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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The World Starts With Me: using intervention mapping for the systematic adaptation and transfer of schoolbased sexuality education from Uganda to Indonesia

    Evidence-based health promotion programmes, including HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education programmes, are often transferred to other cultures, priority groups and implementation settings. Challenges in this process include the identification of retaining core elements that relate to the programme’s effectiveness while making changes that enhances acceptance in the new context and for the new priority group. This paper describes the use of a systematic approach to programme adaptation using a case study as an example. …

  2. Resource needs for an expanded HIV response: HIV costing and modeling tools

    The Resource Needs Model (RNM) is an Excel-based tool used to calculate the total resources needed at national and decentralized levels for HIV-related prevention and care, as well as support for orphans and vulnerable children. The RNM can help inform national- and district-level budgeting and strategic planning efforts; it estimates: the resources needed for interventions that aim to achieve expected coverage of a particular population using default unit costs; and resource implications of extending interventions and coverage and introducing unit cost changes.

  3. OVC interventions approaches to determing costs: HIV costing and modeling tools

    Worldwide, millions of children are affected and made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. Despite continued treatmentand prevention efforts, the number of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) worldwide will likely increase, emphasizing theimportance of understanding the costs of OVC interventions. …

  4. AIDS impact HIV and AIDS projections for policy dialogue, planning and advocacy: HIV costing and modeling tools

    The AIDS Impact Model (AIM) is a component of the Spectrum System of Policy Models. It is used to project thefuture number of HIV infections, AIDS cases, and AIDS deaths, given assumptions about adult HIV prevalence, as well as the demographic and social impacts of HIV.

  5. HIV tools for planning and response: HIV costing and modeling tools

    The USAID Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1,developed several HIV modeling tools that can be used for various HIV and AIDS policy development andimplementation exercises. The tools are user-friendly Excel- or Windows-based models that can be used to help in-country partners understand the magnitude of health challenges,explore policy and resource options, and set priorities. The HIV modeling tools are designed to answer many questions, including "what if" questions related to resources, healthcare providers and services, and service coverage. …

  6. Spatial modeling of HIV prevalence in Kenya

    A clear understanding of geographic distribution of HIV-infected people and maintaining up-to-date lists and locations of facilities providing HIV-related services are essential for monitoring the epidemic and for providing treatment, care, and support services to the infected and their families. In this study, we model and map human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in Kenya in relation to its spatial and behavioral determinants, using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). …

  7. Viet Nam HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projection 2007 - 2012

    To support HIV/AIDS program planning, the Ministry of Health has carried out HIV/AIDS estimates and projections since 2003 based on recommendations of the UN Reference Group on Estimates, Modeling and Projections. In 2007 and 2008, the Viet Nam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC) in the Ministry of Health collaborated with national and international partners to conduct a second round of Estimates and Projections in Viet Nam in 2007-2008, which optimized the use of existing data to obtain updated HIV epidemiologic data. …

  8. HIV/AIDS Treatment and Prevention in India: modeling the costs and consequences

    This publication by the World Bank analyses three alternative plans for using and financing antiretroviral therapy (ART) in India. The three policies analyzed in this document include a minimalist policy in which the government strengthens private sector delivery, an intermediate policy of providing treatment for mothers who have AIDS and their spouses, and a generous policy of providing treatment to the poorest 40 percent of all AIDS patients. …

  9. The National Guidelines for the Management of HIV and AIDS in Children in Nepal

    These Guidelines aim to provide up-to-date, evidence based, practical information and knowledge designed to help health service providers to make informed decisions on the management of HIV and AIDS in children and to gain basic knowledge about HIV and AIDS in the pediatric age group. The guidelines are mainly based on algorithms with annotations and reflect international best practice. …

  10. Economic Inequality and HIV in Malawi

    The relationship between economic inequality and HIV infection among young Malawian women is estimated with multi-level logit models of the individual probability of being infected. Two community levels are considered: the immediate neighbourhood, and Malawi's districts. We find a strong positive association between communal inequality and the risk of HIV infection. The relationship between economic status and HIV status, at communal and individual levels, is less clear-cut, but individual absolute poverty does not increase the risk of HIV infection. …

  11. The Conflict and HIV/AIDS Nexus: An Empirical Assessment

    Within this report, we outline what is generally known about HIV/AIDS and the influence of conflict on the disease. We then discuss the first systematic effort to explore the relationship as well as some limitations with this analysis, prompting the current investigation. Following this, we present our general argument, the data and the research design that we use to explore it. In the next section, we discuss our empirical findings from the global and Rwandan analyses. What do we find? …

  12. Trauma, Guilt and Self Esteem - Counselling Training Manual

    Improved counseling skills have been identified as a key to better serving adolescent clients and combating HIV and AIDS, particularly for the poor and the marginalized. The objectives of this training manual include (1) building the capacities of counselors and service providers in three areas: self esteem development, dealing with trauma, and addressing guilt; (2) providing practical and hands-on training by using participatory teaching methods; and (3) responding to the needs of counselors so that they can apply knowledge and experience in their respective settings.

  13. Building blocks in practice. Participatory tools to improve the development of care and support for orphans and vulnerable children

    Esta publicação foi concebida pela International HIV/AIDS Alliance para ajudar as comunidades a avaliar as situações e as necessidades das suas crianças e os recursos disponíveis, e identificar as acções que podem tomar, usando o processo de "acção para aprendizagem participativa". E destinado a organizações de formação e treinadores individuais assim como a programas de apoio às ONGs e ONGs internacionais. As ferramentas foram desenvolvidas e testadas durante uma reunião no Quénia, onde a KANCO foi anfitria, com ONGs/OBCs de Moçambique, Burkina Faso e Quénia e a equipa da Aliança. …

  14. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary schools. Teacher's guide for standard 7

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  15. Projecting the impact of AIDS on the education system

    This PowerPoint presentation presented at the Sub-Regional seminar on HIV/AIDs education in Kenya summarizes the impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education System. The 27 slides highlight on population level effects of HIV/AIDS and gives a situational analysis of a country using projection models. Graphical presentations which include population projections of a country with the presence and absence of HIV/AIDS are shown. Also shown on the slides are projection models showing how HIV/AIDS has affected Zambia's economic and financial sector and its impact to the education sector up to the year 2010.

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