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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Lessons learned from a review of interventions for adolescent and young key populations in Asia Pacific and opportunities for programming

    BACKGROUND: Over a third of new HIV infections globally are among 15-24 year-olds and over 20% among adolescents aged 10-19 years in Asia Pacific. The review was initiated to identify interventions in the region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP) looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery. The review is a component of a more comprehensive review undertaken by UNICEF and partners in the region. METHODS:This was a desk review of over 1000 articles, and 37 were selected. …

  2. Peer-based education and the integration of HIV and sexual and reproductive health services for young people in Vietnam: Evidence from a project evaluation

    Introduction: This paper reports changes in behavioral outcomes related to the use of HIV testing service of a project that employed peer-based education strategies and integration of HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) services targeting young people aged 15–24 across 5 provinces in Vietnam. Methods: A pre-test/post-test, non-experimental evaluation design was used. …

  3. Drug abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention through mass media, NGOs and civil society organizations

    Project RER/H37 Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS Prevention through Mass Media, NGOs and Civil Society (2004-2007) aimed to mobilize the efforts of governments, the media, and civil society organizations to produce an expanded and concerted response to drug abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Central Asia. …

  4. Don't ask don't tell. Hidden in the crowd : the need for documenting links between sexuality and suicidal behaviours amoung young people. Report on the same-sex attracted youth suicide data collection project

    This project was commissioned to establish whether agencies and services collected qualitative or quantitative data that might demonstrate links between suicidal behaviours and issues of sexuality for young people. …

  5. HIV prevention on youth: final report

    This report covers a focus group discussion on HIV and AIDS information needs among university students in Jakarta and Papua as well as the report of the establishment of an HIV Prevention for youth E-learning course using video conference and webinar for the university students.

  6. The World Starts With Me: using intervention mapping for the systematic adaptation and transfer of schoolbased sexuality education from Uganda to Indonesia

    Evidence-based health promotion programmes, including HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education programmes, are often transferred to other cultures, priority groups and implementation settings. Challenges in this process include the identification of retaining core elements that relate to the programme’s effectiveness while making changes that enhances acceptance in the new context and for the new priority group. This paper describes the use of a systematic approach to programme adaptation using a case study as an example. …

  7. Assessment life-skills based curriculum in Lao PDR

    According to the 2010 UNGASS Country Progress Report, Lao PDR is the only country in the Greater Mekong Region with a continuing low HIV prevalence. However, the report makes it clear that the country is “continuously vulnerable to an expanding epidemic” and that a key reason for this is increasing high-risk behaviour among the youth, in particular the use of drugs and alcohol. …

  8. A pre-intervention study in the implementation of school-based family life education

    Young people face a variety of reproductive health risks: sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV, early and unintended pregnancy, sexual abuse and exploitation. Family Life Education (FLE) in Fiji Islands is a long-term intervention strategy to deliver age-appropriate information and education on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in schools. This pre-intervention study examined the associations of gender, religion and ethnicity with SRH knowledge, attitudes and perceived behaviour of peers in a sample of school-age adolescents. …

  9. Helping Tajik youth to achieve sexual and reproductive good health: report on the project Adolescent Reproductive Health in Tajikistan - May 2009 to April 2010

    This final report of a reproductive health project for adolescents in 4 villages in the district of Penjikent (north-western Tajikistan) summarizes 12 months of activities conducted from May 2009 to April 2010. The purpose of our engagement was to help Tajik youth to achieve sexual and reproductive good health, an issue also widely addressed in many other countries and promoted by the World Health Organization. …

  10. A Reproductive health communication model that helps improve young women's reproductive life and reduce population growth: The case of PRACHAR from Bihar, India

    PRACHAR, a reproductive health communication model developed and tested in rural Bihar, India, has been found to be successful in (a) delaying age at marriage and onset of childbearing, (b) increasing contraceptive use for spacing of pregnancies, and (c) generating the most positive impact on contraceptive use among the socioeconomically least advantaged. This paper presents the results of an exercise that estimates the impact of implementing the PRACHAR model in the reproductive health and family planning programs in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. …

  11. Assessment of Utilization of the HIV Interventions by Sex Workers in Selected Brothels in Bangladesh

    This study aims to examine changes in knowledge, attitude and behavioural practices of the female sex workers (FSWs) for STI and HIV and AIDS prevention and to understand the socio-cultural context for these changes in the selected brothels. It shows that the peer educators were found to be acceptable and credible facilitators to the FSWs in brothels. It shows that FSWs' high knowledge of STIs/HIV/AIDS was not always supported by the skills to negotiate with the clients. Therefore, more life skills training and role-playing exercises will be part of the training program for the FSWs. …

  12. Evaluation of a school-based sexual and reproductive health education intervention among adolescents in rural Bangladesh

    This article is based on a school-based intervention which was undertaken to improve knowledge about reproduction, fertility, and contraception among adolescents in Bangladesh. The study was carried out from February 2001 to September 2002. The objective of the study was to determine the ffectiveness of school-based intervention which combined community sensitization with the distribution of three booklets addressing 1) puberty, 2) fertility and family planning, and 3) STDs/AIDS. …

  13. Sexual and reproductive health of young people: experiences from Technical Cooperation Projects

    The document comprises a selection of 43 project examples representing 41 GTZ projects that are concerned with SRH of young people. Information for each project covers background information, project approach, results and experiences as well as outlook on future plans of the project.

  14. Final report BSS II - 1998 & changes in sexual behaviour and commercial sex in Cambodia : 1997-1998

    The report presents findings from the second round of the Cambodian Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BSS) completed in June 1998 as well as some important differences in the levels of reported behaviour from the BSSI (1997) to the BSS II (1998). The BSSII was conducted in the provinces in Cambodia to track sexual behaviour changes in Cambodia.

  15. Lessons learnt: the peer education approach in promoting youth sexual and reproductive health

    The overall purpose of this study is to describe and highlight some of the work that IPPF is doing with young people in the field of sexual and reproductive health. …

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