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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The adolescent experience in-depth: using data to identify and reach the most vulnerable young people: Tanzania 2009-2012

    This report presents a secondary data analysis and triangulation of the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2010, the Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicator Survey (THMIS) 2011-12, and the Violence Against Children in Tanzania Survey (VACS) 2009. Its objectives are to analyse approximately 40 key indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and outcomes (e.g. …

  2. Cross-generational and transactional sexual relations in Uganda: Income poverty as a risk factor for adolescents

    The phenomenon of cross-generational sex – defined as sexual relationships between an adolescent girl and a partner who is older, usually by 10 or more years – can be linked to many life-long consequences. …

  3. The Government of Kenya’s Cash Transfer Program Reduces the Risk of Sexual Debut among Young People Age 15-25

    The aim of this study is to assess whether the Government of Kenya’s Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (Kenya CT-OVC) can reduce the risk of HIV among young people by postponing sexual debut. The program provides an unconditional transfer of US$20 per month directly to the main caregiver in the household. An evaluation of the program was implemented in 2007–2009 in seven districts. Fourteen Locations were randomly assigned to receive the program and fourteen were assigned to a control arm. A sample of households was enrolled in the evaluation in 2007. …

  4. Evaluation of HIV/AIDS prevention through peer education, counselling, health care, training and urban refuges in Ghana

    Since 1996, Ireland Aid has supported UNICEF Ghana in the implementation of five activities that promote behaviour change to limit the spread of HIV/AIDS and STIs. The interventions are run by different local organisations, and have provided over 75,000 in and out-of-school youth and commercial sex workers with preventive education. People retained the information given, are knowledgeable about how HIV is transmitted, and can name key preventive methods. They pass on the information to their friends. Commercial sex workers were empowered to support one another in negotiating for safer sex. …

  5. Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    In recent years, UNICEF has worked together with national and local authorities and civil society partners in a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to develop and implement HIV prevention programmes intended to reduce risks and vul¬nerabilities among most-at-risk adolescents (MARA.) This docu¬ment presents programming experiences from seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. …

  6. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  7. Young People Most at Risk for HIV/AIDS

    Attention paid to adults most at risk for HIV/AIDS - people who sell sex, those who inject drugs, and men who have sex with men (MSM) - is growing. Unfortunately, the particular needs of young people (ages 10 to 24) in these groups have drawn little focus. Young people who are most at risk for infection with HIV are among society’s most marginalized groups. In most cultures, the prevailing reaction to behavior linked to high risk of HIV infection is to try to prevent and punish it. Programs that aim to reduce harm provoke opposition, because they seem to tolerate or enable illegal behavior. …

  8. Zambia sexual behaviour survey 2009

    The main objective of the ZSBS 2009 is to obtain national estimates of a number of key indicators (including international standardized indicators) important to monitoring progress of the national HIV/AIDS/STDs programme. The survey provides a rich set of indicators on HIV/AIDS/STI-related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviour, as well as information on Orphans and Vulnerable Children, and assistance to households and communities affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  9. Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda

    Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda is a study implemented jointly by Population Council's Frontiers in Reproductive Health (FRONTIERS) and the AIDS Support Organization (TASO) from Uganda, in 2008. The document addresses the specific sexual and reproductive needs of the adolescents perinatally infected, an increasing population largely forgotten the HIV/AIDS treatment, care, education and support programs. …

  10. HIV/AIDS prevention and care among especially vulnerable young people. A framework for action

    HIV/AIDS prevention and care for especially vulnerable young people:a framework for action is the second joint publication between the World Health Organisation's Department of HIV/AIDS and the DFID supported Safe Passages to Adulthood programme. It offers a straightforward guide to priority setting and next steps. It suggests a focus on three key arenas for action - risk reduction, vulnerability reduction and impact mitigation - and provides guidance on key elements for the development of effective programmes. …

  11. La prévention du SIDA et des autres MTS dans une perspective d'éducation à la sexualité chez les élèves présentant une déficience intellectuelle. Répertoire d'activités d'enseignement et d'apprentissage en lien avec les programmes d'études adaptés - Secondaire premier et deuxième cycles

    La prévention du SIDA et des autres MTS dans une perspective d'éducation à la sexualité chez les élèves présentant une déficience intellectuelle. Répertoire d'activités d'enseignement et d'apprentissage en lien avec les programmes d'études adaptés - Secondaire premier et deuxième cycles est un document développé en 2000 par la Direction des communications du ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Gouvernement du Québec. …

  12. Curriculum de formation et d'éducation au VIH et sida. Enseignement fondamental 1

    Pour réduire l'expansion de cette pandémie, le Gouvernement de notre pays qui, depuis la tenue des Etats Généraux de l’Education et de la Formation en 1994, ne cesse de rechercher des solutions aux multiples problèmes auxquels est confrontée notre jeunesse, a décidé de l’intégration de l’éducation au VIH et sida dans les programmes scolaires. Le présent curriculum matérialise cet engagement. …

  13. L'Education au VIH et sida. Guide pédagogique de l'enseignant. Enseignement fondamental 1

    Ce guide, rédigé par le Ministère de l'Education de République Centrafricaine en mai 2007, matérialise la volonté du Gouvernement d'intégrer l'éducation au VIH et sida dans les programmes scolaires. Il a été élaboré en complément du document " Curriculum de formation et d'éducation au VIH et sida / Enseignement fondamental 1 ". Ce document donne à l'enseignant des notions sur le VIH et le sida à transmettre aux élèves selon l'approche par les compétences ou la pédagogie d'intégration. …

  14. Guide pédagogique sur éducation au VIH et sida. Enseignement fondamental 2. Secondaire général et technique

    Ce guide, rédigé par le Ministère de l'Education de République Centrafricaine, matérialise la volonté du Gouvernement d'intégrer l'éducation au VIH et sida dans les programmes scolaires. Il a été élaboré en complément du document " Curriculum de formation et d'éducation au VIH & sida / Enseignement fondamental 2 - Secondaire général et technique. " Ce guide donne à l'enseignant des notions sur le VIH et le sida à transmettre aux élèves-maîtres selon l'approche par compétences ou la pédagogie d'intégration. …

  15. Koffi... la rue... le sida

    Koffi... la rue... le sida est une bande dessinée, éditée par l'UNESCO en 2003 dans le cadre du Programme d'Education des Enfants en Situation Difficile. Elle s'adresse avant tout aux éducateurs et aux enfants des rues, particulièrement exposés au VIH/sida en raison de la promiscuité dans laquelle ils vivent et des risques de contraintes sexuelles auxquelles ils sont exposés. Il vise à transmettre des informations objectives et liées aux risques objectifs concrets auxquels les enfants des rues sont confrontés afin de les aider à réduite leur vulnérabilité face au VIH et au SIDA. …

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