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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths' perception of their high school environments and comfort in school

    This study investigated gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents' perceptions of their school environment, their experiences with victimization and professional support in school, and individual, peer, and family factors associated with their perceptions of and comfort in their school environments. Data were gathered from 136 self-identified gay, lesbian, and bisexual high school students in northern New England. …

  2. Bullying of lesbian and gay youth: a qualitative investigation

    The preponderance of bullying research does not address sexual orientation as a possible factor. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of service providers and youth advocates working with lesbian and gay communities in order to increase understanding of bullying of lesbian and gay youth. In depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine key informants from various education and social service settings. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Inductive data analysis was conducted using a constant comparative method. …

  3. Percepción de estudiantes universitarios sobre la homo/lesbofobia en Costa Rica para diagnóstico, con enfoque de género, sobre la situación del estigma, la discriminación y la homofobia en Costa Rica

    Este estudio pretende ayudarnos a identificar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas que un sector de la población tiene con respecto a los gay y lesbianas en Costa Rica, que aunque no necesariamente es el punto de partida de un análisis profundo de estos comportamientos, sí nos refleja parte la cotidianidad de sus expresiones, tanto homofóbicas, como respetuosas. Ambas expresiones son solo un resultado de un sistema social, educativo e institucionalizado en construcción. …

  4. High school gay-straight alliances (GSAs) and young adult well-being: an examination of GSA presence, participation, and perceived effectiveness

    Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are student-led, school-based clubs that aim to provide a safe environment in the school context for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students, as well as their straight allies. The present study examines the potential for GSAs to support positive youth development and to reduce associations among LGBT-specific school victimization and negative young adult well-being. …

  5. Homolesbofobia en las aulas

    En el marco de la celebración del Día Nacional contra la Homofobia, se desarrolló un conversatorio sobre la Homolesbofobia en las aulas, con la participación de la Master Zaira Carvajal, representante del Instituto de Estudios de la Mujer, IEM y el Master Francisco Madrigal, por el Centro de Investigación, CIPACDH.

  6. Sortons l'homophobie du placard et de nos écoles secondaires

    Que savons-nous des manifestations de l'homophobie à l'école secondaire québécoise? Que font les écoles secondaires afin de contrer cette forme de violence? Comment améliorer le bien-être des jeunes de la diversité sexuelle à l'école secondaire? Pour répondre à ces questions, le Conseil permanent de la jeunesse a entrepris, à l'été 2005, une recherche sur ces sujets. Six sections constituent le présent ouvrage. Dans la première section du document, le Conseil propose une réflexion autour du concept d'homophobie. …

  7. A 40 años de Stonewall Inn: "Transfobia, lesbofobia, homofobia, bifobia en Latinoamérica y El Caribe"

    América Latina y El Caribe es territorio cultural diverso, que se iguala en las características del estigma y discriminación que aplica a personas lesbianas, trans, gays, bisexuales, intersexuales. De acuerdo al estudio 'Homofobia de Estado 2009' de ILGA, en LAC existen 11 países que penalizan la homosexualidad. En los países en que esto no es así, de igual forma, existe una práctica punitiva legitimada, que refleja la exclusión cultural de la orientación sexual no heterosexual y de las prácticas que se le asocian.

  8. La lutte contre l'homophobie en milieu scolaire: rapport descriptif des guides d'intervention disponibles au Québec

    Ce rapport constitue l'un des volets de la recherche sur l'impact de l'homophobie et de la violence homophobe sur la persévérance et la réussite scolaires dont les objectifs étaient de : 1) dresser un portrait du climat relativement à l'homophobie dans les établissements scolaires du secteur public offrant de l'enseignement au niveau du 2e cycle du secondaire et au niveau du collégial ; 2) examiner l'impact des expériences de victimisation vécues par des jeunes sur leur cheminement scolaire, les facteurs qui accentuent leur vulnérabilité et ceux qui facilitent leur résilience. …

  9. Diversidade sexual na educação: problematizações sobre a homofobia nas escolas

    Este volume, o no. 32 da Coleção, propõe uma série consistente e articulada de reflexões sobre a produção e a reprodução da homofobia na educação, especialmente no contexto da escola e nos espaços ligados a ela. Rigorosa e minuciosamente examinada a partir dos instrumentos fornecidos pelas ciências sociais e humanas, a homofobia (compreendidas também a lesbofobia, a transfobia e a bifobia) evidencia-se como um grave problema social cujo enfrentamento não pode ser mais adiado. O espaço escolar aparece aqui como uma poderosa instância de reprodução das lógicas homofóbicas. …

  10. Stonewall's legacy

    Contemporary American colleges are increasingly queer places, where significant steps toward inclusion of BGLT students have been made. Tracing the journey of BGLT students' emergence, which parallels the modern gay rights movement in America, this monograph provides an overview of data and theory derived from studying BGLT students and student movements in higher education. …

  11. Who, what, where, when, and why: demographic and ecological factors contributing to hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth

    This study examines how locational (region and local), community-level (school district poverty and adult educational attainment), and school district-level (district size and ratios of students to key school personnel) variables are related to indicators of hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. Indicators of hostile climate included frequency of homophobic remarks and victimization regarding sexual orientation and gender expression. …

  12. Conversations in equity and social justice: constructing safe schools for queer youth

    The paper is a critique of discourse focused on at-risk behaviour and homophobic bullying. The paper argues that conversations around homophobic bullying must include discussions of doing equity and achieving social justice, in which the ultimate goal of constructing safe schools is achieved through the utter transformation of school culture. Failure to do anything less continues to license homophobia and makes predictable and inevitable violence against queer youth. …

  13. Youth speak up about homophobia and transphobia: the first national climate survey on homophobia in Canadian schools

    Educators and researchers have long been aware that students experience homophobic incidents ranging from hearing "gay" used as a synonym for "stupid" or "worthless", to being insulted or assaulted because of their actual or perceived sexual or transgender identity. This report discusses the results of a national survey of Canadian high school students undertaken in order to identify the forms and extent of their experiences of homophobic and transphobic incidents at school and the efficacy of measures being taken by schools to combat these common form of bullying.

  14. Protective factors in the lives of bisexual adolescents in North America

    We compared protective factors among bisexual adolescents with those of heterosexual, mostly heterosexual, and gay or lesbian adolescents. Methods. We analyzed 6 school-based surveys in Minnesota and British Columbia. Sexual orientation was measured by gender of sexual partners, attraction, or self-labeling. Protective factors included family connectedness, school connectedness, and religious involvement. General linear models, conducted separately by gender and adjusted for age, tested differences between orientation groups. …

  15. Out yonder: sexual-minority adolescents in rural communities in British Colombia

    We compared sexual-minority adolescents living in rural communities with their peers in urban areas in British Columbia, exploring differences in emotional health, victimization experiences, sexual behaviors, and substance use. We analyzed a population-based sample of self-identified lesbian, gay, or bisexual respondents from the British Columbia Adolescent Health Survey of 2003 (weighted n = 6905). We tested rural-urban differences separately by gender with the 2 test and logistic regressions. We found many similarities and several differences. …

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