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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Protecting the next generation in sub-saharan Africa: learning from adolescents to prevent HIV and unintended pregnancy

    This report presents key findings from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2004 among 12-19-year-olds in four African countries-Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and Uganda-with the goal of guiding programs, policies and investments aimed at improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health. It is based on research conducted as part of a multiyear project, called Protecting the Next Generation: Understanding HIV Risk Among Youth. …

  2. Promoting young people's sexual and reproductive health: stigma, discrimination and human rights

    In 1999, the UK Department for International Development (DfID) funded a major programme of research into young people's sexual and reproductive health in poorer country settings.Coordinated jointly by the Centre for Sexual Health Research at the University of Southampton, the Thomas Coram Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London and the Centre for Population Studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the principal objectives of the Safe Passages to Adulthood programme are to: - fill key knowledge gaps relating to the nature, magnitude and consequen …

  3. Preventing HIV/AIDS and Promoting Sexual Health Among Especially Vulnerable Young People

    In 1999, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) funded a five-year programme of research into young people's sexual and reproductive health in poorer country settings.Entitled the Safe Passages to Adulthood programme, and co-ordinated jointly by the centre for Sexual Health Research at the University of Southampton, the Thomas Coram Resaerch Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London and the Centre for Population Studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the programme supports research to enable young people to improve their sexual and reprodu …

  4. National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey

    The 2003 National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey (NARHS) is a nationally representative survey of 10 000 respondents consisting of 5 128 women aged 15-49 years and 4 962 men aged 15-64 years. …

  5. UNFPA informe anual 2002

    El informe de FNUAP - Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas, dedica dos capitulos a los temas de "Salud reproductiva y maternidad sin riesgo" y "Prevención del VIH/SIDA".

  6. Gender and the HIV epidemic: adolescent sexuality, gender and the HIV epidemic

    This document highlights factors which increase the risk of HIV infection for young people and concludes with a number of principles for success for future work to prevent HIV infection among young people in developing countries.

  7. Baseline and Impact Survey of NYSC Peer Education Programme for Schools in 7 Pilot States

    As part of the on-going actvity by UNICEF to reduce the alarming rate of HIV/AIDS spread in Nigeria, UNICEF partnered with the NYSC Directorate and the Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH) to train 1 382 Youth Corps members in 7 pilot states in Nigeria. The states are Borno, Enugu, Rivers, Cross River, Kaduna, Nasarawa and Ondo. It was expected that these corps memberswould act as trainers of students called peer educators in post-primary institutions in their respective places of primary assignments. …

  8. Getting down to Business: expanding the private commercial sector's role in meeting reproductive health needs

    This study examines how developing countries, governments and international donors can stimulate private sector involvement in the reproductive health arena, with a particular emphasis on improving the availability of commodities such as contraceptives, drugs for treatment of Sexual Transmitted Infections, and nutritional supplements. The report aims to help policy makers in both developing and donor countries better understand the crucial role of private business in expanding access to reproductive health care.

  9. Working with men for HIV prevention and care

    Le rôle que les relations de genre jouent dans la propagation du virus est de plus en plus connu. En exemple, dans le monde entier, les femmes sont moins nombreuses que les hommes à être en position de décider de quand et comment avoir les relations sexuelles. De même, Il apparaît clair que les femmes ne peuvent pas changer les relations dominantes de genre, qui prévaut actuellement, sans le concours de leurs partenaires masculins. Ainsi, l'engagement des hommes est un élément essentiel dans la prévention du VIH. Ce document vise à aider ceux qui travaillent avec les hommes dans le contexte de la santé sexuelle et de reproduction en général et celui de la prévention du VIH en particulier. Il examine 12 projets dont le celui de Papai. Ce dernier travaille avec les jeunes hommes de Recife au Brésil à promouvoir la participation à la santé, l'éducation et la prise en charge des enfants. L'analyse des stratégies de ces jeunes et des leçons à retenir devrait générer les besoins communs vitaux des hommes par rapport au VIH/SIDA et à leur santé et donner une idée des approches de travail efficaces avec les hommes.

  10. Différences entre filles et garçons : une revue des indicateurs sanitaires en Afrique subsaharienne

    L'étude présente certaines différences par sexe observées chez les enfants dans les enquêtes par sondage de type EDS (DHS) ou EMF (WFS) en Afrique subsaharienne. Quatre indicateurs de résultats sont analysés : les indicateurs de mortalité des jeunes enfants (néonatale, post-natale et juvénile) et la prévalence de la malnutrition. Trois indicateurs de comportements sont analysés : la vaccination, l'utilisation de la réhydratation orale et la durée d'allaitement. Enfin, les rapports de masculinités à la naissance sont étudiés séparément.

  11. Politique de population et planification familiale en Côte d'Ivoire

    This working paper analyses relations between adoption of a demographic policy, application of family planning programs, progress of contraceptive use and fertility decline in Ivory Coast. The available documentation shows that the evolution of fertility policy is characterized by two periods: a phase of policy of population growth prior to 1991 and a phase of neo-malthusianism afterwards. Many factors explain the policy during the first period: for example the positive effect of population growth on development was then widespread and the conception that any birth is advantageous was also admitted. The economic crisis and the international assistance terms led to the second phase. Despite the policy before 1991, the activities of family planning developed by a number of NGOs were tolerate as far as the had a sanitary purpose. However, the supply of reproductive health services increased only after the adoption of a population policy. Data from various surveys reveal that the progress of contraceptive use and the fertility decline took place in the early 1980's. The intensity of fertility decline according to 2.2 children the last two decades in the whole country. It varies according to the place of residence and the level of education. At the same time, the level of contraceptive use has progressed since the 1980's and methods of fertility control have changed according to the women's categories.

  12. Sexualité des adolescents : tendances récentes en milieu rural sénégalais

    This study presents the trend with regard to age at first intercourse of men and women in rural Senegal. The start of the sexual life of men proved to be early for the young generations. The start of sexual life of women, on the contrary, appeared to be somewhat later, in one of the sites. These results confirm that of another study carried out in another rural zone in Senegal. The underlying factors seem to be the early puberty of boys, the contact with the urban culture through education, migration and the changes of norms with regard to sexuality. The rise of the age of marriage of men, combined with an earlier start of sexual life, leads to a longer period wherein the risk of non desired pregnancies exists. It is thus important to implicate boys in the prevention actions with regard to sexual and reproductive health.

  13. Reproductive health in the Sahel. Youth in danger: results of a regional survey in five West African countries

    Cette étude envisage de comprendre l'importance de la sexualité chez les adolescents, l'évolution et les différences de comportement sexuel, les connaissances et attitudes sur la planification familiale et la santé de reproduction et le SIDA, les différences dans l'utilisation des méthodes contraceptives par les adolescentes mariées et les célibataires au cours des 15 dernières années et enfin par les adolescentes mariées et autres femmes mariées. Les résultats de l'étude montrent la complexité, la sensibilité et l'urgence des problèmes qui se posent.

  14. Case study, Sri Lanka: communication and advocacy strategies adolescent reproductive and sexual health

    Cette étude de cas présente l'expérience du Sri Lanka en matière de planification et d'exécution des stratégies de défense et d'IEC en faveur de la promotion des Programmes de santé de la reproduction chez les adolescents. Il contient : 1. Caractéristiques démographiques des adolescents, 2. Réponses aux questions de santé de reproduction des adolescents, 3. Stratégie de promotion et d'IEC et 4. Orientations pour exécuter des programmes d'activités similaires.

  15. Improving youth livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. A review of policies and programmes with particular reference to the link between sexual behaviour and economic well being

    This document provides comprehensive in-depth examination of the many facts involved in improving the lot of youth. In particular, the focus should be more integrated and include both reproductive health and economic improvements.

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