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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Factors associated with teenage pregnancy in South Asia: a systematic review

    Background: South Asia has a large proportion of young people in the world and teenage pregnancy has emerged as one of the major public health problem among them. The objective of this study is to systematically review to identify the risk factors associated with teenage pregnancy in South Asian countries. Methods: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL database (1996 to April 2007) and web-based information. Inclusion criteria were the English-language papers available in the UK and describing teenage pregnancy in South Asia. …

  2. A Framework for media engagement on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity in South Asia: Regional framework, literature review and country case studies

    A Framework for Media Engagement on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Asia: Regional Framework, Literature Review and Country Case Studies provides direction for how men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender communities should engage with the media, and how the media itself should leverage its influence to reduce stigma and discrimination, educate and raise awareness of human rights issues, and support strategies and programmes that improve the political, social and legal environments for MSM and transgender people in South Asia. …

  3. Desk review of programmes for most at risk young people in six Pacific countries - Cook Islands, FSM, Marshall Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Samoa

    Across the Pacific region, youth population between 10-25 years of age represents about 56% of the pacific population of 9.5 million, with 37% under the age of 14 years. The region’s median age is 21 years. UNICEF, UNFPA and SPC jointly support 10 countries across the Pacific to deliver programs targeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people. A 2007 Review of the Adolescent Health and Development (AHD) Program recommended specifically targeting vulnerable, marginalized and most at risk groups of young people. …

  4. Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries

    This systematic review analyzes 24 mass media campaigns' effect on HIV knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. The studies were published between 1990 and 2004 about developing countries and compared outcomes by reviewing pre-and post-intervention data; intervention vs. control groups or post-intervention data across levels of exposure. …

  5. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

  6. A systematic literature review of HIV and AIDS research in Papua New Guinea 2007-2008

    The primary objectives of the review were to systematically collect and review studies on HIV, AIDS, STIs and STDs conducted in PNG between 2007 and 2008; to assess the quality and reliability of these studies; and to synthesize the research findings under common thematic areas. The secondary objective of the review was to identify relevant recommendations for researchers, policy makers, practitioners, and stakeholders. …

  7. Adolescent reproductive health in Bangladesh: big problem - little progress

    This presentation is an overview of the current situation of adolescent reproductive health in Bangladesh. It is focused on the various factors which afffects (HIV/AIDS, IDUs, gender voilence and lack of prevention education among young people) the adolescent health directly or indirectly. Also showing a comparision in the the fertility rate (age 15-19) among the adolescents in South Asia.

  8. Actions that protect: promoting sexual and reproductive health and choice among young people in India

    This paper synthesises the evidence on the sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, and explores what we know about underlying factors that place them at risk of or protect them from unsafe and unwanted sexual and reproductive health experiences. The picture that emerges suggests that substantial proportions of young people experience risky or unwanted sexual activity, do not receive prompt or appropriate care, and experience adverse reproductive health outcomes. …

  9. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  10. Adolescent and reproductive health in Pakistan: a literature review

    The report is a review of research findings on adolescents and reproductive health in Pakistan. The material is drawn from national surveys, medical research and information gathered by NGOs. The research shows the profile of adolescents in Pakistan with regard to the following issues: health and nutrition; sexual awareness and behaviour; prostitution and trafficking; sexual violence and sexual abuse; STDs; abortion; marriage and childbearing; fertility and family planning.

  11. Adolescent sexual and reproductive behavior: a review of the evidence from India

    Despite the fact that adolescents represent almost one quarter of the Indian population, their reproductive health needs are poorly understood and ill served. This paper documents the existing research on sexual and reproductive health, explores the knowledge and attitudes among this population in India, and highlights limitations of methodologies currently employed in research on adolescent reproductive health in India. …

  12. Gender and HIV/AIDS: supporting resources collection

    This document contains: Summaries of key resources outlining why gender is so important in understanding the impact and spread of HIV/AIDS; Practical examples of approaches from around the world, aiming to strengthen capacity building, advocacy, service delivery, and research; Short summaries of operational toolkits and guides; Information about courses, web sites, networking and contact details for organisations from around the world specialising in gender and HIV/AIDS.

  13. Relationships of HIV and STD decline in Thailand and behavioral change: a synthesis of existing studies

    Ce document passe en revue des données disponibles sur l'épidémie du SIDA en Thaïlande dans le but de : 1. Donner un aperçu des données épidémiologiques et de comportement; 2. Déterminer les changements intervenus aussi bien à l'échelle nationale que régionale; 3. Etudier la relation entre le comportement et l'infection du VIH/MST; 4. Explorer la possibilité de lier les aspects de comportement et épidémiologiques de l'épidémie; 5. Etudier le rapport entre le changement de comportement et les changements épidémiologiques et 6. Déterminer les implications pratiques des résultats dans la poursuite du programme national et des besoins exprimés par les orientations en Thaïlande.

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