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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexuality education in life orientation: scripted lesson plans; Grade 12

    The core aim of Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) and the new structured lesson plans is to help learners build an understanding of concepts, content, values and attitudes around sexuality, sexual behaviour as well as leading safe and healthy lives. The educator’s guide is intended to assist educators with the provision of content, effective teaching methods and tools for measuring what learners have absorbed. …

  2. Sexuality education in life orientation: scripted lesson plans; Grade 8

    The core aim of Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) and the new structured lesson plans is to help learners build an understanding of concepts, content, values and attitudes around sexuality, sexual behaviour as well as leading safe and healthy lives. The educator’s guide is intended to assist educators with the provision of content, effective teaching methods and tools for measuring what learners have absorbed. …

  3. National policy on HIV, STI's and TB for learners, educators, school support staff and officials in all primary and secondary schools in the basic education sector

    The Department of Basic Education National Policy on HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections and Tuberculosis 2017 was developed through a participatory consultative process with stakeholders inside and outside the Basic Education sector. The Policy presents a bold new vision for the sector, to drive the response on HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) as well as Tuberculosis.

  4. Impact evaluation of a school-based sexuality and HIV prevention education activity in South Africa: baseline survey report

    Gaining the knowledge and skills necessary to make healthy choices about sexual behavior as adolescent learners transition to young adulthood is key to controlling the potentially devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  5. The effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence in young women in rural South Africa (HPTN 068): a phase 3, randomised controlled trial

    Cash transfers have been proposed as an intervention to reduce HIV-infection risk for young women in sub-Saharan Africa. However, scarce evidence is available about their effect on reducing HIV acquisition. The authors aimed to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence among young women in rural South Africa. Based on their research findings, the authors draw the conclusion that cash transfers conditional on school attendance did not reduce HIV incidence in young women. School attendance significantly reduced risk of HIV acquisition, irrespective of study group. …

  6. Field guide to HIV and STIs

    The purpose of this Field Guide to HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) is to provide essential information in simple language about these diseases and their management and control to Schools, Educators, Principals and other Education Managers.

  7. Department of Basic Education integrated strategy on HIV, STIs and TB 2012-2016

    The Department of Basic Education (DBE) Integrated Strategy on HIV, STIs and TB 2012-2016 represents the DBE’s vision for a five-year period and articulates the intentions of the Department as it responds to the HIV, STI and TB crises in South Africa and their impact on educational outcomes and the delivery of quality basic education. …

  8. The curricular response to HIV/AIDS at Rhodes University

    In 2008 Rhodes University was awarded a European Union grant through South Africa’s national Higher Education HIV/AIDS Programme (HEAIDS), to support the university’s HIV/AIDS interventions. The Rhodes project — entitled ‘A Comprehensive Institutional Response to HIV/AIDS’ — comprised several components, one of which was to research the institution’s curricular response. Regionally, the curricular response in higher education lags behind all others in the sector — despite having been identified as a priority area for intervention. …

  9. Draft Department of Basic Education national policy on HIV, STIs and TB

    The Department of Basic Education HIV, STIs and TB Policy applies to all learners, educators, school support staff and officials in the Basic Education Sector at all public and independent primary and secondary schools in the Republic of South Africa. …

  10. Early adolescent pregnancy increases risk of incident HIV infection in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: a longitudinal study

    INTRODUCTION: Adolescents having unprotected heterosexual intercourse are at risk of HIV infection and unwanted pregnancy. However, there is little evidence to indicate whether pregnancy in early adolescence increases the risk of subsequent HIV infection. In this paper, we tested the hypothesis that adolescent pregnancy (aged 15 or younger) increases the risk of incident HIV infection in young South African women. …

  11. Implementation of adolescent-friendly voluntary medical male circumcision using a school based recruitment program in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Background: Epidemiological data from South Africa demonstrate that risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in males increases dramatically after adolescence. Targeting adolescent HIV-negative males may be an efficient and cost-effective means of maximising the established HIV prevention benefits of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in high HIV prevalence–, low circumcision practice–settings. This study assessed the feasibility of recruiting male high school students for VMMC in such a setting in rural KwaZulu-Natal. …

  12. Cash plus care: social protection cumulatively mitigates HIV-risk behaviour among adolescents in South Africa

    Objectives: It is not known whether cumulative ‘cash plus care’ interventions can reduce adolescent HIV-infection risks in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated whether parental AIDS and other environmental adversities increase adolescent HIVrisk behaviour and whether social protection provision of ‘cash’ or integrated ‘cash plus care’ reduces HIV-risk behaviour. Design: A prospective observational study with random sampling (<2.5% baseline refusal, 1-year follow-up, 96.8% retention). …

  13. Guidelines for development and implementation of institutional HIV and AIDS policies

    These Guidelines aim to provide practical assistance to any higher education institution that wishes to embark on a process for the development/review and implementation of institutional policies and programmes on HIV and AIDS. It also provides guidance on how to establish an effective M&E system to support implementation of institutional policies and programmes. There are 5 sections, each of which provide broad actions, steps and a checklist to guide the development/review and implementation of institutional HIV and AIDS policies and programmes.

  14. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  15. Exploratory study of the social contexts, practices and risks of men who sell sex in Southern and Eastern Africa

    The aim of the research presented in this report was to explore the social contexts, life experiences, vulnerabilities and sexual risks experienced by men who sell sex in Southern and Eastern Africa, with a focus on five countries; Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe (an in particular with research activities in the Kenya and Namibia). …

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