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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Plan d'action triennal de lutte contre les IST/VIH/SIDA du secteur de la fonction publique, du travail, de la jeunesse et des sports

    Le plan d’action du Département de la Fonction Publique, du Travail, de la Jeunesse et des Sports vise à contribuer à l’atteinte des objectifs de la lutte définis dans le Cadre Stratégique National de Lutte contre les IST/VIH/SIDA. Les Cibles du Plan d’action du département sont constitués principalement par le personnel du département, les jeunes membres des associations sportives, les travailleurs, les familles de ces groupes. Les associations de jeunes seront touchées par l’intervention de la société civile et des services décentralisés.

  2. On the cutting edge: improving the informed consent process for adolescents in Zambia undergoing male circumcision for HIV prevention

    The authors present data from operations research into the introduction of male circumcision (MC) in Zambia, assessing informed consent (IC) procedures for adolescent MC clients. They administered a comprehension test among adult (n=311) and adolescent (n=115) clients at 10 clinics around Lusaka between the counseling and IC process. They conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescent (1317 years) MC clients 1 week post-surgery (n=28) and 13 key informants (service providers and stakeholders). …

  3. Concurrent partnerships, acute infection and HIV epidemic dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe

    This paper explores the roles of acute infection and concurrent partnerships in HIV transmission dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe using realistic representations of the partnership network and all published estimates of stage-specific infectivity. We use dynamic exponential random graph models to estimate partnership network parameters from an empirical study of sexual behavior and drive a stochastic simulation of HIV transmission through this dynamic network. …

  4. Factors associated with HIV infection among sexually experienced adolescents in Africa: a pooled data analysis

    The article examines the factors associated with HIV status among adolescents aged 15–19 years in 13 African countries. The data were derived from demographic and health surveys or AIDS indicator surveys conducted between 2004 and 2009. The levels of HIV prevalence among adolescents varied considerably across the countries. There was significantly higher HIV prevalence among female adolescents as compared with their male counterparts. For male adolescents, circumcision was the only variable significantly associated with HIV status. …

  5. Maisha Newsletter December 2011

    Maisha+ focuses on sharing experiences and lessons in reaching out to the hard-to-reach community populations in Sub Saharan African with HIV and AIDS interventions. In this issue: -Towards zero HIV infections, discrimination and AIDS deaths for hard to reach communities -Violence against women contributing to spread of HIV -Supporting Associations of people living with HIV in Uganda -Challenges in addressing traditional beliefs and practices in HIV and AIDS among the Maasai -Working with sexual minorities in Rwanda -Stop the discrimination! -testimony from a victim of assault

  6. Sexual identity, sex of sexual contacts, and health-risk behaviors among students in Grades 9-12: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, selected sites, United States, 2001-2009

    Sexual minority youths are youths who identify themselves as gay or lesbian, bisexual, or unsure of their sexual identity or youths who have only had sexual contact with persons of the same sex or with both sexes. …

  7. Kenya national HIV and AIDS communication strategy for youth, 2007

    This Communication Strategy provides a broad framework that will guide communication on youth and HIV and AIDS in Kenya for the next three years. It intends to address needs and gaps in communication programming identified in the areas of knowledge, skills and self-efficacy, capacity, coordination, policy support and utilisation of services. These issues were identified through a situation analysis conducted at the beginning of developing this strategy, and from consultations with stakeholders implementing HIV and AIDS programmes among the youth.

  8. Strategies and framework for targeting youth: advising with PNG youth on HIV/AIDS

    This milestone report - Strategies and Framework for Targeting Youth - provides a framework and identifies strategies to address the needs of young people in the prevention and care of HIV/AIDS and STIs in Papua New Guinea (PNG). It provides technical advice towards creating a strategic plan for young people, and suggests pilot strategies based on best practice in youth sexual health programs in resource-poor settings. Conceptually, this report provides a foundation in the development of a strategic plan for young people. …

  9. Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV. Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package. Presentation Booklet

    Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV. Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package. Presentation Booklet

  10. PMTCT (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission) Trainers Manual

    The Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package is based largely on the 2007 update of the PMTCT Generic Training Package (GTP) that was developed under the direction of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for adaptation by countries and regions across the globe. This PMTCT Training Package is expected to play a key role in accelerating the scale up of PMTCT services in the Pacific region through training of healthcare workers to implement appropriate, quality services for PMTCT.

  11. PMTCT (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission) Participant Manual

    The Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package is based largely on the 2007 update of the PMTCT Generic Training Package (GTP) that was developed under the direction of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for adaptation by countries and regions across the globe. This PMTCT Training Package is expected to play a key role in accelerating the scale up of PMTCT services in the Pacific region through training of healthcare workers to implement appropriate, quality services for PMTCT.

  12. Towards Universal Access. Scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector. 2010 Progress Report

    This report reviews the progress made in 2009 in scaling up access to selected health sector interventions for HIV prevention, treatment and care in low- and middle income countries. It is the fourth in a series of annual progress reports published since 2006 by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS (UNAIDS) in collaboration with international and national partners to monitor key components of the health sector response to the HIV epidemic worldwide.

  13. Plan Strategique National de Lutte contre le VIH/SIDA 2006-2010

    Selon les données de l'EDS-III (Enquête Démographique et Sanitaire), le Cameroun est toujours en fin 2004 en contexte d'épidémie généralisée avec une prévalence moyenne de 5,5% dont 6,8% pour les femmes et 4,1% chez les hommes. Le groupe de jeunes de 15 à 24 ans est toujours considéré comme un groupe très vulnérable ; d'autres groupes ayant des comportements à hauts risques sont identifiés : il s'agit des hommes en tenue, les professionnelles de sexe et les camionneurs et les populations riveraines du Pipeline Tchad-Cameroun. …

  14. Previous reproductive history and post-natal family planning among HIV-infected women in Ukraine

    This document describes post-natal family planning practices among HIV-positive childbearing women in Ukraine.

  15. You still need to give her a token of appreciation: the meaning of the exchange of money in the sexual relationships of out-of-school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda

    This article challenges the pervasive assumption that exchanging gifts and money in adolescent sexual relationships is transactional. Data were derived from a multi-method, qualitative sexual health needs assessment of 31 out-of-school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda. Grounded theory analysis allows contextual meanings of exchange to emerge. Adolescents have developed gendered courting and exchange models that parallel marital relationships in this cultural context. …

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