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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sex and relationships education: still not getting any?

    Are you happy with the sex and relationships education you have received? If not, it helps to know what you can do to make a difference in your local area. Read on to learn more about your rights, top tips and other young people like you who have made a difference.

  2. Framework for comprehensive sexuality education

    This Framework proposes principles and provides guidelines for the introduction of appropriate curricula for comprehensive sexuality education. The aim of this document is to work towards improving access to information concerning sexual and reproductive health as part of the school programme in the Republic of Macedonia through a consultative process involving relevant institutions and civic sector representatives. This document presents justifications and principles, and provides guidelines for the design of appropriate curricula for comprehensive sexuality education. …

  3. Key findings: young people's survey on sex and relationships education

    This briefing is a summary of the key findings of an online survey designed to find out from 16- to 25-year-olds what their experience of sex and relationships education (SRE) was at school, what topics they were taught and what made their SRE particularly good or bad. In total 1,709 self-selected young people responded to the survey.

  4. Sexuality education approaches: what would be applicable to North of Africa and Middle East?

    In this paper, Middle East and North of Africa are not presented from demographic dimension, rather from cultural one, where the most dominant religion is is Islam. Consequently, the paper will discuss applicability of sex education approaches from Islamic perspectives but within the Middle East and North of Africa context.

  5. Outcomes of three different models for sex education and citizenship programs concerning knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Brazilian adolescents

    This cross-sectional study describes three approaches to sex education in schools in three locations-- Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, and Salvador, all in Brazil. It compares knowledge, attitudes and practices related to sexuality, citizenship and gender among adolescents in schools with such programs, compared to controls in schools without them. Results show that the program in Salvador improved knowledge on sexuality and reproductive physiology, attitudes towards citizenship, and use of modern contraceptives compared to controls. …

  6. The Association of AIDS Education and Sex Education with Sexual Behavior and Condom Use Among Teenage Men

    A 1998 national U.S. survey of 15-19 year olds found that 73% had received education about AIDS, 79% about birth control and 58% about resisting sexual activity. Multivariate analysis shows that AIDS and sex education moderately but significantly decreased number of sexual partners and frequency of intercourse in the year prior to the survey. This type of education was also associated with more consistent condom use. Education on some topics was associated with increased knowledge and improved attitudes about AIDS, but these did not always correlate with safer sexual behavior.

  7. Love only after classes: needs assessment on sexuality education in Macedonia

    In Macedonia there is a need for introducing sexuality education in schools. This finding is a result of a research determining the needs of the parents, teachers and students, and reviewing the current school curricula. Both parents and teachers agree on the introduction of sexuality education as a regular subject in schools. Such subject, among others, must develop the practical skills for protection from risks related to sexual activity. …

  8. The application of Intervention Mapping in developing and implementing school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in a developing country context: the case of Tanzania

    Effective sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programmes are needed to protect young people against HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy in Tanzania and other Sub-Saharan African countries. Using a theory- and evidence-based approach and adapting the programmes to local contexts, increases the effectiveness of these programmes. This paper describes and discusses the challenges and opportunities concerning the application of Intervention Mapping (IM) in the development and implementation of a sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programme targeting young people aged 12-14 in Tanzania. …

  9. Parents and SRE: a Sex Education Forum evidence briefing

    This evidence briefing sets out the views and experiences of parents in relation to the sex and relationships education (SRE) of their children - both at home and at school. The thoughts and experiences of children and young people about their parents' role in SRE are presented in parallel. The briefing addresses the following eight questions, with key findings summarised at the end. 1. What is sex and relationships education? 2. Who do children and young people want to learn from? 3. What role do parents see for themselves in SRE? 4. What role do parents see for schools in SRE? 5. …

  10. Becoming a responsible teen adaptation kit. Tools and resources for making informed adaptations to BART: Becoming a responsible teen

    Although the primary goal of Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) is to decrease HIV infection among African-American adolescents ages 14 to 18, the curriculum also includes topics and activities relevant to teen pregnancy prevention. Teens learn to clarify their own values about sexual decisions and pressures, as well as practice skills to reduce sexual risk taking. These skills include correct condom use, assertive communication, refusal techniques, self-management and problem solving. Abstinence is woven throughout the curriculum and is discussed as the best way to prevent HIV and pregnancy. …

  11. Connections training of trainers workshop meeting report

    Connections is an adolescent and parent programme that helps girls and their mothers to become more confident and comfortable to talk about gender, relationships and sex. The programme provides information and life-skills around issues including puberty, growing up, relationships, dating, sexuality, pregnancy prevention, gender rights, alcohol use and parent-to-adolescent communications. The programme covers both the biological aspects of sex, and broader relational aspects such as peer and romantic relationships, love, reproduction, gender rights, HIV, risk-taking and peer influence. …

  12. Reducing Adolescent Sexual Risk: A Theoretical Guide for Developing and Adapting Curriculum-Based Programs

    Reducing Adolescent Sexual Risk helps to design, adapt and select curriculum-based programs to effectively address critical factors that affect adolescents' sexual decision making. Reducing Adolescent Sexual Risk offers a research-based, step-by-step guide to understanding 7 "sexual psychosocial" factors that affect sexual behavior. …

  13. Addressing gender and rights in your sex/HIV education curriculum: a starter checklist

    Attitudes and roles regarding gender are an important determinant of sexual health outcomes (including age at first sex, number of sexual partners, frequency of adolescent intercourse, use of condoms and contraceptives, and HIV infection). Fostering young people's critical reflection about gender role socialization has been proven to change attitudes and to lead to healthier sexual behavior. This checklist can help you assess how effectively your curriculum is addressing these issues and help you identify changes that can strengthen your curriculum. …

  14. Reaching very young adolescents (VYAs): advancing program, research and evaluation practices

    This report is based on a meeting held June 10-11th, 2010, in Washington, DC. …

  15. Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?

    Abstinence Only vs. Comprehensive Sex Education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence? is a document focusing on the impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex education programs established in United States. Indeed, the United States still has the highest rates of STIs and teen pregnancy of any industrialized nation. Since President Bush, the Congress tends to promotes abstinence-only approach that will likely have serious unintended consequences by denying young people access to the information they need to protect themselves. …

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