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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Prevention education in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A review of policies and practices

    This review presents the results of an assessment of the policies and practices related to prevention education in ten countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA region). It consists of a regional overview (Chapters 1–6) and ten individual country assessments (Appendices 2–11). …

  2. Preventing HIV transmission in adolescents: an analysis of the Portuguese data from the Health Behaviour School-aged Children study and focus groups

    This research examined demographic, personal, family and school variables related to adolescents’ sexual behaviour and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS infected people. This research was also designed to understand the cognitive and emotional bases of the sexual decisions made by adolescents. Preventive research must explore how young people understand, manage and explore their sexuality, risk and relationships.

  3. Working towards better youth sex education in Europe

    This article describes Germany's approach to youth sex education. It starts with a discussion of the fact that sex education is viewed as a national responsibility, then goes into findings of the 2005 youth scientific foundation study on youth sexuality related to sex education at home and in the family; sex education in schools: widespread and well-received; first sexual intercourse; contraception andáuse of the media. The study concludes by saying that a clear relationships exists between sex education at home and positive contraceptive behavior. …

  4. Does Peer Education Work in Europe?

    This publication deals with current sexual and reproductive health issues. In this issue, a range of themes related to peer education are tackled, including its theoretical foundations and models; its role in battling STIs/HIV/AIDS in Denmark and the Russian Federation; theatre as a peer-led approach in central and eastern Europe; Hungary's approach to sex education; and the role of medical students in providing peer education.

  5. Evaluation of an AIDS education programme for young adults

    The aim of this randomized, pre-post test study was to evaluate the impact of AIDS education programs (Streetwize UK) on adolescents. Participants were identfied from six youth training centers in Nottingham, England. The participants were aged 16-19 years and each centre ws randomly allocated to experimental (n=173) or control (n=164) group. Sixty-six percent of the sample was sexually active. No differences were observed between groups at pre-test. …

  6. Changes in HIV/AIDS education, knowledge and attitudes among Scottish 15-16 year olds, 1990-1994: findings from the WHO Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study (HBSC)

    School health education programs are needed to curb the high prevalence of STIs and unintended pregnancies among adolescents in the UK. Accurate data on knowledge levels and sexual education needs are necessary to design effective programs. This paper discusses results of the WHO: Health Behaviours of School-aged Children Study on changes in knowledge, attitudes and perceived educational needs among Scottish school-going children between 1990 and 1994. …

  7. Peer education in HIV prevention: an evaluation in schools

    Peer education is increasingly being used to increase HIV and AIDS awareness among youth. This pilot cohort study tested the effectiveness of this approach among high school students in 10 schools in Athens, Greece. Over one year, 702 students were followed (n = 493 experimental group, n = 209 control group) and knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices assessed through a pre and post intervention questionnaire. Students in the intervention group were moderately more empowered to take personal responsibility and adopt safer sexual practices. …

  8. HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Sexual Behaviors as Predictors of Condom Use Among Young Adults in Croatia

    This report looks at data from a multistage probability sample of 1,093 Croatian youth aged 18-24 years in 2005. Regression was used to investigate relationships between HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and sexual behavior and condom use at first and last sexual encounter and consistent use of condoms. Results found that positive attitudes towards condoms and condom use at first intercourse were predictors for condom use at most recent intercourse and overall consistent use of condoms (OR: 1.3). Sex education programs should be given to youth before they become sexually active.

  9. AIDS knowledge and sexual activity among Flemish secondary school students: a multilevel analysis of the effects of type of education

    The behavior of adolescents puts them at an increased risk for HIV and other STIs, and their knowledge about HIV/AIDS is often inadequate. An understanding of how AIDS knowledge and sexual activity co-vary among Flemish secondary school students and of how education type, specifically, affects these students is limited. This study addresses the question of whether the effects of education type on HIV/AIDS knowledge and sexual activity are independent of the socio-demographic characteristics of the students.

  10. Young people's experiences of HIV and AIDS education

    The Sex Education Forum is a unique collaboration of diverse organisations representing children, parents, faith, disability, health and education. We believe thatáall children and young people are entitled to high quality sex and relationships education (SRE), which includes learning about HIV and AIDS. The House of Lords began an ad-hoc Select Committee on HIV and AIDS in the United Kingdom in January 2011 and is due to report in July 2011. One of the things the committee is investigating is whether education about HIV and AIDS is adequate and how to improve it. …

  11. Condoms - a user's guide

    Condoms - a users' guide, is a booklet written by H. Olsson for the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU), in 2008. It is an easy to read pocket size document that gives ten penis facts with implications for condom use. The ten facts discussed are: 1) Length, 2) shape, 3) large glans, 4) girth, 5) erection - harness varies, 6) the foreskin, 7) sensitivity, 8) the balls, 9) sharp hairs, and 10) latex allergies. At the end, the question of lubrificant is also addressed. The ten facts presented apply regardless of whether the reader has a female or male partner. …

  12. Sexual Health, HIV and AIDS. Booklet 1: Information and activities for teaching children and adolescents

    Sexual Health, HIV and AIDS is the first booklet in a serie of two booklet produced by the Child-to-Child Trust. It provides information and ideas for teaching children and young people about sexual health, HIV and AIDS. The main aim is to protect children and young people from the many risks of early sex. The booklet is for teachers, health workers and other development workers involved in teaching children and young people about sexual health, HIV and AIDS. It is also useful for those caring for children from families affected by HIV and AIDS. …

  13. Gendering prevention practices: a practical guide to working with gender in sexual safety and HIV and AIDS awareness education

    This manual is based on an action research project that explored gender relations in HIV and AIDS education in Estonia. It contains practical resources for educators or trainers seeking to take a gendered approach to HIV and AIDS awareness raising activities with young people. The manual aims at providing some concrete suggestions for activities that can allow and encourage people to enter the debates about gender issues, examine gender systems in their own society and connect the gender issues they identify to key challenges of sexual transmission of HIV and AIDS. …

  14. The AIDS Badge Curriculum

    The curriculum and fact sheets provide girls and young women with important information on HIV/AIDS and sexual health; organized according to ages (10-12, 13-15, 15+). The activities are designed to help them acquire and share information about HIV/AIDS with their families and friends; become more confident about issues related to sexual health and explore ways they can make a difference in the fight against HIV/AIDS. While designed for use in the activities of the Girl Guides and Girl Scouts Associations, it may also be of use in school-based HIV/AIDS education programmes. …

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