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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The emerging face of the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa

    Purpose of review: A volume of quality HIV data has materialized recently in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This review provides a thematic narrative of the patterns of HIV infection transmission in this region in light of these data. Recent findings: Tens of integrated bio-behavioral surveillance surveys among hard-to-reach key populations at higher risk have been conducted in MENA in the recent years. Many of the studies reported appreciable and growing HIV prevalence. …

  2. Sexual behavior among persons living with HIV in Uganda: Implications for policy and practice

    Introduction: HIV epidemics are sustained and propagated by new cases of infection which result from transmission from infected persons to uninfected susceptible individuals. People living with HIV (PLHIV) play a critical role in prevention if they adopt safer sexual behaviors. This study estimated the prevalence of and factors associated with safer sexual behaviors among PLHIV seeking care from civil society organizations (CSOs). …

  3. Let’s talk about sex: A qualitative study of Rwandan adolescents’ views on sex and HIV

    Objective: This qualitative study explored the views and experiences of adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV in Kigali, Rwanda, regarding sex, love, marriage, children and hope for the future. Design: The study enrolled 42 adolescents who had received combination antiretroviral therapy for at least 12 months, and a selection of their primary caregivers. Study methods included 3 multiple day workshops consisting of role-playing and focus group discussions (FGDs) with adolescents, 8 in-depth interviews with adolescents, and one FGD with caregivers. …

  4. Having sex, becoming somebody: A qualitative study assessing (sexual) identity development of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS

    A growing number of adolescents are living with HIV/AIDS. For their well-being and for prevention, age- and culturally appropriate interventions become increasingly important. This qualitative study was conducted as the first step to develop a sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention. The study's objective was to assess the impact of HIV and related contextual conditions on identity formation of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALH) in the domains of physical, cognitive, social, and sexual development. Data were collected using focus group discussions (FGDs). …

  5. Maisha Newsletter December 2011

    Maisha+ focuses on sharing experiences and lessons in reaching out to the hard-to-reach community populations in Sub Saharan African with HIV and AIDS interventions. In this issue: -Towards zero HIV infections, discrimination and AIDS deaths for hard to reach communities -Violence against women contributing to spread of HIV -Supporting Associations of people living with HIV in Uganda -Challenges in addressing traditional beliefs and practices in HIV and AIDS among the Maasai -Working with sexual minorities in Rwanda -Stop the discrimination! -testimony from a victim of assault

  6. Sexual, reproductive health needs and rights of young people with perinatally acquired HIV in Uganda

    The number of young people with perinatally acquired HIV is growing significantly. With antiretroviral drugs, children who get infected at birth with HIV have an opportunity to graduate into adolescence and adulthood. This achievement notwithstanding, new challenges have emerged in their care and support needs, the most dynamic being their sexual and reproductive health needs and rights (SRHR). …

  7. Práticas educativas e prevenção de HIV/Aids: lições aprendidas e desafios atuais

    A prevenção tem sido uma questão crucial para os programas de controle da Aids. Os enormes progressos doá conhecimento e da técnica nesse campo não chegaram a alterar substantivamente os determinantes fundamentais da infecção e adoecimento de significativos contingentes populacionais. Neste ensaio busca-se sistematizar as lições que aprendemos no campo da prevenção nessas duas décadas de epidemia, tomando como base, em especial, a experiência brasileira. …

  8. Sem Direito de Amar? A Vontade de Ter Filhos entre Homens (e Mulheres) Vivendo com o HIV

    O presente artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa com 250 homens portadores do HIV com vida sexualmente ativa em relaçâo ao cuidado com a sua saúde reprodutiva em centros de referência de Aids, comparando-os com estudos realizados com mulheres portadoras. Apesar das conquistas queápermitem a paternidade sem infecção da parceira e da criança, os resultados indicam pouco acolhimento, mesmo nos centros de excelência pesquisados. …

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