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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Education and risky sex in Africa: Unraveling the link between women’s education and reproductive health behaviors in Kenya

    Much research attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between education and riskier sex-related behaviors and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. While in the early 1990s researchers found that increases in education were associated with a higher incidence of HIV/AIDS, this relationship appears to have reversed and better educated people, especially women, appear less likely to engage in riskier sex-related behaviors and have a lower incidence rate of HIV/AIDS. …

  2. I did it for him, not for me: an exploratory study of factors influencing sexual debut among female university students in Durban, South Africa

    The authors used qualitative interviews to explore influences on first sexual intercourse among 10 young women who had sexual debut within a year of enrolling in the university. University culture of sexual permissiveness and pressure from sexually experienced friends and male partners were the main factors influencing sexual debut. Ambivalence and a range of coercive behaviors characterized first sex. Participants were unprepared for sex and lacked power in deciding the timing and circumstances of first sex, which resulted in physical and emotional pain and regret. …

  3. Nunca pensé que esto me podía pasar a mí: VIH/sida y género en el Ecuador

    Este trabajo de investigación fue motivado por la preocupación que ha generado la creciente infección de VIH/SIDA entre las mujeres, principalmente "amas de casa" del Ecuador. La hipótesis de partida fue que esta realidad tiene directa relación con los patrones culturales de género existentes en el país, los cuales hacen más vulnerable a ese grupo poblacional. Para la investigación se realizaron entrevistas semi-estructuradas con 11 mujeres y 10 hombres viviendo con VIH/SIDA de las ciudades de Quito y Guayaquil. …

  4. Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine

    Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine is a document developed by EngenderHealth with the support of UNFPA. This research identified some interesting trends across the three countries and some issues unique to each setting that need to be considered in strategic planning efforts to improve HIV-positive women's and adolescent girl's access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services. …

  5. Trends in the burden of orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: evidence from national household surveys, 1994-2006

    This study assesses trends in the prevalence and status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) based on data from 2005-06, 1999, and 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS). The study examines four categories of OVC - orphans, fostered children, children in households with no adults age 18-59, and children in households with chronic illness or recent death due to chronic illness. …

  6. The short-term impacts of a schooling conditional cash transfer program on the sexual behaviour of young women

    Recent evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer programs for schooling are effective in raising school enrollment and attendance. However, there is also reason to believe that such programs can affect other outcomes, such as the sexual behavior of their young beneficiaries. Zomba Cash Transfer Program is a randomized, ongoing conditional cash transfer intervention targeting young women in Malawi that provides incentives (in the form of school fees and cash transfers) to current schoolgirls and recent dropouts to stay in or return to school. …

  7. Diagnóstico de la Violencia contra los y las Trabajadores/as sexuales, mujeres, transgéneros y varones, y su vulnerabilidad frente a las ITS y el VIH

    El presente estudio intenta desde diversas fuentes, realizar un diagnóstico de la violencia ejercida contra trabajadores y trabajadoras sexuales (mujeres, trans y gays) en las regiones de Lima, Callao, Arequipa, Piura, Iquitos y Huancayo. …

  8. Prácticas sexuales de las poblaciones vulnerables a la epidemia de VIH/SIDA en México

    Estudio sobre el comportamiento sexual y prácticas de riesgo en grupos vulnerables al VIH/SIDA en México, así como sus conocimientos del tema. Se estudiaron a hombres que tienen sexo con hombres, hombres trabajadores sexuales, camioneros de larga distancia y mujeres trabajadoras sexuales. De cada uno de estos grupos se estudió lo siguiente: Prevalencia de VIH, Características sociodemográficas, Conocimientos de VIH/SIDA, Acceso a condones y a la prueba de VIH, Comportamientos sexuales, Prácticas de inyección y uso de drogas, Estigma y discriminación.

  9. Colombia. Cuerpos marcados, crímenes silenciados: violencia sexual contra las mujeres en el marco del conflicto armado

    En el curso de los 40 años del conflicto colombiano, todos los grupos armados -fuerzas de seguridad, paramilitares y guerrilla- han abusado o explotado sexualmente a las mujeres, tanto a las civiles como a sus propias combatientes, y han tratado de controlar las esferas más íntimas de sus vidas. Tan intolerables como los crímenes perpetrados pueden ser las respuestas de las autoridades y las instituciones del Estado, que deben actuar para poner fin a tales abusos. …

  10. Reproductive health of women in Thailand: progress and challenges towards attainment of international development goals

    This UNFPA report, produced in commemoration of the 2005 World Population Day in Thailand, examines Thailand's progress in the area of women's reproductive health in the context of major international declarations and conventions including CEDAW, ICPD in Cairo, Beijing Declaration, and MDGs. Chapter 1 provides an overview of Thai women's status in economic and political arenas. Chapter 2 deals with reproductive health concerns, including maternal mortality, STIs/HIV/AIDS, adolescent reproductive health, reproductive malignancies, and older persons reproductive health. …

  11. Contraceptive practice in Quirino Province, Philippines: experiences of side effects

    The qualitative research study examines the contraceptive practices and understanding of women in Quirino Province, Philippines that have led many women to discontinue use of contraception even though they do not wish to become pregnant. Three factors are examined for their impact on contraceptive use behaviour; occurrence of side effects, spousal relations, and quality of care.

  12. Hearing Their Voices: A qualitative research study on HIV testing and higher risk teens in the United States of America

    This report presents the perceptions, attitudes and experiences of higher risk teenagers toward HIV testing in intimate and often poignant detail. As teens describe their fears and painful transgressions relating to sexual experiences with others, we are provided with considerable insight into the lives of inner-city youth and the challenges they face as they move from childhood to adulthood.This research discovered troubling attitudes among teenagers towards condom use. …

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