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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Coming of age in the classroom: religious and cultural barriers to comprehensive sexuality education

    This paper elucidates evidence which underscores anxieties and panic about sexuality and sexual behaviour of young people influenced by movements advancing a distinct religious identity, and the implications for advocacy on advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). Synthesised in this document is evidence from two countries - Bangladesh and India - on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), an area of controversy (to varying degree) in both countries. Evidence from each country stem from national studies on the influence of religion on CSE, and are qualitative in nature. …

  2. The sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in India: a review of the situation

    This paper synthesises the evidence on sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, sheds light on those sub-populations of young people who are most vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes, and assesses the barriers that compromise the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people at the individual and family levels, as well as at the programme delivery level.

  3. The capacity of national human rights institutions to address human rights in relation to sexual orientation, gender identity and HIV: Regional report

    This study takes stock of recent developments in a number of South and South-east Asian countries in relation to the issue of sexual orientation and gender identity. It provides a welcome update of positive initiatives from various national human rights institutions, in addressing the discrimination, stigmatization and violations facing individuals and groups who simply wish “to be” what they actually are. These initiatives include research, advocacy, education, public mobilization, and contributions to judicial decisions, laws, policies and other processes to protect human rights.

  4. On the association between HIV knowledge and risky sexual behavior in India

    This paper estimates the association between HIV knowledge and risky sexual behavior in India. Using data from the third wave of the national demographic survey, the authors find that better HIV related knowledge does not always promote safer sexual practices. While, better HIV knowledge increases the likelihood of condom use, it also increases the likelihood of pre-marital sex, and reduces the likelihood of abstinence. These effects are much stronger for males when compared to females. …

  5. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  6. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  7. Reproductive health education intervention trial

    This experimental study was conducted to measure the effectiveness of a reproductive health education package in improving the knowledge of adolescent girls aged 15-19 years in Chandigarh (India). The method included a reproductive health education package, developed in consultation with parents, teachers and adolescents, was delivered to randomly sampled classes of two senior secondary schools and one school was selected as control. …

  8. Does audio-CASI improve reports of risky behaviour?: evidence from a randomized field trial among male youth in urban India

    This study compares the effectiveness of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (Audio-CASI) with face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires in collecting sensitive information on risky sexual and other behaviors among young men in urban India. A randomized study design compared data collected from 900 male college students using the three data-collection approaches and from 600 young men residing in slums using Audio-CASI and face-to-face interviews. …

  9. A survey report on information needs assessment on ARH in selected countries in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is the outcome of a survey conducted in May 2004 among programmes/projects or organizations with Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) activities, UNFPA's country offices in the Asia and the Pacific region and other partners. It was meant to update information on ARSH needs to more effectively assist programmes dealing with ARSH in Asia and the Pacific region, and to serve as the basis to prepare a regional work plan of interventions. This document is available online at http://www2.unescobkk.org/elib/publications/arh_assessment/ARH_assessment.pdf#

  10. Reproductive and sexual health education-care-counseling for married adolescents, rural India

    The brief presents preliminary evaluation findings of a study carried out in Pune district, Maharashtra in India to find out whether provision of reproductive health education, sexual counselling, and improved clinical referrals can function as a comprehensive package to improve SRH of married youth ages 14-25 years.

  11. Towards adulthood : exploring the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in South Asia

    The publication provides a comprehensive overview of the socio-demographic and sexual and reproductive health situation of adolescents in South Asia, including available evidence about the health risks and challenges that young people face in South Asian countries.

  12. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Goa

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Goa. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  13. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Uttarakhand

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Uttarakhand. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  14. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Bihar

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Bihar. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  15. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Jharkhand

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Jharkhand. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

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