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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  2. Overlooked! Let's Know Thyself! A qualitative study on cultural factors in transmission, prevention, care and treatment of HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh

    This study report is an attempt to identify the fact and factors behind our cultural and social dispositions that influence HIV infections with an objective to think out of the box and dig into issues which contribute to the epidemic in our daily urban and rural lifestyles. The study revealed with strong evidence that the people of Bangladesh value their traditional practices but increasingly yield to significant pressure of mixed western culture and many of these traditions and practices have a bearing on sexual relations, and therefore HIV transmission.

  3. Toward Universal Access: Examples of municipal HIV programming for men who have sex with men and transgender people is six Asian cities

    This report analyzes current city-level responses in Manila, Bangkok, Jakarta, Yangon, Ho Chi Minh City and Chengdu to highlight innovate responses and underlines that city-based responses will have a critical impact on tackling HIV among MSM and transgender persons. The study also confirms that progress continues to be hampered by the existence of restrictive legal environment and policies, selective enforcement practices and the lack of local coordination between health, law enforcement officials and community based organizations. …

  4. HIV and AIDS Related Employment Discrimination in China

    This report summarizes a broad body of existing research as well as reviews new research conducted by the ILO and Maries Stopes International. The findings point to a trend of increasing discrimination against workers that contradicts both national policies and international standards. …

  5. Older-age Parents and the AIDS Epidemic in Thailand: Changing Impacts in the Era of Antiretroviral Therapy

    This publication presents the findings of the study on older-age parents and the AIDS epidemic in Thailand: changing impacts in the era of antiretroviral therapy to assist policymakers addressing similar contextual environments to further understand the epidemic, its impact on elderly caregivers and their contributions, especially by their assisting with treatment adherence. …

  6. Build it and they will come. Lessons from the Northern Economic Corridor: Migrating HIV and other diseases

    This report examines the impact on the local people of an important infrastructure project in northwest Lao - the upgrade of Route 3, which forms part of the northern economic corridor linking Thailand with China. The report also outlines the implications for future HIV mitigation programs, and recommends ways to ensure that future programs maximize the good that infrastructure development brings and minimize negative impacts.

  7. USAID Project Profiles: Children affected by HIV/AIDS

    This document describes projects that aim at combine HIV/AIDS prevention with care and support for affected children and their families. This report, which updates the first and second editions (published October 2001 and July 2002 respectively), presents projects profiles for 83 country specific and 16 regional or global projects currently funded by USAID. …

  8. Papua New Guinea National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS, 2006-2010

    The government's National Strategic Plan (NSP) on HIV/AIDS, 2004-2008 is the second National Plan succeeding the Medium Term Plan (1998-2002). Over the past fifteen years, the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Papua New Guinea (PNG) reached significant heights calling for renewed energies and directions to contain a fast spreading epidemic. PNG has recently been declared the fourth country in the Asia-Pacific region with a generalised epidemic. The National Strategic Plan places priority on seven focus areas : 1. Treatment, counselling, care and support; 2. Education and prevention; 3. …

  9. Independent review group on HIV/AIDS. Report from an assessment visit 27 August - 9 September 2008

    The Government of Papua New Guinea (GoPNG) has endorsed a National Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV and AIDS 2006 to 2010. An annual planning exercise for the implementation of the NSP is undertaken each year which aims to bring stakeholders together into one planning cycle. The outcome of the process is intended to be an approved GoPNG HIV Development Budget and Plan for the coming year containing details of funded activities to support NSP implementation. …

  10. Edutainment for development and sexual health

    This issue of Sexual Health Exchange published by SAFAIDS and the Royal Institute (KIT) is devoted to edutainment for development and sexual health. The term "edutainment" combines the ideas of education and entertainment by using the performing art as a vehicle of change and education. The issue features several edutainment programmes in Asia and Africa that use drama, theatre, puppetry, music, edu-clowns, street plays as a vehicle of change and education.

  11. HIV/AIDS and Communication for Behaviour and Social Change : Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward

    The report synthesizes the deliberations of a workshop on "Communication for Behaviour and Social Change: Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward", organized by UNAIDS' Department of Policy, Strategy and Research (PSR) and the Secretariat of the International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa (IPPA) in Geneva in July 2000. …

  12. Reproductive rights, advocacy and changing the law

    This issue of journal is about reproductive rights, advocacy and changing the law. Papers on abortion cover the role of political parties and political process in changing the law, the role of feminists and doctors in efforts to get hospitals in the context of restrictive law, and efforts to get nurses and other health workers to confront their own prejudices against abortion in order to make service provision women-centred. Two papers delve into the meaning of reproductive health and rights and the role of advocacy in implementing changes in reproductive health law, policies and services.

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