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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. How reliable are reports of early adolescent reproductive and sexual health events in demographic and health surveys?

    CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut, age at first marriage or first union and age at first birth are among the most widely used indicators of health and well-being for female adolescents. However, the accuracy of estimates for these indicators, particularly for younger adolescents, is poorly understood. METHODS: For each of nine countries in Africa and Latin America, Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from two surveys conducted five years apart were used to examine women’s reports of age at sexual debut, marriage or first union, and first birth. …

  2. Juventud, cultura sexual y respuesta social al VIH/SIDA en Centroamérica y el Caribe: Campañas de prevención y culturas institucionales en Guatemala, Honduras y República Dominicana

    Este trabajo presenta un estudio de las campanas de prevención de VIH/SIDA en los medios de comunicación. Es resultado de una indagación sobre el trabajo que realizan los protagonistas de la respuesta social al VIH/SIDA en sus diferentes niveles; esto es, a nivel de Gobierno, de las ONG, de la Cooperación Internacional y del trabajo comunitario que realizan los agentes multiplicadores (jóvenes voluntarios de ONG) en Honduras, Republica Dominicana y Guatemala. …

  3. Overlooked and at Risk: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Caribbean

    As long as criminalization of homosexuality and stigma, discrimination and violence against LGBT individuals continues in the Caribbean, the emotional and physical health of LGBT young people is at risk. All young people have the right to be treated equally under the law and to live free of discrimination and harassment. Organizations, governments, and individuals must work toward full acceptance and recognition of LGBT people, including young people.

  4. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

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