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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in India: a review of the situation

    This paper synthesises the evidence on sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, sheds light on those sub-populations of young people who are most vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes, and assesses the barriers that compromise the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people at the individual and family levels, as well as at the programme delivery level.

  2. Generating evidence to meet the sexual and reproductive health needs of students at Kenyatta University and beyond

    This research brief describes two evidence-generation efforts undertaken by the Evidence to Action Project (E2A), of which IntraHealth is a partner, and Kenyatta University, along with support from Pathfinder International, Kenya, from 2015-2016. The first evidence-generation effort involved an assessment of select KU service delivery statistics, and the second was a qualitative research study on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs, attitudes, preferences, and behaviors of KU students. …

  3. What does not work in adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices

    Youth centers, peer education, and one-off public meetings have generally been ineffective in facilitating young people's access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, changing their behaviors, or influencing social norms around adolescent SRH. Approaches that have been found to be effective when well implemented, such as comprehensive sexuality education and youth-friendly services, have tended to flounder as they have considerable implementation requirements that are seldom met. …

  4. Implementation of adolescent-friendly voluntary medical male circumcision using a school based recruitment program in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Background: Epidemiological data from South Africa demonstrate that risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in males increases dramatically after adolescence. Targeting adolescent HIV-negative males may be an efficient and cost-effective means of maximising the established HIV prevention benefits of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in high HIV prevalence–, low circumcision practice–settings. This study assessed the feasibility of recruiting male high school students for VMMC in such a setting in rural KwaZulu-Natal. …

  5. Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial

    The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. …

  6. Adolescent reproductive health and development policy plan of action 2005-2015

    The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) endorsed the right of adolescents and young adults to obtain the highest levels of health care. In line with the ICPD recommendations, Kenya has put in place an Adolescent Reproductive Health and Development (ARH&D) Policy to enhance the implementation and coordination of programmes that address the reproductive health and development needs of young people in the country. …

  7. National plan of action for scaling up SRH and HIV prevention initiatives for young people

    This plan provides a framework for improving the sexual reproductive health of young people, and protecting them from HIV. The plan consists of five sections: background, policy and programming, goals and guiding principles, institutional framework and monitoring and evaluation. A detailed list of likely activities and budgets is proposed. The overall goal of the National Plan of Action is improved sexual and reproductive health and prevention of new HIV infections among young people aged 10-24 in Malawi. The plan is organized around six strategic objectives. …

  8. Improving access to sexual health services for young people in further education settings

    This guidance provides quick and ready access to information that will help further education settings establish on-site sexual health services designed to give young people the advice and support they need to achieve healthy lifestyles and avoid health outcomes that impact negatively on their learning. It builds on recent health and education reforms which require local agencies to plan and act together to support the health and well-being of young people. It: 1. briefly looks at the sexual health issues young people have to deal with today and the impact this can have on their learning; 2. …

  9. Evaluation of a school-based sexual and reproductive health education intervention among adolescents in rural Bangladesh

    This article is based on a school-based intervention which was undertaken to improve knowledge about reproduction, fertility, and contraception among adolescents in Bangladesh. The study was carried out from February 2001 to September 2002. The objective of the study was to determine the ffectiveness of school-based intervention which combined community sensitization with the distribution of three booklets addressing 1) puberty, 2) fertility and family planning, and 3) STDs/AIDS. …

  10. Youth-friendly services: a manual for service providers

    A training curriculum to strengthen the skills of health workers who provide reproductive health services to adolescent clients. The manual includes training activities that can be conducted with various levels of staff providing adolescent health services. Topics include the importance of working with youth, characteristics of youth-friendly services, youth sexual and reproductive health issues, service provider values about working with young people, gender roles, youth sexual and reproductive health issues, and communicating with young people.

  11. Lessons learnt: the peer education approach in promoting youth sexual and reproductive health

    The overall purpose of this study is to describe and highlight some of the work that IPPF is doing with young people in the field of sexual and reproductive health. …

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