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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Most at Risk Young People Survey Cambodia 2010

    Cambodia's Most at Risk Young People Survey (MARYPS) 2010 is a follow up survey of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey conducted in 2004. The survey provides the policymakers and planners with data on alcohol, drug and sex related behaviors and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services among MARYP. This survey is jointly supported by FHI, PSI, UNAIDS, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO.

  2. Africa regional consultation with youth on HIV/AIDS and sexual reproductive health

    The regional Consultation was organized to facilitate dialogue among young people and key stakeholders on effective approaches and partnerships for addressing youth Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV/AIDS issues, to document promising youth-focused interventions in national HIV/AIDS and SRH programs, and to identify ways of strengthening linkages between SRH and HIV/AIDS services. …

  3. Global Consultation on Strengthening the Health Sector Response to Care, Support, Treatment and Prevention for Young People Living with HIV

    The overarching objective of the consultation was to review and synthesize the experiences of young people living with HIV and health workers responsible for providing services for them, including the identification of gaps and obstacles in the provision and use of services, in order to offer practical recommendations on how to improve the health sector response. …

  4. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  5. Blame and banishment: the underground HIV epidemic affecting children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report highlights the issues faced by children living with HIV, adolescents engaged in risky behaviors, pregnant women using drugs, and the more than one million children and young people who live or work on the streets of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Marginalized young people are exposed on a daily basis to multiple risks, including drug use, commercial sex and other exploitation and abuse, putting them at higher risk of contracting HIV. The trends are especially troubling, as the region is home to 3.7 million injecting drug users - almost a quarter of the world's total. …

  6. UNAIDS Outlook report 2010 supplement: young people are leading the HIV prevention revolution

    Young people are leading the prevention revolution by taking definitive action to protect themselves from HIV. A change is happening among young people across the world, especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Waiting longer to become sexually active, young people have fewer multiple partners and there is an increased use of condoms among those with multiple partners. And HIV prevalence among young people is dropping in many key countries. The impact - HIV prevalence among young people is falling in 16 of the 21 countries most affected by HIV. …

  7. Trends in the burden of orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: evidence from national household surveys, 1994-2006

    This study assesses trends in the prevalence and status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) based on data from 2005-06, 1999, and 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS). The study examines four categories of OVC - orphans, fostered children, children in households with no adults age 18-59, and children in households with chronic illness or recent death due to chronic illness. …

  8. Umthente Uhlaba Usamila - The second South African youth risk behaviour survey 2008

    The first Youth Risk Behaviour Survey (YRBS) conducted in 2002, was one of the first studies undertaken in South Africa, and possibly in Africa, to establish the prevalence of key risk behaviours affecting the country's youth. …

  9. A research study on status of sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in Pakistan

    World Population Foundation, Pakistan conducted this study with the aim to acquire a clear picture of SRH Rights' situation of young people in Pakistan. The purpose of this research was to get a vivid image of the current situation on one hand and on the other hand to use the findings of the research to influence positive change through programmatic interventions and policy advocacy initiatives. Both quantitative and qualitative methods of research were used for the purpose of this research. …

  10. Are they listening? The response of teens to HIV/AIDS prevention messages and campaigns

    This report is primarily for practitioners working on developing HIV prevention and awareness campaigns and messages for teens and young people. It summarizes theáfindings of a study conducted in three Eastern Caribbean countries on the responses of teens to HIV campaigns and messages in their countries.

  11. HIV prevention in young people in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    This updated review will focus on interventions carried out and/or published from January 2005 - December 2008. Since the first Steady, Ready, Go! (SRG) review was carried out, the results of several major randomized controlled trials of adolescent HIV prevention interventions conducted in Africa have been reported. …

  12. Adolescent sexual health in West Africa: rights, realities, responses

    This publication is addressed to people who work with adolescents in West Africa, be it as teachers, nurses or social workers, as activists, politicians or bureaucrats, in national institutions or in international organisations. It draws attention to the rights and needs of a demographic group that is often neglected in social development initiatives. The publication is part of Plan's effort to refocus the lens used to view the African continent. …

  13. South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008. A turning tide among teenagers

    South Africa's first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV and AIDS was conducted in 2002. A second survey was completed in 2005 and this, the third, in 2008. This report provides an analysis of trends across the three surveys and begins to map the ways in which the shape of the pandemic in South Africa has changed since 2002. Indicators for assessing mid-term progress made in implementing South Africa's National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS, 2007-2011 are also provided. …

  14. Koffi... la rue... le sida

    Koffi... la rue... le sida est une bande dessinée, éditée par l'UNESCO en 2003 dans le cadre du Programme d'Education des Enfants en Situation Difficile. Elle s'adresse avant tout aux éducateurs et aux enfants des rues, particulièrement exposés au VIH/sida en raison de la promiscuité dans laquelle ils vivent et des risques de contraintes sexuelles auxquelles ils sont exposés. Il vise à transmettre des informations objectives et liées aux risques objectifs concrets auxquels les enfants des rues sont confrontés afin de les aider à réduite leur vulnérabilité face au VIH et au SIDA. …

  15. Impact of HIV/AIDS on gender, orphans and vulnerable children. Discussion outcomes of CHGA Interactive Cameroon

    The meeting, which lasted one day and a half, was divided into three main sessions. In the first session, participants offered their views and experiences on available response strategies to the challenge of orphans and vulnerable children after listening to three presentations on the topic. In the second session, participants discussed the dynamics of HIV/AIDS and gender after hearing to three inputs by experts in the field. …

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