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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in India: a review of the situation

    This paper synthesises the evidence on sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, sheds light on those sub-populations of young people who are most vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes, and assesses the barriers that compromise the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people at the individual and family levels, as well as at the programme delivery level.

  2. Generating evidence to meet the sexual and reproductive health needs of students at Kenyatta University and beyond

    This research brief describes two evidence-generation efforts undertaken by the Evidence to Action Project (E2A), of which IntraHealth is a partner, and Kenyatta University, along with support from Pathfinder International, Kenya, from 2015-2016. The first evidence-generation effort involved an assessment of select KU service delivery statistics, and the second was a qualitative research study on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs, attitudes, preferences, and behaviors of KU students. …

  3. What does not work in adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices

    Youth centers, peer education, and one-off public meetings have generally been ineffective in facilitating young people's access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, changing their behaviors, or influencing social norms around adolescent SRH. Approaches that have been found to be effective when well implemented, such as comprehensive sexuality education and youth-friendly services, have tended to flounder as they have considerable implementation requirements that are seldom met. …

  4. School-linked sexual health services for young people (SSHYP): a survey and systematic review concerning current models, effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and research opportunities

    The aims of this study were, first, to identify current forms of school-based sexual health services (SBSHS) and school-linked sexual health services (SLSHS) in the UK; second, to review and synthesise existing evidence from qualitative and quantitative studies concerning the effectiveness, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of these types of service, and third, to identify potential areas for further research. The study had two components. …

  5. Implementation of adolescent-friendly voluntary medical male circumcision using a school based recruitment program in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Background: Epidemiological data from South Africa demonstrate that risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in males increases dramatically after adolescence. Targeting adolescent HIV-negative males may be an efficient and cost-effective means of maximising the established HIV prevention benefits of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in high HIV prevalence–, low circumcision practice–settings. This study assessed the feasibility of recruiting male high school students for VMMC in such a setting in rural KwaZulu-Natal. …

  6. Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial

    The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. …

  7. Adolescent reproductive health and development policy plan of action 2005-2015

    The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) endorsed the right of adolescents and young adults to obtain the highest levels of health care. In line with the ICPD recommendations, Kenya has put in place an Adolescent Reproductive Health and Development (ARH&D) Policy to enhance the implementation and coordination of programmes that address the reproductive health and development needs of young people in the country. …

  8. National plan of action for scaling up SRH and HIV prevention initiatives for young people

    This plan provides a framework for improving the sexual reproductive health of young people, and protecting them from HIV. The plan consists of five sections: background, policy and programming, goals and guiding principles, institutional framework and monitoring and evaluation. A detailed list of likely activities and budgets is proposed. The overall goal of the National Plan of Action is improved sexual and reproductive health and prevention of new HIV infections among young people aged 10-24 in Malawi. The plan is organized around six strategic objectives. …

  9. Securing the future today. Synthesis of strategic information on HIV and young people

    This report covers strategic information related to young people aged 15-24 years. It provides an understanding of HIV prevalence; describes the use of HIV prevention services; reports on the level of HIV knowledge; and describes behaviours among young people that impact on the spread of HIV (Section 2). The report includes a review of reporting on the UNGASS indicators for young people by region, and the status of the epidemic and response among young people using strategic information from UNGASS reporting in 2010 (Section 3). …

  10. Africa regional consultation with youth on HIV/AIDS and sexual reproductive health

    The regional Consultation was organized to facilitate dialogue among young people and key stakeholders on effective approaches and partnerships for addressing youth Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV/AIDS issues, to document promising youth-focused interventions in national HIV/AIDS and SRH programs, and to identify ways of strengthening linkages between SRH and HIV/AIDS services. …

  11. Healthy, happy and hot: a young person's guide to their rights, sexuality and living with HIV

    This guide aims to support young people's sexual pleasure and health, and to help them develop strong intimate relationships. It explores how human rights and sexual well-being are related and suggests strategies to help make decisions about dating, relationships, sex and parenthood. …

  12. Improving access to sexual health services for young people in further education settings

    This guidance provides quick and ready access to information that will help further education settings establish on-site sexual health services designed to give young people the advice and support they need to achieve healthy lifestyles and avoid health outcomes that impact negatively on their learning. It builds on recent health and education reforms which require local agencies to plan and act together to support the health and well-being of young people. It: 1. briefly looks at the sexual health issues young people have to deal with today and the impact this can have on their learning; 2. …

  13. Faith group turn to reproductive health and HIV issues

    This project served has provided technical assistance to 12 faith-based organizations to help them develop HIV prevention strategies for youth. Produced by YouthNet/Family Health International, the YouthNet Briefs are a new series of two-page summaries highlighting research findings, country projects, and technical leadership.

  14. Making services youth-friendly with limited resources

    This informational sheet is produced by the International Planned Parenthood Federation and Western Hemisphere Region for their affiliates to work with adolescents, young people in the region. This sheet describe project activities, evaluation strategies and key results, and summarize lessons learned. This document is available online at http://www.ippfwhr.org/publications/download/serial_issues/spotyouth18_e.pdf

  15. Cyber Cafe: a how-to manual: including designing a web site and implementing an online peer education program

    The goal of Cyber Cafés, A How-to Manual is to guide youth-serving NGOs in creating cyber caf?s to promote youth's reproductive and sexual health. Within this primary goal, the cyber caf? is an important tool to achieve several other goals. It will allow young people to: 1) access the Internet and search for accurate and up to date information on sexual health; 2) experience community, both online and off; 3) increase youth's computer literacy; and 4) improve youth's job related skills. …

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