a list of 24 characteristics of effective curriculum-based programmes. Twenty of the standards are adapted from the systematic review and four of the standards emerged from the technical meeting. …

  14. Right from the start: guidelines for sexuality issues (birth to five years)

    These guidelines were developed by a task force of experts and have been thoroughly reviewed by professionals. The vision of sexuality advocated is a "natural and healthy part of living that begins at birth and continues throughout life". The guidelines recommend actively including parents and caregivers in the teaching process and advising preschools and childcare centres to keep their teaching consistent with community norms. …

  15. Sex and HIV Education Programs for Youth: Their Impact and Important Characteristics

    Sex and HIV Education Programs for Youth: Their Impact and Important Characteristics is a review document developed by D. Kirby, B. A Laris and L. Rolleri from ETR Associates (Education, Training and Research Associates) with the support of USAID (United States Agency for International Development) through FHI (Family Health International)/YouthNet Project, in 2006. This current review report reviews the existing literature on the effects of these curriculum-and group-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual risk behavior among young people in both developed and developing countries. …

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